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Back to "C", Topical Scriptures

Topical Scriptures

Constitution of Man
Greek

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*Spirit

pneu'ma 1) spirit, spiritual being such as the Holy Spirit or manís spirit capable of knowing, desiring, deciding and acting. 2) wind, breath of nostrils or mouth. 3) a spirit as in angel or demons who can possess a human being. 4) The spiritual nature of Jesus which is higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ. 5) Godís Spirit, for God is spirit, John 4:23-24. 6) The Holy Spirit, the third Person of the Trinity. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 4151; from pnevw to breathe, to blow, 4154. 1 Thess 5:23. 2/331, 5/923/5, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Soul

yuchv Soul , Hebrew vp,n<, the heart, mind and emotions of man. Manís Soul is the means by which he has self-consciousness, relationship with self. Second, it is the medium between the spirit and the body. Third, it is what man becomes and manifests through his physical body in personality, vocation, and lifestyle as a result of, one, heart response to what he has learned through his mind body, conscience, and emotions; two, through what he has received from God through his spirit; and three, as a result of those abilities and talents God has chosen to give him individually. Manís Mind an organ of the soul, is his computer by which he stores information gained through his five senses--the body, spirit, soul, conscience, heart, and emotions. Manís Heart , kardiva ó 2588, the essence of his soul, is the part of man which decides how he will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through his mind; through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit; through the promptings of his conscience; and through his emotions. It is the volitional part of man. That which animates the body in both men and animals. Noun: feminine, 5590; from yuvcw, 5594. 2/443, 5/918/4, 28/CD, 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Conscience

suneivdhsi" conscience, a knowing with oneself, as the inward faculty of moral judgment, the consciousness of knowing what is write or wrong. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 4893; from suneivdw to be aware of, to know, 4894. 1 Cor 8:7. 2/391, 5/198, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Emotions

__________

Emotions of The Heart are being stirred to action (Ex 35:21), trembling (1 Sam 4:13, Deut 28:65), gladness or pleasantness (Judg 16:25), troubled (2 Sam 24:10), being enraged (2 Kin 6:11), sadness (Neh 2:2), joy (Prov 17:22), merriness (Ecc 7:3), and experiencing Godís love (Rom 5:5).

Emotions of The Soul are pleasure (Heb 10:38), hate (Num 21:5), weeping (Ps 119:28), bitterness (Job 7:11, Is 38:15), happiness and peace (Lam 3:17), despair (Deut 28:65), grief (1 Sam 2:33), and scorn (Ezek 25:15).

Emotions of The Spirit are sighing (Mk 8:12), being moved or troubled (Jn 11:33), rejoicing (Lk 1:47), anguish (Job 7:11), and anger (Ecc 7:9).

Hebrew & Greek Terms

The primary words for emotions or compassion in the Old Testament are @ymjr (racham„een) meaning mercies or tender compassion (Lam 3:22); mjr (racham) meaning to love tenderly, to pity, to have compassion or mercy upon anyone (Ps 18:2); and lmj (chamal) meaning to have compassion, to pity, spare (Ex 2:6).

The primary words for emotions or compassion in the New Testament are splagcnizomai (splagknizomai)145 meaning to be moved with pity or compassion (Matt 9:36); eleew (eleeo) meaning to show mercy, kindness, compassion (Matt 18:33); metriopaqew (metriopatheo) meaning to show gentleness, compassion (Heb 5:2); oikteirw (oikteiro) meaning to be gentle, compassionate (Rom 9:15); and sumpaqh" (sumpathes) meaning to sympathise or be compassionate (1 Pet 3:8).

splagcnon, ou, to splagchnon. In the N.T. only plural ta splagcna, wn. the bowels, regarded by the Greeks as the seat of the more violent passions, by the Hebrews as the seat of the tender affections, love, feelings, emotions, thus the heart. 1) the chief intestines, viscera. 2) the entrails, bowels, the heart, lungs, liver, Acts 1:18. 3) metaphorically the heart, the affections of the heart, where the more violent passions come from such as anger and love, but by the Hebrews the tender affections, such as kindness, benevolence, compassion, thus from the heart, Luke 1:28. 4) metonymy a cherished one, dear as one's wife, Phile 12. 5) mercy from within the heart. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 4698; from splen the "spleen". 2/373, 4/798, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

@ymjr racham„een meaning compassion, mercy. Ch. masc. pl. Dan 2:18. mjr. 1/681.

mjr racham meaning to love tenderly, to pity, to have compassion or mercy upon any one. Ps 18:2. 1/681.

lmj chamal meaning to have compassion, to pity. Exod 2:6. 1/264.

splagcnizomai splagknizomai meaning to be moved with pity or compassion. Matt 9:36. splacnon. 2/373.

eleew eleeo meaning to have compassion, pity. Matt 18:33. eleo". 2/131.

metriopaqew metriopatheo meaning to be gentle, compassionate. Heb 5:2. . 2/268.

sumpaqh" sumpathes meaning sympathising, compassionate. 1 Peter 3:8. sumpascw. 2/383.

oikteirw oikteiro meaning to have compassion favor towards. 2 Cor 1:3. 2/285.

*Heart

kardiva heart; the essence of manís soul, the part of his constitution which decides how he will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through his mind, through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit, through the prompting of his conscience, and through his emotionsóthe volitional part of man; also regarded as the center and source of the whole inner life, its thinking, feeling, and volition. There are four functions of manís soul which are manifested through manís heart because they are all centered in manís volition: conscious reasoning, subconscious holdings, the soul-expression, and God-implanted giftedness. The conscious part of manís being is where reasoning takes place, for it takes an act of the will to reason, Mk 2:6, 2:8; Lk 5:22. The subconscious part of manís being is where basic presuppositions, decisions made, and talents are stored or implanted as a result of volitional decisions made through conscious reasoning and God implanted giftedness. It is also the root of soul-expression, 1 Cor 14:25, Prov 27:19. When God commanded Moses to build a tabernacle he told him he would implant in the heart of certain individuals abilities and skills required to do the work of art necessary: ďAnd in the hearts of all who are wise of heart I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded you,Ē Exodus 31:6. Manís Soul is his unique personality having its roots in his subconscious, manifested through heart volition. Every time we make a decision about anything we learn or experience in life, that decision is permanently planted into our subconscious and our will becomes bound to it. The end result is that whether we are conscious of it or not, it affects everything we do. Our decisions make us who we are. When we think of someone, we think of the things they say and their physical mannerisms. We think about the facial expressions they make when talking or reacting to something they see or hear. All these things are our unique soul expressing itself through the will through our body. Without realizing it, these things control our will and the expression of our soul through our body. This is what Paul was talking about in a negative sense in Romans 7:14-24. The human soul is like a sculpture. Every decision and choice we make is a chisel working away at our soul and forming, so to speak, a work of art. Unfortunately, once the chisel has done its work, if left to ourselves, the work cannot be undone. This is why Jesus said that with men salvation is not possible. It is also why Jesus said we must be born from above. Once the damage is done, the soul cannot be changed or repaired. Whatever decisions and choices we make become a permanent part of our souls and a permanent expression of our souls through our volition. This is what Paul is expressing in frustration in Romans Chapter 7. Jesus tells us it cannot be repaired, that the only solution is to be born from above, recreated inside and out, John 3:5-7. Noun: feminine, 2588, prolonged from a primary karóLatin, cor, ďheartĒ. Rom 2:15. 2/213, 5/468/11, 28/CD, 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Imagination

diavnoia the mind, disposition, thought, imagination, insight, comprehension, intellect, full or thorough mind. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 1271; compound word from diav through, 1223, and nou'" mind, 3563. 2/94, 5/662/8, 28,CD/ 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

noevw 1) to perceive, gain an insight into, observe, to mark attentively, let the reader note. 2) to exercise the mind and thus to understand, consider, think, imagine, ponder. Verb: 1 person singular, 3539; from nou'" the mind, 3563. 2/280, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Mind

diavnoia the mind, disposition, thought, imagination, insight, comprehension, intellect, full or thorough mind. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 1271; compound word from diav through, 1223, and nou'" mind, 3563. 2/94, 5/662/8, 28,CD/ 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

novhma 1) the mind, the understanding, intellect, 2 Cor 3:14, 4:4. 2) a conception, perception of the mind; thought, purpose, device, 2 Cor 2:11, 10:5. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 3540; from noievw to perceive, observe, mark attentively, 3539. 2/280, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

nou'" 1) the mind, intellect, conception which involves perceiving, understanding, feeling, judging, determing, reasoning; the intellectual faculty, the understanding. 2) the mind, intellect as the side of life contrasted with physical existence, the higher, mental part of the natural man which initiates his thoughts and plans. 3) mind, attitude, opinion, way of thinking as the sum total of the whole mental and moral state of being. 4) also the result of thinking mind, thought, opinion. Noun: masculine singular, 3563; probably from the base of ginwvskw to know, understand, perceive, 1097. 2/280, 5/662/11, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Reasoning

dialogivzomai to reason, deliberate, ponder, consider thoroughly, dispute, muse, think. Verb: masculine singular, 1260; from diav through, 1223, & logivzomai to reckon, count, compute, calculate, 3049. Matt 16:8. 2/93, 5/796/5, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

dialogismov" 1) reasoning, ratiocination, thought, cogitation, purpose, Matthew 15:19, Mark 7:21. 2) discourse, dispute, disputation, contention, Luke 9:46. 3) doubt, hesitation, scruple, Luke 24:38. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 1261; from dialogivzomai to reason, 1260. 2/93, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

logikov", hv, ovn 1) pertaining to reason or logic in the soul. 2) pertaining to speech. 3) agreeable to reason, following reason, reasonable, logical. Adjective: masculine singular nominative, 3050; from lovgo" reason, 3056. 2/249, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

lovgo" Logos meaning: Word, reason, speech, language, talk, a thing uttered. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 3056; from levgw, 3004. 2/249, 5/1070/11, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Thought

dialogismov" 1) reasoning, ratiocination, thought, cogitation, purpose, Matthew 15:19, Mark 7:21. 2) discourse, dispute, disputation, contention, Luke 9:46. 3) doubt, hesitation, scruple, Luke 24:38. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 1261; from dialogivzomai to reason, 1260. 2/93, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

diavnoia the mind, disposition, thought, imagination, insight, comprehension, intellect, full or thorough mind. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 1271; compound word from diav through, 1223, and nou'" mind, 3563. 2/94, 5/662/8, 28,CD/ 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

novhma 1) the mind, the understanding, intellect, 2 Cor 3:14, 4:4. 2) a conception, perception of the mind; thought, purpose, device, 2 Cor 2:11, 10:5. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 3540; from noievw to perceive, observe, mark attentively, 3539. 2/280, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

logivzomai 1) to count, calculate, impute; enumerate, Mark 15:28, Luke 22:37; 2) to set down as a matter of account, 1 Cor 13:5, 2 Cor 3:5, 12:6. 3) to impute, Romans 4:3, 2 Cor 5:19, 2 Tim 4:16. 4) to account, Romans 2:26, 8:36. 5) to regard, deem, consider, Romans 6:11, 14:14, 1 Cor 4:1, 2 Cor 10:2, Phil 3:13. 6) to infer, conclude, presume, Romans 2:3, 3:28, 8:18, 2 Cor 10:2, 7, 11, Heb 11:19, 1 Peter 5:12. 7) to think upon, ponder, Philippians 4:8. 8) absolute: to reason, Mark 11:31, 1 Cor 13:11. Verb: 1 person singular middle voice, 3049; from lovgo" word, reason, 3056. 2/249, 5/510/4, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

logismov" 1) a computation, act of computing. 2) a thought, cogitation. 3) a conception, device. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 3053; from logivzomai to count, calculate, 3049. Romans 2:15, 2 Cor 10:5. 2/249, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

lovgo" Logos meaning: Word, reason, speech, language, talk, a thing uttered. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 3056; from levgw, 3004. 2/249, 5/1070/11, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Understanding

noevw 1) to perceive, gain an insight into, observe, to mark attentively, let the reader note. 2) to exercise the mind and thus to understand, consider, think, imagine, ponder. Verb: 1 person singular, 3539; from nou'" the mind, 3563. 2/280, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

novhma 1) the mind, the understanding, intellect, 2 Cor 3:14, 4:4. 2) a conception, perception of the mind; thought, purpose, device, 2 Cor 2:11, 10:5. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 3540; from noievw to perceive, observe, mark attentively, 3539. 2/280, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Will

qevlhma, ato", tov will, bent, inclination, desire, pleasure. 1) objective, what is willed, what one wishes to happen; will, purpose, design. 1A) Concerning what God, Christ wills to happen. 1B) what one wishes to bring about by oneís own action, since one has undertaken to do what he has willed. 1C) what one wishes to bring about by the activity of others, to whom one assigns a task. 2) subjective, will, the act of willing or desiring. 2A) of the human will. 2B) as a rule of the will of God, of Christ. 2C) will, bent, inclination, 1 Cor 16:12, Eph 2:3. 3) will, sovereign pleasrue, Matt 18:14, Luke 12:47, Acts 13:22. Noun: neuter nominative, 2307; from qevlw to will, 2309. 2/192, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

qevlhsi", ew", hJ 1) will, pleasure, Heb 2:4. 2) a willing will. Noun: feminine nominative, 2308; from qevlw to will, 2309. 2/192, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

qevlw to will, have in mind, intend. 1) to be resolved or determined, to purpose. 2) to desire, to wish. 3) to love. 4) to like to do a thing, be fond of doing. 5) to take delight in, have pleasure. Verb: 1 person singular, 2309; a strengthened form of aiJrevomai to choose, 138. 2/192, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Body

sw'ma 1) a living or dead physical body of both man and animals. 2) the bodies of planets and stars, heavenly bodies. 3) body of men; spiritual body, 1 Cor 15; soulish body, 1 Cor 15; mystically the body of Christ, Eph 5. 4) Of the body that casts a shadw, in contract to the skiva the thing itself, the reality, Col 2:17. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 4983; from swvzw to save, 4982. 1 Thess 5:23. 2/395, 5/102/15, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

*Blood

ai|ma 1) blood. 2) of the color of blood. 3) bloodshed. 4) blood-guiltiness. 5) countryman or blood-relations. Noun: Masculine singular nominative, 129. 2/9, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

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