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Ten Commandments
Hebrew & Greek

*Ten Commandments

Commandment 1
Commandment 2
Commandment 3
Commandment 4
Commandment 5
Commandment 6
Commandment 7
Commandment 8
Commandment 9

Exodus 20:1-17, Deuteronomy 5:7-20

Ex 20:1 Then Elohim [God] spoke all these words, saying,

Ex 20:2 “I am Yehovah your-Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

Commandment 1: Ex 20:3 You shall have no other els before Me.

Commandment 2: Ex 20:4 You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any representation of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth.

Ex 20:5 You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, Yehovah-your-Elohim, am a jealous El [God], visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me,

Ex 20:6 but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

Commandment 3: Ex 20:7 You shall not take the name of Yehovah-your-Elohim in vain, for Yehovah will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

Commandment 4: Ex 20:8 Remember the seventh day, to keep it holy.

Ex 20:9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Ex 20:10 but the seventh day is a seventh of Yehovah-your-Elohim; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you.

Ex 20:11 For in six days Yehovah made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore Yehovah blessed the seventh day and made it holy.

Commandment 5: Ex 20:12 Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which Yehovah-your-Elohim gives you.

Commandment 6: Ex 20:13 You shall not murder.

Commandment 7: Ex 20:14 You shall not commit adultery [#a'n: and moiceuvw in Greek, 3431].

Commandment 8: Ex 20:15 You shall not steal.

Commandment 9: Ex 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Commandment 10: Ex 20:17 You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”

Exodus 24:12 “Now Yehovah said to Moses, Come up to Me on the mountain and remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets with the law and the commandment which I-have-engraved for their instruction.” [Note context of Moses, Aron and the Seventy Elders on the mountain who see God and eat a meal with Him]

Exodus 31:18 “And when He had finished speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.”

Exodus 32:15-16 “Then Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, tablets which were written on both sides; they were written on one side and the other. And the tablets were Elohim’s work, and the writing was Elohim’s writing engraved on the tablets.”

Exodus 34:1 Now Yehovah said to Moses, “Cut out for yourself two stone tablets like the former ones, and I-will-engrave on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered.

Exodus 34:28 So he was there with Yehovah forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he-engraved on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

*Hebrew & Greek

btK K-tav to engrave, write; to be written. Verb: Aramaic 3rd masculine singular, 3790; corresponding to bt'K; to engrave, 3789. Exodus 34:28. 1/397, 5/1078/3, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

rc[ masc. of hrc[ ten. Noun: masculine/feminine singular, 6235; from rc[ to tithe, 6237. Exodus 34:28. 1/618, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

rbD davar 1) speech, discourse, saying, word, word of command. Noun: masculine singular, 1697; from rbD to speak, 1696. Exodus 34:28. 1/144, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

jWl, jl Lechah, loohah 1) tablet of stone or wood to engrave upon, Exodus 34:28. 2) trop. tablet of the heart, Prov 3:31, Jer 17:1. 3) dual mytjl the boarding or deck of a ship. Noun: masculine singular, 3871. 1/419, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

tWrj charoot engraved. Participle: masculine singular qal passive, 2801a; from trj to engrave, 2801. Ex 32:16. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

#an naw-ăf 1) Qal: to commit adultery, Ex 20:14. 2) spiritually adultery when we turn away from God and His Word and trust in ourselves and men or other religions rather than in the true God which is also idolatry !yprT, 8655, 1 Sam 15:23; eidwlolatria", 1495, 1 Cor 10:14. 3) Piel #an adultery, Jer 13:27. Verb: 3 masculine singular, 5003. 1/529, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

moiceuw moikūō 1) to commit adultery with, debauch with someone else's wife, Matt 5:28, 32. 2) absolute and middle to commit adultery, Matthew 5:27, John 8:4. 3) to commit spiritual adultery, be guilty of idolatry, Rev 2:22. Verb: 1 person singular, 3431; from moico" an adulterer, 3432. 2/272, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

hwxm meeztah commandment, precept, Ex 20:6. Noun: feminine singular, 4687; from hwx to command, 6680. Isaiah 48:18. 1/641, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

la El meaning: God, the one true God: Yehovah, 3068; God the mighty one, strong; mighty men, men of rank, mighty heroes; angels; god, false god, demons, imaginations; mighty things in nature; strength, power. This word has cognate forms in other Semitic tongues, and is the general term for God in the widest sense, true or false, or even an image treated as a god as in Gen 35:2, “Put away the foreign Eloahs which are among you”. Because of this general character it is frequently associated with a defining adjective or predicate. or example, in Deut 5:9 we read, “I Yehovah your-Elohim am a jealous El,” or in Genesis 31:13, “the El of Bethel”. Noun: masculine, 410; shortened from lya, 352. Gen 35:1. Ex 20:5. 1/12, 5/411/2, 32/CD; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

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