Bibliography & Notes
Basic Evangelism Training
1 Corinthians 9:11
"If we sowed spiritual things in you, is it
too much if we should reap material things from you?"
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Bill of Rights
By Dale P. Kruse
The title of the painting on the cover is
Justice Lifts the Nations. It was painted by Paul Robert in
1905. Francis A. Schaeffer explains the meaning of this painting in
How Should We Then Live?:
"It is on the stairway in the old Supreme Court
Building in Lausanne where the judges had to pass each time before
going up to try a case. Robert wanted to remind them that the place
which the Reformation gave to the Bible provided a basis not only
for morals but for law. Robert pictured many types of legal cases in
the foreground and the judges in their black robes standing behind
the judges' bench. The problem is neatly posed: How shall the judges
judge? On what basis shall they proceed so that their judgment will
not be arbitrary? Above them Robert painted Justice standing
unblindfolded, with her sword pointed not vertically upward but
downward toward a book, and on the book is written The Law of God."
Jesus said to Pilate, "Everyone who is of
the truth hears My voice."-1-
Pilate responded back to Jesus, "What is truth?" (John 8:37-38).
What is the problem in our society today? Why are we on
a daily basis loosing the constitutional rights our forefathers gave
their lives to establish and defend? Why are we allowing the daily
murdering of innocent children through aborticides? Why have we
the Bible and the conscious acknowledgment of God out of our schools and in
the consideration of our law making? These things are taking place
in society because we have done away with the Bible as our source of
moral truth. Because we have done away with the Bible as our guide
for making laws in our society the end result is that we no longer
know what to base our laws on. We no longer know what is truth?
What is truth? If there is no God, then
there are no moral absolutes, and if there are no moral absolutes
then might is right. In other words, whoever voices their opinions
the loudest, whoever carries the biggest stick is who determines
what law is in our society. This is what has been called
Situational Ethics. . . . the morality of an act is a
function of the state of the system at the time the act is
performed. This quote comes from Garret Hardinís book the
Limits of Altruism.2/39
Dr. Hardin is telling us that the value of whether an act is moral
or not is up to whoever is the controlling governing factor at that
We say in our Pledge of Allegiance that we are
one nation under God and in the beginning when it came to deciding
the governing laws in our land, God and His Word the Bible were
considered. This was how our constitution came about. Our
forefathers were at an all time low in trying to come to agreement.
They were not able too. Finally, Benjamin Franklin spoke up and
"In the beginning of the contest with Britain,
when we were sensible of danger, we had daily prayers in this room
for Divine protection. Our prayers, Sir, were heard, and they were
graciously answered. . . . do we imagine we no longer need His
assistance? I therefore beg leave to move that, henceforth, prayers
imploring the assistance of heaven and its blessing on our
deliberation be held in this assembly every morning before we
proceed to business."2/39
Without a drop of blood our Constitution
and Bill of Rights were written because we took God and His
Word the Judeo-Christian Bible into consideration in developing
these documents. Benjamin Franklin later wrote, "He who shall
introduce into public affairs the principles of primitive
Christianity will change the face of the World."3/342-343
Having taken God and his word into consideration,
Jefferson wrote in our Constitution,
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that
all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their
Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are
Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
As a result of taking God and His Word into
consideration, our forefathers came to recognize that under our
Creator we are created equal and all individually have the right of
life, liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
The Bible teaches us that because of Original
Sin, Adam and Eveís sin in the Garden of Eden, manís nature is
corrupted and in bondage to sin (Romans 7:14). Our forefathersí
recognition of the Bibleís teaching on this matter and knowing that
power corrupts and that it corrupts absolutely, and that because it
does that there would be times when the people would need to defend
and protect themselves from the Government itself, placed in the
Bill of Rights in Article IV the right of the people to keep and
bear Arms, and that this right could not be infringed upon. It
was our knowledge of what the Bible teaches about manís Fallen
nature that gave our forefathers the wisdom to put Article IV in the
Bill of Rights. Our Legal system having done away with the Bible and
its teaching on manís Fallen nature is why our rights under the
Constitution and the Bill of Rights are being threatened. They are
being threatened because our leadership has no knowledge or
understanding of why the
Bill of Rights were put into our
the first place. The end result is that our leadership are acting
out of their own finite reasoning, heart and emotions; and depending
on who or what philosophy is most influencing them at any given time is what is
determining law and policy in our country today. That is why our
society is turning into chaos. That is why our legislatures in the
70's, 90's and even in 2000-2010 could not
come to agreement to solve the deficit and other major problems in
society. They could not solve them because every individual was being
guided by his own reason and thoughts which is totally different
from everyone elseís reasoning and thoughts. Now (2010) we have a
completely liberal administration who rejects God, His Word and
Christianity all together seeing it as its enemy; and as a result
having no regard for our Constitution and wanting to trash it all
together. Because they believe they are right, they do not
even listen to the people who voted them into office. They
have no regard for the limitations of the Constitution placed upon
them and its teaching that they are not serving themselves but "We
the People!" As a result, before long, these godless men
through there over taxation and spending legislation will ruin our
country financially as a whole. This is what Jeremiah was
talking about when he wrote:
"Thus says Yehovah, ĎCursed is the man who trusts
in mankind and makes flesh his-arm, And whose heart turns away from
Yehovah. For he will be like a bush in the desert and will not see
when prosperity comes, but will live in stony wastes in the
wilderness, a land of salt without inhabitant.í"
Why? Because God is judging us? No, because we
are judging ourselves. God created us. He knows what makes us run
right and smooth. He gave us His operating Manual the Bible to
give us continuity and unity in purpose, work and law making, but we
have rejected it. Now every man is a law to himself. This is
clearly demonstrated in the government and the states pushing for
Gay marriage. Why? Because it is totally contrary to the
God's stated created purpose of man and government is making it
plain to Christianity and God that we no longer have any place in
society and politics. We
have rejected Godís operating manual in marriage, the Bible, and
as a result we have total chaos and anarchy in the home. Government,
now, has no restraint in spending and an inability to control itself
in its policy and law making.
Take the history of the forming of Franceís
Constitution for example. The situation in Franceís writing of their
constitution was quite different than ours. The first thing they did
was throw out the Bible and confiscate the lands of the church and
then tried to develop a democracy on humanistic ideas meaning the
reasoning of manís own thoughts. The only problem though was the
legislatures could not agree on what these ideal humanistic concepts
were. Dr. Francis A. Schaeffer wrote in his book How Should We
"The members of the National Assembly swore to
establish a constitution. Their base, consciously, was purely a
humanist theory of rights. On August 26, 1789, they issued the
Declaration of the Rights of Man. It sounded fine, but it had
nothing to rest upon. In the Declaration of the Rights of Man what
was called the Supreme Being equaled the sovereignty of the
nationóthat is, the general will of the people."4/122
ABC has declared Obama our new Messiah, even a god.
Jesus is no longer our God and King. It took two years for the
French National Constituent
Assembly to draft a constitution (1789-1791). Within a year it was a
dead letter. By that time what is often known as the Second French
Revolution was in motion, leading to a bloodbath that ended with the
revolutionary leaders themselves being killed.5/83
They did not have a single unifying factor like
the Bible to consider in trying to develop that constitution. They
did not take into consideration what the Bible taught about manís
fallen nature and the danger of that nature not being checked
through the knowledge of Godís word (Galatians 3:19). The end result
was that those who thought their ideas were more right than others
tried to force others to accept their view point and the Guillotine
was created. Dr. Schaeffer further wrote,
"How quickly all the humanist ideals came to
grief! In September 1792 began the massacre in which some 1,300
prisoners were killed. Before it was all over, the government and
its agents killed 40,000 people, many of them peasants. . . . As in
the later Russian Revolution the revolutionaries on their humanist
base had only two optionsóanarchy or repression."
The Bible states in Proverbs 14:12
"There is a way which seems right to a man,
but its end is the way of death."
This is what is wrong in our society today. We
have thrown out what was our original basis for determining the morality
of a law: the Bible. We no longer take into consideration what
the Bible teaches about the fallen nature of man. Now those who
think they know better than our forefathers what should be right and
wrong in our society are making the laws and forcing it upon us
whether we want it or not. What is happening as a
result? We no longer have justice in our court rooms. State
governments are trying to take away our right to bear arms. Innocent
children are being murdered by the millions through aborticide. A
few years back a court ruled that it was prejudice and
unconstitutional for the Boy Scouts to have in their oath I
pledge to God and Country. . . . They ruled that the word God
prejudiced atheists. Actually it is prejudice against people who
believe in God.
Getting back to the original question, What is
truth? How do we know that what Jesus claimed about Himself is
true? How do we know that the Judeo-Christian Bible is true? How do
we know that we can rely upon it as the absolute word of God and as
the basis for determining our individual and community conduct? John
quoted Jesus saying to the Jews in,
John 5:39-40 "For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me;
for he wrote of Me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will
you believe My words?"
Jesus claimed to be God. Because He is God He
cannot lie (Titus 1:2,
Heb 6:18). Because he cannot lie, what He
says is absolute true truth. Jesus put the writings of Moses and the
Old Testament at the same level as His spoken words. Jesus saw the
Bible as absolutely true truth in all that it affirms. Jesus said to
the Jews that if they did not believe what Moses wrote in the Old
Testament that they would not believe His words either. If Adam and
Eve were not real People who really sinned and fell out of
relationship with God, then Jesusí coming and death and Resurrection
have no meaning and their value to us as man in restoring our relationship with God are under suspect.
God gave us the Bible through the hands of men in
historical setting for confirmation and verification of its
He gave it to us because we could never discover the truth about
ourselves and the universe unless He revealed it to us. This is
because we are finite and limited. Finite man can never discover for
himself the truth about himself or the universeís beginning. God
gave it to us because He really is and because He really did create
us and the universe.
God still speaks to us today, but He has given us
the written record of the Bible to give us the ability to discern
what is truly His voice and messenger. This is what Jesus was saying
to the Jews in the above passage. He was telling them that if they
were really putting their trust in what Moses wrote and were really
reading it, they would know that Jesus was who He claimed to be and
that He was the only true Messiah, the only Son of God.
We ask, How can we know that the Bible is
reliable historically, cosmologically, scientifically and
theologically? How can we know that what Jesus claimed about
Himself, recorded in the Bible, is true? We know it is true because
Jesus is true. And we know that Jesus is true because He proved to
us He was true, that He was God the Son and that the Bible as He
claimed is absolute true truth because He came back from the
dead to prove to us that His claims were absolutely true.
"The Jews therefore answered and said to Him, ĎWhat sign do You show
to us, seeing that You do these things?í"
They were asking Jesus, How do we know you are
who you claim to be? What is your proof to us that you really did
come from God, that you are Yehovah God in the flesh, the only true Messiah,
that your words are true? Jesus responded back to them,
"ĎDestroy this temple, and in three days I will
raise it upí. . . . But He was speaking of the temple of His body.
When therefore He was raised from the dead, His disciples
remembered that He said this; and they believed the SCRIPTURE,
and the WORD which Jesus had spoken."
Jesus looked his enemies straight in the eye and
said, "Kill me, and I will lay dead in a warm grave for three days
and then come back from the dead to prove to You that I am Yehovah
God in the flesh, the ONLY true Messiah, and that all My claims are absolutely
This passage of Scripture tells us that not only
were the Jews questioning the validity of who Jesus claimed to be
and how literal the Old Testament should be taken but so did His
disciples. But what brought Jesusí disciples to a place of so
strongly believing in Jesus as God the Son and the Bible as the
absolute Word of God? It was Jesus fulfilling His promise to come
back from the dead to prove to us that the Bible and His claims
about Himself were true. After Jesusí Physical Resurrection His Apostles and
disciples believed that the Bible, Jesusí words and who Jesus
claimed to be were absolute true truth. This is our absolute proof
that what Jesus claimed about Himself is true and that the Bible is
absolutely true truth and reliable for us today: the
RESURRECTION of Jesus Christ.
"When therefore He was raised from the dead, His disciples. . .
believed the Scripture, and the word which Jesus had spoken."
Was Jesusí Physical Resurrection just a story
prefabricated by Jesusí disciples (a story they all died to defend)?
A few years ago I was talking to a Student I will call Bob at
California State University of Fresno. I shared the Gospel with him
and asked him if he had ever received Jesus as Savior and Lord
before. He answered in response, No. I am an atheist. He
believed that whatever was right for the individual was right. I
told him that that was an interesting position. I then said to Bob,
Pastor Kruse (PK): Bob, lets clarify
something. Albert Einstein, one of the most brilliant men of our
time, said that the most intelligent person in the world did not
know one-tenth of one percent of all the knowledge of the universe.
Lets say you knew that one-tenth of a percent. In order for you to
say with authority that there is no God you would have to claim to
have all knowledge, to have traveled throughout the whole universe
and concluded that there is no God. Can you make that claim?
Bob (B): No.
Pastor Kruse: Then your not really an
atheist. An agnostic maybe?
B: Well I do not like to put labels on
PK: Bob, saying you are an agnostic simply
means you do not know whether there is a God or not. Bob what could
prove to you whether there is a God or not? Any ideas?
B: I donít know.
PK: Bob, Jesus claimed to be God. When
asked how He could prove not only that claim but also all other
claims he made, such as He was the only way to God, the light of the
world, etcetera, He replied back by saying to his inquirers,
"Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up."7
You know Bob, even Jesusí disciples had doubts about Jesusí claims
and the literalness of the Old Testament which Jesus always drew his
authority from, but after Jesus rose from the dead the Bible says
that his disciples not only believed in the literalness of the Old
Testament but also every Word Jesus had spoken.-8-
You see Bob, Christianity is not a metaphysical leap into the dark.
It is fact based on solid historical fact. Jesus came back from the
dead and the Apostle Paul tells us that besides himself that there
where over 512 other witnesses to the fact of His physical resurrection.-9-
B: It was nothing but mass hysteria.
PK: Bob, I could see how that might be a
good argument if the five-hundred and twelve people only saw what
they thought might have been Jesus from a distance and for a moment
and then he was gone, but the Bible tells us that not only did Jesus
rise from the dead and appear to more than five-hundred and twelve
people but that after His resurrection he continued to walk, talk,
eat and fellowship with these people for forty days. The first
chapter of Acts verse 3 tells us,
"To these He also presented Himself alive, after
His suffering by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a
period of forty days, and speaking of the things concerning the
kingdom of God."
Forty days gave these people plenty of
opportunity to prove to themselves whether Jesus really did come
back from the dead. The conclusion: He did and every one of His
Apostles died a martyrs death upholding that claim except the Apostle
John who was exiled on the Island of Patmos in the Aegean Sea where
he died of old age.10
B: Ya. I guess that rules out mass
PK: The fact of Jesusí Resurrection is one
of the most reliable facts of history. The testimony of Jesusí
resurrection wasnít just recorded by Jesusí disciples either.
Josephus, the recognized Roman Historian by Rome, wrote in his
chronicles about Jesus (which I showed him from an earlier version
of this book),
"Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man,
if it be lawful to call him a man; for he was a doer of wonderful
works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He
drew over to him many Jews, and also many of the Greeks. This man
was the Christ. And when Pilate had condemned him to the cross, upon
his impeachment by the principal man among us, those who had loved
Him from the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them
alive on the third day, as the divine prophets having spoken
these and thousands of other wonderful things about him. And even
now, the race of Christians, so named from Him, has not died out."11/379
Bob, no other religious man of history or
philosopher or scientist came back from the dead to prove his
claims. Plato is dead. Sacrates is dead. Buddha is dead. Mohammed is
dead. Darwin is still in the grave. Only Jesus came back from the
dead to prove to us that the Bible, Godís Word, is absolutely
reliable and that what it teaches about the universeís beginning,
about man and his beginning, His claims about Himself, His death for
our sins is absolutely true.
Bob no longer denied the reality of Jesusí claims
and who he was. He could not deny the evidence that was before him.
Another time I was talking with a church going
man, I will call George, about the significance of the Resurrection
of Jesus Christ. He said to me in response, "Is the Resurrection of
Jesus Christ all that important when it comes to proving the claims
of Jesus Christ and the absolute reliability of the Bible as truth?"
I told George in response:
"George, when I am sharing the claims of Jesus
Christ with a Moslem, I will always start by asking them the
question, "How do You know that Mohammed is a prophet of God and
that the Koran is Godís Word?" Without exception they will say to me
in response, "Because I have an inner witness and feeling that it is
true." I then say to them in response, "That is interesting. Do you
know what a Mormon says to me when I ask them how they know that
Joseph Smith was a prophet of God and that the Book of Mormon is
Godís Word?" They will say in response, "I do not know." I then tell
them, "They tell me that they have an inner witness and feeling that
it is true." George, I then go on to explain to the Moslem why I
believe that Jesus was truly Godís only Son, his only and final
message to Man and that the Bible is truly Godís Word. I explain to
them that it is because when Jesus was asked by his enemies what his
proof was that he was Godís only Son sent into the world and that
his claims about Himself were true, that Jesus said to them in
response, "Kill me and I will lay in a warm grave for three days and
then come back from the dead to prove to you that I am who I claim
to be and that my claims are true." I then go on to explain to them
that Jesus did come back from the dead and that there were over 512
witnesses to the fact of Jesus Resurrection. I then go on to explain
to them that no other religious founder or scientist such as Darwin
ever offered their hearers a proof to their claims and that not one
of them have ever come back from the dead to prove that their claims
and religious books and science are absolute true truth. Jesus
Christ is the only one who did.
George, the Apostle Paul explains to us the
paramount importance of the physical resurrection of Jesus Christ for the case and claims of
1 Corinthians 15:12-20
"Now if Christ is preached, that He has been
raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no
resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the
dead, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been
raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.
Moreover we are even found to be false witnesses of God, because we
witnessed against God that He raised Christ, whom he did not raise,
if in fact the dead are not raised. For if the dead are not raised,
not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been
raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins. Then
those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. if we
have hoped in Christ in this life only, we are of all men most to be
pitied. But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the
first fruits of those who are asleep [dead]."
George, Christianity stands or falls on the fact
of the Resurrection. The Resurrection is our absolute proof that God
exists, that he sent Jesus, his only Son into the world (John 1:1,
3:16); that death, eternal separation from God, is sins penalty
(2 Thessalonians 1:9); that Jesus paid sins penalty for us in our
place on the cross (Romans 6:23); and that God will give eternal life to anyone
who receives His Son as Savior and Lord of their lives (Romans
No other religion or teacher of man stated
that they would come back from the dead to prove that their
teachings and claims were true about God, man and the
Universe or gave any other proof that could be tested absolutely
such as killing the man and then that man proving his claims by
coming back physically from the dead. Abraham, the father of Judaism, died
about 1900 B.C., but no resurrection was ever claimed for him.12/180
Wilbur M. Smith stated about Buddha,
"The original accounts of Buddha never ascribe to
him any such thing as a resurrection; in fact, in the earliest
accounts of his death, namely, the Mahaparinibbana Sutta, we
read that when Buddha died it was "with that utter passing away in
which nothing whatever remains behind."13/385
Professor Childers writes,
"There is no trace in the Pali scriptures or
commentaries (or so far as I know in any Pali book) of Sakya Muni
having existed after his death or appearing to his disciples.
Mohammed died June 8, 632 A.D., at the age of sixty-one, at Medina,
where his tomb is annually visited by thousands of devout
Mohammedans. All the millions and millions of Jews, Buddhists,
and Mohammedans agree that their founders have never come up out of
the dust of the earth in resurrection."12/180
The point of all that has been said is this,
besides the fact that Not one fact of history, science (that can be
measured, not claimed without tangible or measured evidence) or
archaeological discovery has ever proved any historical teaching of
the undeniable evidence of Jesusí Resurrection with over 512
to the fact; who walked, ate and talked with Him for forty days
after His Resurrection, is our proof that Jesus was who He claimed
to be, God the Messiah who became man to die for our sins, and that
His Word written down in the Bible is absolutely true truth in all
that it affirms scientifically, historically, cosmologically and
theologically. The Resurrection proves we can rely on the
Bible and it alone as a basis for determining whether our laws and
teachings are true or not or just or not. The Bible is our basis for
determining what is absolutely true and what is absolutely false.
This in fact is what the Reformation, started by Martin Luther, was
all about: bringing our so called facts of science and man into the
light of the teaching of the Bible, not the Bible into the so called
light of science.
Nothing else is necessary for determining our law
making in society or if what we believe or have discovered in
science is true. Nothing else is necessary because Jesus came back
from the dead to prove to us that what he claimed about Himself is
true and that we could rely on the Bible and all it teaches
one-hundred percent as true truth.
The question is, what are You going to do with
the claims of Jesus Christ? He proved to us through His Resurrection
that His claims to be Lord and God and Savior of man are absolutely
true. He loves you and has a present and eternal plan for your life.
In order for what Jesus did on the cross to be yours you must
receive Jesus as Savior and as Lord of your life. If you reject
Jesus, what the Bible teaches about Heaven and hell is just as
absolutely true. To receive Jesus is to go to Heaven without
question. To reject Jesus is to go to Hell forever without question.14
I encourage you to respond to Jesusí claims and surrender to Him as
Savior and Lord. As one who did this forty-two years ago, I can
tell you truthfully, I have no regrets in making that decision and I
know I am saved and that I am going to heaven. Why? Because I am
better than others? No. I am, regrettably, a sinner like everyone
else. I know I am going to heaven because Jesus promised eternal
life to all who received Him as Lord and Savior and He came back from the dead to prove
that His claims are true. Turn to Jesus now and receive Him into
your heart as Lord and Savior and you will go to heaven too. Pray
the following prayer:
Jesus, I acknowledge that Your phyhsical resurrection from
the dead proves absolutely that You are God the Son who became flesh
and died on the cross for my sins. Thank you Jesus for dying for my
sins. I now ask You in response to come into my heart as Savior from
my sins and as Lord of my life. Take control of my life and by Your
Holy Spirit lead me into your will and plan for my life in Jesus'
name, amen. Thank you Jesus that You are now indeed in my heart and that
I now have eternal life and that I will go to heaven.
If you just prayed this prayer, then know for
certain that you are saved and that you have eternal life and that
you are going to heaven. The Apostle John wrote in the Bible God the
Fatherís witness to man about what constitutes having eternal life
and going to heaven;
1 John 5:11-12
"And the witness of God is this, that God has given us
eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has
the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the
If you just prayed the prayer above and received
Jesus into your heart for the first time, will you e-mail me and
share it with me? If you did just pray this prayer I encourage
you to go to this link titled
Is the Answer to Your Needs and read the articles
that are listed there. They will give you assurance of
salvation, explain to you how to relate to Jesus in prayer for the
answer to your needs, how to know what is truly Jesus' voice, how to
know what is His will and plan for your life and how to succeed in
John 20:27-29 "And after eight days
[after His Physical Resurrection]
again His disciples were inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came,
the doors having been shut, and stood in their midst, and said,
ĎPeace be with you.í Then He said to Thomas, ĎReach here your
finger, and see My hands, and reach here your hand, and put it into
My side; and be not unbelieving, but believing.í Thomas answered and
said to him, ĎMy Lord and my God!í Jesus said to him,
ĎBecause you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who
did not see, and yet believed.í"
Suggested Further Reading:
- Kruse, Dale P.
Salvation In Jesus. Tulsa: Dale P. Kruse, 2012.
- Hardin, Garret.
The Limits of Altruism.
Indiana: University Press, 1977. p. 39.
- Peter Marshall,
The Light and the
Glory (Old Tappan: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1977), pp.
- Francis A. Schaeffer,
How Should We
Then Live? (Old Tappan: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1971), p.
- Rev. Charles E. Kistler,
Under God (Boston: The Gorham Press, 1924), p. 83.
- Kruse, Dale P.
The Bible: God's Word
Absolutely. Tulsa, OK: Dale P. Kruse, 2012.
- John 2:18-21.
- John 2:22.
- 1 Corinthians 15:3-8.
- Revelation 1:9
Josephus Complete Works,
"Antiquities 18.3.3" (Michigan: Kregel, 1981), p. 379.
- McDowell, Josh.
Evidence That Demands
a Verdict, Vol. 1. San Bernardino: Here's Life
Publishers, Inc., 1979.
- Smith, Wilbur M.
Christian Apologetics. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House,
1965. p. 385.
- Kruse, Dale P.
Heaven and Hell An
Absolute Reality. Tulsa: Dale P. Kruse, 2012.
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