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1 Corinthians 9:11
"If we sowed spiritual things in you, is it too much if we should reap material things from you?"



Greek & Hebrew Words

jIhsou'", ['Wvwhoy Jesus meaning: Yehovah is Savior, Jesus is Yehovah our Savior. Personal name masculine singular nominative, genitive, dative & vocative, 2424; of Hebrew origin , ['Wvwhoy Yeshua, 3091, a compound word: h['Wvy, [v'y: meaning: to save, be saved, be delivered, 3467, & h/;hy] Yehovah, 3068, God's name He gave to Moses meaning I Am that I Am. Matthew 1:21. 2/200, 5/541, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

parqevno" A virgin meaning: a girl or woman or man who has never had sexual intercourse. Noun: masculine or feminine, singular, nominative, 3933, of unknown origin. Matt 1:23. 2/309, 5/1016, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

ajpauvgasma a reflected brightness in that Jesus perfectly reflects the Majesty of God without error or blemish, thus, radiance. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 541; from ajpov from, away from, hence, it variously signifies departure, distance of time or place, 575, & aujgavzw, 826, to be bright, shine forth, give light. intrans. Heb 1:3. 2/36, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

carakthvr exact-image, an impress, the exact expression (the image) of any person or thing, marked likeness, precise reproduction in every respect; an instrument used for engraving carving; the mark stamped upon an instrument. Noun: masculine, singular, nominative, 5481; from the same as cavrax a pale or stake, a palisade, 5482. Heb 1:3. 2/435, 4/913, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

eijkwvn 1) exact-image, likeness, Colossians 1:15. 2) a material image, likeness, effigy, Matthew 22:20; Mark 12:16. Noun: feminine, singular, nominative, 1504; from ei[kw, 1503. 2/117, 5/509/8, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

uJpovstasi" 1) essence, substance, the real nature of a thing; Hebrews 1:3 used of Christ stating that He is of the very essence of God meaning of the real nature of that to which reference is made in contrast to the outward manifestation, it refers to the fact of the Divine essence of God existent and expressed in the revelation of His Son. While the American version of the Bible translates this person this english translation was not given to it until the 4th century A.D. Most earlier English versions used the word substance. In Hebrews 11:1 it has the meaning of confidence, assurance meaning to give substance to. 2) a standing under; a taking of a thing upon one's self. 3) an assumed position, an assumption of a specific character, 2 Cor 11:17. 3) an engagement undertaken with regard to the conduct either of others, a vouching, 2 Cor 9:4, or of one's self a pledged profession, Heb 3:14. 4) the foundation of hope, confidence, assurance, an inner assurance, mental knowing of a truth or fact, the gift of faith and knowledge manifested (1 Cor 12:8-9), Hebrews 11:1. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 5287; from uJpov under, 5259, & i{sthmi to make to stand, set, place; to fix, appoint; to establish, confirm, 2476. 2/419, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

!yhla Elohim is a singular plural, Deut 6:4, universal term for God in Genesis meaning: These-are-El, These-are-God. Rabbi Bechai, in his commentary on Genesis 1:1 (p. 1, col. 2) explained that the word Elohim !yhla is compounded of two words, !h and la, that is, "These are God," thus indicating the Triune nature of God. The plural is expressed by the letter yod ( y ). It is also used when referring to pagan gods, judges, the great, the mighty, angels. Though in plural form, Elohim, like in Genesis 1:1, is treated as a singular noun, followed by a singular verb arB in which in Genesis 1:1 is the first indication of the Trinity God of the Bible: Three-in-One; thus why it is used in Deuteronomy 6:4 "Hear, O Israel! Yehovah our-Elohim, Yehovah is One!" It refers to the supreme deity, and in English versions of the Bible is inadequately rendered ĎGodí. Like its English equivalent, it is, grammatically considered, a common noun, and conveys the notion of all that belongs to the concept of deity, in contrast with man (Num 23:19) and other created beings. It is appropriate to cosmic and world-wide relationships, Genesis 1:1, because there is only one supreme and true God, and he is a Person; it approaches the character of a proper noun, while not losing its abstract and conceptual quality. Noun: masculine singular plural, 430; plural of Hwla, 433. 1/28, 26; 32/CD; 5/412/4; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD, 58/99.

hm;l][' 1) Virgin, Isaiah 7:14, Song of S. 1:3, 6:8. 2) young-woman, Exodus 2:8, Psalm 68:25, Proverbs 30:19. 3) marriageable but not married. Noun: feminine singular, 5959; from !l,[, young-man, 5958. 1/601, 5/1026, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

laeWnM;[i, lae WnM;[i Immanuel meaning God with us, a prophetic title of the Messiah, Isaiah 7:14, 8:8. Personal name applied to Jesus Christ at his birth because He was God in the flesh: Matthew 1:21-23, 6005; from WnM;[i With-us, 5973a, & lae El, God, 410, short for !yhiloa> Elohim, 430. 1/605, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

r/BGI lae El Gibbor meaning Mighty-El, Mighty-God. A designated name of God, 410a; from lae meaning El, Strong, God the mighty one, 410, & r/BGI meaning almighty, strong, valiant, 1368. Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 1/12, 130; 5/411/2, 661/2; 31/CD; 37/CD; 42/CD.

d['ybia} Father-of-Eternity. A designated name of Jesus Christ, 1a; from ba; Father, 1, and d[' eternity, everlasting, 5307. Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 1/3, 1, 587; 5/331, 308; 31/CD; 37/CD; 42/CD.

rx,nE branch, shoot; from this word we get the word Nazarite which fulfills the prophecy of Isaiah 11:1 that Matthew mentions in Matthew 2:23 that Jesus would be called a Nazarine because He was from Nazareth; Arabic to shine; to be green. Noun: masculine singular, 5342; from rx'n:, 5341, in the sense of greenness as a striking colour. Isaiah 11:1. 1/560, 5/109/10, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD, 42/CD.

hw:hy]Aj'Wr Ruach-Yehovah, Spirit-Yehovah. A Name of God and third Person of the Trinity, 7307b; from j'Wr Spirit, 7307, and hw:hoy“ Yehovah, 3068. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

yrib][i Hebrew meaning one from beyond the Jordan and Euphrates river. As an adjective: a designation of the patriarchs and the Israelites, first used in the Bible of Abraham in Genesis 14:13. Proper name masculine, 5680; from rbe[e the region beyond, 5677. 1/585, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

yuchv Soul , Hebrew vp,n<, the heart, mind and emotions of man. Manís Soul is the means by which he has self-consciousness, relationship with self. Second, it is the medium between the spirit and the body. Third, it is what man becomes and manifests through his physical body in personality, vocation, and lifestyle as a result of, one, heart response to what he has learned through his mind body, conscience, and emotions; two, through what he has received from God through his spirit; and three, as a result of those abilities and talents God has chosen to give him individually. Manís Mind an organ of the soul, is his computer by which he stores information gained through his five senses--the body, spirit, soul, conscience, heart, and emotions. Manís Heart , kardiva ó 2588, the essence of his soul, is the part of man which decides how he will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through his mind; through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit; through the promptings of his conscience; and through his emotions. It is the volitional part of man. That which animates the body in both men and animals. Noun: feminine, 5590; from yuvcw, 5594. 2/443, 5/918/4, 28/CD, 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

!D; blood. Noun, masculine singular construct, 1818; from !m'D;, 1826. Gen 9:6. !d;a;. Ezekiel 5:17. 1/151, 8; 3; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD/1818.

vp,n< soul, soul-life, self-consciousness. Manís Soul is the means by which he has self-consciousness, self-awareness, relationship with self. Second, it is the medium between the spirit and the body. Third, it is what man becomes and manifests through his physical body in personality, vocation, and lifestyle as a result of, one, heart response to what he has learned through his mind body, conscience, and emotions; two, through what he has received from God through his spirit; and three, as a result of those abilities and talents God has chosen to give him individually.The whole view of the Bible is that the life of man is his soul and that the soul itself is man himself. The two passages in the Bible Matthew 16:26 and Luke 9:25 makes this plain. Watchman Nee, in his book The Spiritual Man, comments concerning these two passages: "This signifies that the Holy Spirit is using Matthew to explain the meaning of Ďhimselfí in Luke and Luke the meaning of Ďsoulí in Matthew. Manís soul is the man himself, and vice versa."48/41 The soul is the essence of man himself, the medium between his spirit and body. The spirit has no access to the body except through the soul and then only with the soulís initiated cooperation. In the same way, the body has no access to the spirit. Manís soul is also the means by which man carries out Godís will and plan for his life. Jesus reveals his will for our lives though our spirits. The soul then decides whether it will carry it out through the body or not. The Old Testament identifies manís soul with his blood: "Only flesh with its soul, its blood, you shall not eat" (Genesis 9:4, Leviticus 17:11-14). Blood flowing through manís veins represents that he is physically alive. As long as we are physically alive and the blood is flowing, the potential of the full development of our souls, as Jesus intended, has the potential of being realized. But if murdered or our blood is shed (Gen 9:4-6) the potential of what we could have become and accomplished in Christ is destroyed. Jesus shed his blood, gave up his earthly soul-life, so that our souls might be saved. Sin takes place in the soul. Watchman Nee writes, "We should carefully note that the soul is where man expresses his free will and exerts his own mastery. The Bible therefore often records that it is the soul which sins. For example, Micah 6:7 says, Ďthe sin of my soul.í Ezekiel 18:4, 20 reads, Ďthe soul that sins.í And in the books of Leviticus and Numbers mention frequently is made that the soul sins. Why? Because it is the soul which chooses to sin."48/48-49 Because it is the soul that sins, therefore it is the soul that needs to be atoned for. Moses wrote, "You give the heave-offering of Yehovah to make atonement for your souls" (Exodus 30:15). "For the soul of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul" (See also Numbers 31:50). Isaiah 53:10-12 tells us that Jesus poured out His Soul, shed His blood, to redeem our souls. Sin also destroys the potential of the soul. This is why the writer of Proverbs states "He who commits adultery with a woman is lacking heart; he who would destroy his soul does it." (Prov 6:32). It takes discipline and self-control over oneís emotions and lusts to develop his soul-potential. Sin weakens the will (Heart) resulting in lack of discipline and self-control and thus frustrating the soul-potential or destroying it all together. Jesus, in talking about the soul, said, "If anyone wishes to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. For whoever wishes to save his soul shall lose it; but whoever loses his soul for My sake shall find it. For what will a man be profited, if he gains the whole world, and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? For the Son of Man is going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and will then recompense every man according to his doing" (Matt 16:24-27). Jesus explains clearly that our soul is developed through surrender of our lives and will to His will. To pursue our own course according to our own will leads to ultimate destruction of our soul; that is, destroys the potential of what Jesus intended. Jesus said, "It is the Spirit who creates-life126; the flesh profits nothing" (John 6:63). In Matthew 16:24-27, Jesus is also telling us that if we will not compromise in our walk with him when man shuts the door in our face through natural means, that He will Himself make sure that our soul is developed as He intended. He will make the way (Prov 29:25; 1 Pet 2:23, 4:19). The Apostle John said, "Beloved, I pray that in all respects you may prosper and be in good health, just as your soul prospers." (3 John 2). As we allow Jesus to develop our talents and abilities according to His purpose and plans for our lives, which is our soul development, there will be a market for what we have and thus financially and materially we will prosper. (Deut 30:9-10). I believe this involves the maturity of our character as well. Noun: feminine singular, 5315; from vp'n: to take a breath, refresh oneself, 5314. Gen 2:7. 1/558, 5/917/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

zwopoievw to create or make alive. Verb, 2227; from zw'on alive, 2226, and poievw to create or make alive, 4160. zw'on, 2226, & poievw, 4160. 2/182, 183, 332; 5/790/2; 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

pneu'ma 1) spirit, spiritual being such as the Holy Spirit or manís spirit capable of knowing, desiring, deciding and acting. 2) wind, breath of nostrils or mouth. 3) a spirit as in angel or demons who can possess a human being. 4) The spiritual nature of Jesus which is higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ. 5) Godís Spirit, for God is spirit, John 4:23-24. 6) The Holy Spirit, the third Person of the Trinity. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 4151; from pnevw to breathe, to blow, 4154. 1 Thess 5:23. 2/331, 5/923/5, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

!r;b]a' Avram, Abram meaning: exalted father, or father of height; original name of Abraham, 85, before the covenant of circumcision. Proper name masculine, 87; contracted from !r'ybia} father of height, 48. Genesis 17:5. 1/2, 5/9, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!h;r;b]a' Avraham, Abraham meaning: father of a great multitude, B.C. 2000, the name God gave to him after He established the covenant of circumcision and also called a prophet by God, Genesis 17:5, 20:7. He was a native of Ur of the Chaldees and son of Terah, and descended through Eber in the 9th generation from Shem the eldest son of Noah. He was also the progenitor of the Hebrews, and of several other tribes. Proper name masculine, 85; from ba; father, 1, & !h; riches. !r;b]a' Abram, 87, his original name meaning father of height or exhalted father; from ba; Father, 1, & !r;, !Wr high. Gen 17:5. 1/5, 1-2, 678-679). pr name of the son of Terah. 1/1-2, 5/8, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

aybin: Prophet: those called of God in the Old and New Testament to foretell the future; write the scriptures. 2 Peter 1:20-21; and who call men to repentance, righteousness and back into right relationship with God. Those in the Old Testament were men like Elijah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Isaiah, Jeremiah; in the New Testament John the Baptist, Jesus, Agabus, Ana and the Apostle John, and really any of the Apostles because they told the future and wrote the Scriptures and called men to repentance, righteousnes and back into right relationship with God. In the New Testament and today Prophets are also called to equip God's saints for the work of ministry, Ephesians 4:11-13 and to call men to repentance, righteousness and back into right relationship with God; they also continue to fortell future events, but never in contradiction to what is already written, Isaiah 8:20, John 8:47, Revelation 22:18-19. Todays Prophets no longer write any Scripture because the Bible is complete. A true prophet never speaks or teaches contrary to the Bible, Isaiah 8:20. A true prophet's message, if truly of God, will draw men to Jesus, not to himself, Revelation 19:10. He also acknowledges that Jesus is Yehovah God of the Old Testament in the flesh, 1 John 4:1-3, that Jesus is fully God and fully man, the only true Savior of our sins. He also teaches that Jesus is our only means of Salvation, not any works of ours, Ephesians 2:8-9, through His death and shed blood on the cross. His message will always draw men to this Jesus, no one else. If the person is truly a prophet of God, what they prophecy will come true; if it does not come true, they are not of God, Deuteronomy 18:21-22. Noun: masculine singular, 5030; from ab;n:, 5012. See Old Testament words Prophet: ; ha,ro, 7203; hz<jo, 2374; and Greek profhvth", 4396. See 1 Sam 9:9 & 1 Chronicles 29:29. 1/530, 5/780/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

lae El the shorted single form of !yhiloa>, meaning: God, the one true God: Yehovah, 3068; God the mighty one, strong; mighty men, men of rank, mighty heroes; angels; god, false god, demons, imaginations; mighty things in nature; strength, power. This word has cognate forms in other Semitic tongues, and is the general term for God in the widest sense, true or false, or even an image treated as a god as in Gen 35:2, "Put away the foreign Eloahs which are among you". Because of this general character it is frequently associated with a defining adjective or predicate. For example, in Deut 5:9 we read, "I Yehovah your-Elohim am a jealous El," or in Genesis 31:13, "the El of Bethel". Noun: masculine, 410; shortened from lyIa', 352. Gen 35:1. 1/12, 5/411/2, 32/CD; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

@wyl[ la El-Most-High. Compound name of God, 410f; from la El, 410, & @/yl[ highest, 5945. Genesis 14:18. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

H'wloa>, H'loa> Eloah meaning: God, object of worship, false god. Eloah signifies The Adorable or Worshipful One. There are about 60 occurrences of this particular name, the first of which is in Deuteronomy 32:15-17. Eloah is the plural form of Elohim. Eloah is characteristic of the Book of job, being used more often here, some 41 times, than elsewhere in the Old Testament. Generally, this distinctive divine name stands for the nature and expression of the only living and true God, the object of all testimony and worship. Noun: masculine singular, 433; probably prolonged (emphat.) from lae, . Daniel 11:37. 1/28, 26; 5/418/5; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD, 73/8-9.

Hla, ahla Elah Aramaic term for God meaning: to worship, to adore. Aramaic universal name for God or god which Daniel and Ezra used when talking about the God of the universe in the books of Daniel and Ezra to the Babylonians and Persians. The term is also applied to false gods or idols and to angels in Hebrew texts, Jer 10:11. The first occurrence of Elah is in Ezra 4:24 where it is used in connection with the work of rebuilding "the house of Elah". This divine title occurs some 90 times in the Old Testament: 43 times in Ezra, 46 times in Daniel, and once in Jeremiah 10:10. Elah indicates that the living and true God is identified with His people in captivity. We read of Daniel that, "He believed in his Elah" (6:23), and his prophecy strikingly illustrates the prophetís faith in God as Elah. The word Elah means an Oak Ė the tree symbolizing durability Ė a virtue characteristic of Him who is, everlasting, and extolled in Scripture as "The Everlasting God." Elah is the Chaldee form of Eloah, 433, which is known as a verbal noun, and is associated with the Hebrew verb alah, meaning to fear, to worship, to adore. The Adorable One. Aramac Proper Noun: masculine singular, 426; corresponding to Hwla, 433. Dan 2:18. 1/26, 5/411/3, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD, 73/8.
ahla Elah an Aramaic term for God. Noun: Aramaic masculine singular, 426b; of Hla, 426. Daniel 2:20, Matt 27:46. 31/CD, 37/CD.

hwhy Yehovah, German pronunciation Jehovah. This is the proper eternal forever name of the one and only true God given to Moses by God on Mt. Siani, Exodus 3:14, meaning I Am that I Am, the existing One, 3068; from hyh to be, exist, 1961. God says of this name of His in Exodus 3:15 "This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations." In early Jewish history, Jewish Myth decided saying Godís name was too sacred, Titus 1:13-14. Therefore when reading the Hebrew text they would substitute hwhy Yehovah with ynda Adonai meaning my-Lord, 136. As a result, later when Masoretic scholars began to supply vowel points to the consonantal text of Biblical books, they applied the vowels of yn:doa} Adonai to the consonants of hwhy resulting in the pronunciation of Yehovah, thus why this translator chooses to translate it Yehovah based on the Masoretic text so as not to lose the meaning of the text to the English reader, and to distinguish it from Adonai meaning Lord and Elohim meaning God. The Hebrew grammarian Page H. Kelley explains regarding this "If there had been no need to avoid pronouncing hwhy, it would most likely have been pointed hwhy and thus read as Yăhvěh. The curious attempt to transliterate the hybrid form hwhy as ĎYehovahí (or "Jehovah," since "y" was missing in the German language) was not made until the time of the Protestant Reformation." Many times in the Hebrew text the divine names hwhy ynda appear together meaning Adonai-Yehovah, 136a, Gen 15:2. Since in the Masoretic text it would be awkward to pronounce them together as Adonai-Adonai, Masoretic scholars chose to point hwhy Yehovah with the vowels of !yhla Elohim, 430. This results in the form hwIhoy> Yehovah, later simplified to hwhy meant to be pronounced as Elohim. This is why translators in the modern english versions translate, incorrectly and thus lose the meaning of the text, Yehovah as LORD when in the Adonai form and as GOD when in the Elohim form, and why they translate hwhy ynda Adonai Yehovah as Lord GOD. In the Greek Septuagint and in the N.T. Yehovah is expressed: Ejgwv Eijmi Ego Eimee meaning I Am, 1473a, to signify Godís name Yehovah since egwv by itself means I-am. Jesus often used this expression referring to Himself as Yehovah: John 8:24, 8:58, 13:19. From Ejgwv I, 1473, & Eijmiv to be, to exist, 1510. 1/171, 2/114, 118; 42/CD; 26/CD; 28/CD; 31/CD; 37/CD; 254/32.

rx'y: to form, fashion, mold as a potter, to squeeze into shape; figuratively to determine or form a resolution. Verb: qal third masculine singular, 3335; identical to 3334. Gen 2:7. 1/339, 5/367/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

rxy 1) form, frame, imagination, mind. 2) conception, thought, purpose, intent. noun: masculine singular, 3336; from rxy, 3335. Gen 6:5, Isaiah 26:3. 1/339, 5/367/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

rp;[; dust, earth, mould, clay, powder, ashes, ground, mortar, rubbish, debris, ore. Noun: masculine singular, 6083; from rp'[; grey or to pulverize, 6080. Genesis 2:7. 1/609, 5/276/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

hm;d;a} 1) ground, soil, land. 2) land, region, country. 3) piece of ground, property. 4) earth substance for building or construction. 5) whole inhabited earth. 6) personal name of a city Adamah, 128, in the tribe of Naphtali, Joshua 19:36. Noun: feminine singular, 127; from !dea; red, to be red, 119. Genesis 2:5. 1/7, 5/438/1, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

jp'n: Qal: to breathe, blow; followed by b blow into it; followed by Al[': tj'p'l; vae wyl;k; to blow fire upon it ó ore, for melting, so fig. and I will blow upon you with (b) the fire of my wrath. Pual: to be blown; a fire not blown by any human breath. Hiphil: to cause to breathe out; Hv;p]n" 'n she has breathed out her life of a mother; h;yl,[;B] vp,n< yTijP;ji the life of its (the land's) owners I have caused them to breathe out; /t/a !T,j]P'hiw“ and you have sniffed at it in contempt. Absolute: j'Wpn: rysi a blown, as in a well-heated, boiling, pot. Verb: 3 masculine singular, 5301. 1/556, 5/114/1, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

#a' 1) nostril as organ of breathing, nose as organ of smelling. 2) anger, #a' l['B', #a' vyai an angry man. Dual !yIP'a' 1) the nostrils. 2) meton. face, countenance; !yIP'a' hx;r]a' the face to the ground; yPea'l] at the face of, before. 3) two persons, !yIP'a'tj'a'hn;m; a portion of two persons, i. e. a double portion. 4) anger; 'a' &r,a, slow to anger, 'a' rx'q] quick to anger, impatient. Noun: masculine singular, 639; from to breath hard, i. e. be enraged angry, displeased, 599. 1/36, 5/700/1, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

hm;v;n“ breath, spirit. noun fem. sing. of mv'n: to breath, pant, 5395. Gen 2:7. 1/567, 566; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!yYIj' lives. noun masc. pl., 2416d; from yy'j; to live, life, 2416c, of yj', 2416. Gen 2:7. 1/256, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

zavw, zw', zh/'", zh/' 1) to live, to be possessed of vitality, to exercise the functions of life, Matthew 27:63. 2) to; zh'n life, Hebrews 2:15. 3) to have means of subsistence, 1 Corinthians 9:14. 4) to live, to pass existence in a specific manner, Luke 2:36. 5) to be instinct with life and vigour; hence, zw'n, living, an epithet of God, in a sense peculiar to Himself. 6) ejlpi;" zw'sa a living hope in respect of vigour and constancy, 1 Peter 1:3. 7) u{dwr zw'n, living water in respect of a full and unfailing flow, John 4:10-11. 8) to be alive with cheered and hopeful feelings, 1 Thessalonians 3:8. 9) to be alive in a state of salvation from spiritual death, 1 John 4:9. Verb: 1 person singular, 2198. 2/181, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

sw'ma 1) a living or dead physical body of both man and animals. 2) the bodies of planets and stars, heavenly bodies. 3) body of men; spiritual body, 1 Cor 15; soulish body, 1 Cor 15; mystically the body of Christ, Eph 5. 4) Of the body that casts a shadw, in contract to the skiva the thing itself, the reality, Col 2:17. Noun: neuter singular nominative, 4983; from swvzw to save, 4982. 1 Thess 5:23. 2/395, 5/102/15, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

rc;B; 1) flesh. 2) rc;B;AlK; all flesh meaning all physically living creatures of both man and animal. 3) flesh of blood relations, Gen 2:23. 4) flesh, meaning in bondage to the bodly appetites and desires, Gen 6:3. 5) flesh, meaning depending on the strength of men rather than God, Jer 17:5. 6) body of both man and animals. Manís Body is the means by which he has world-consciousness and is the means by which he relates to and communicates with the physical world through his five senses. Second, it is the means through which his soul carries out Jesusí love and plan for his life outlined in the Bible and revealed through his spirit through union with the Holy Spirit. Third, it is the means by which he gives expression of his soul-life. This is the reason for the resurrection, because our bodies are the means through which we are able to give expression of our soul life. The lost are also resurrected, and the damnation of Hell is that they are no longer able to develop or give expression of their soul-life through the body. This is what is meant by the destruction of the soul: Destruction meaning no means to develop or express their inward soul forever; absolute permanent frustration of development and expression of the soul through the body: Hell. Jesse Penn-Lewis, in his book Soul & Spirit, says the following about the constitution of man: "Tertullian, one of the Church Fathers who wrote in the early centuries of the Christian era, calls the Ďfleshíóor physical beingóĎthe body of the soulí, and the soul Ďthe vessel of the spirit.í The soul stands between the spirit and the body, for Ďdirect communication between spirit and flesh is impossible; their intercourse can be carried on only by means of a mediumíóthe soul being that medium." Noun: masculine singular, 1320; from rc'B; to anounce, declare, 1319. 1/123, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD, 52/138.

hw:hy]Arb'd] Word-of-Yehovah, Zech 12:1, referring to Jesus Christ, John 1:1. Compound name of God, 1697a; from rb;D;, 1697a, & hw:hoy“, 3068. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

pneumatikov" that which pertains to the spirit; spirit motivated, motivated and controlled through the spirit. Adjective: masculine singular nominative, 4152; pneu'ma, 4151. 1 Cor 15:44. 2/331, 5/688/5, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

yucikov" pertaining to the soul; soul motivated, motivated and controlled through the soul. Adjective: masculine singular nominative, no degree or a positive degree, 5591; from yuchv, 5590. 1 Cor 2:14. 2/443, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

sarkikov" of the flesh, flesh motivated, pertaining to the body, under the control of the flesh, motivated and controlled through the appetites and desires of the flesh. Adjective, 4559; from savrx, 4561. 2/363-364, 5/357/1, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

ajnakrivnw 1) to discern, judge. 2) question, examine. Verb, 350; from ajnav in the midst, 303, & krivnw judge, determine, 2919. 2/23, 5/257/7, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

yD'v'Alae El-Shaddai, God-Almighty; the Almighty, All-Sufficient, Omnipotent El. A compound name of God, 410c; lae El, God, 410; & yD'v' Almighty, 7706. Gen 17:1, Ezek 10:5. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

hw:hy] &a'l]m' Angel of Yehovah. These are appearances of God on earth as a man known as Theophanies. God walked with Adam and Eve in the garden. But after the fall they only heard His voice (Gen 3:8) as Cain did (4:6). Yehovah appeared to Abraham by the oak of Mamre (Gen 18). Jacob saw Him in a dream (Gen 28:10-17). God usually appeared to men in dreams exept with Abraham. In Genesis 18 Abraham bowed and worshiped the Angel of Yehovah addressing him as "Yehovah". This Angel of Yehovah said to Abraham that He was yD;v'-la, El-Shaddai, El-Almighty, God-Almighty, Genesis 17:1; thus we read in Genesis 18:17, "Yehovah said, ĎShall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do?" It is to this angel, Yehovah, that Abraham intercedes for Sodom. Thus we read in Genesis 19:24, "Then Yehovah rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Yehovah out of heaven." Here we have a clear distinction made between the visible Yehovah on earth and the invisible Yehovah in heaven. The visible Yehovah was the pre-incarnate Jesus Christ making an Old Testament appearance on earth to whom the invisible Yehovah in heaven, God the Father, committed all judgment. It was the visible Yehovah who promised Abraham and Sarah a son and that through his seed, referring to a future descendent Jesus Christ, that all the nations of the earth would be blessed. A compound name of God referring to His appearing as a man on earth in old testament times, 4397b; &a;l]m' angel, minister, 4397, & hw:hoy“ Yehovah, 3068. Gen 16:7. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!yhila>h; &a'l]m' Angel of Elohim, Angel-of-God. A compound name of God, 4397a; from &a;l]m' angel, minister, 4397, & !yhiloa> God, 430. Exodus 14:19. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

pa'", pa'sa, pa'n 1) all. 2) in the singular all, the whole, usually when the substantive has the article, Matt 6:29, 8:32; Acts 19:26. 3) without the article everyone without exception, Matt 3:10, 4:4; Luke 16:16, Col 1:17. 4) plural all, Matt 1:17. 5) pavnta in all respects, Acts 20:35, 1 Cor 9:25, 10:33, 11:2. 6) by a Hebraism, a negative with pa'" is sometimes equivalent to oujdeiv" or mhdeiv", Matt 24:22; Luke 1:37; Acts 10:14; Rom 3:20; 1 Cor 1:29, Eph 4:29. Adjective: masculine singular nominative, 3956. 2/311, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

!Egwv Eijmi I Am, Jesus declaring that he is Yehovah, hw:hoy“, 3068, the God of Moses, using the Greek Septuagint form for Yehovah. Godís name given to Moses on Mt. Siani in Exodus 3:14, 1473a; from Ejgwv I, 1473, & Eijmiv to be, to exist, 1510. John 8:24. 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

bt'K; 1) Qal: to engrave, inscribe, write in, write on; to write down, describe in writing; to register, enrol, record; to decree. tholu !ybituK] tablets inscribed by the finger of God; !h,yreb][, ynEV]mi bt'K; l tablets inscribed on both sides; more often engrave something on, or in (-l[', b], -la,) a tablet, roll, book, etc. !B;li-l[' bt'K; I will engrave them upon their heart. 2) Niphal: to be engraved, written; to be written down, be recorded, be enrolled. 3) Piel: to continue engraving, writing. Verb: masculine singular, 3789, primitive root. 1/397, 5/1077/1, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!yhila> j'Wr Ruach-Elohim, Spirit-Elohim. A Name of God and third Person of the Trinity, 7307a; from j'Wr, 7307, and !yhiloa> Elohim, 430. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

yn:doa} Adonai meaning: the Lord, Lord, my-Lord; title spoken in place of or referring to Yehovah. Proper name masculine 1st person singular or plural or possessive with the possessive pronoun being neglected. Sometimes regarded as an adjective termination meaning ruling, governing to explain for example yD'v'Ayn"doa} Adonai-Shaddai meaning: Lord-Almighty, 136; an emphatic form of @wdoa; lord, master, firm, strong, 113; and from @WD & @yDi to rule, govern, 1777. 1/147-148; 5/617/2; 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

arB to create, form make. Niphal: 1) to be created. 2) to be born. Piel: 1) to cut, cut down. 2) form, fashion. Hiphil: 1) to feed, fatten, make oneself fat. Verb, 3rd person masculine singular, 1254. Gen 1:1. 1/113, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!yhila> hw:hy] Yehovah-Elohim. A compound name of God meaning: Yehovah-God. Name of God, 3068a; from 3068 and 430. Genesis 2:4, 7. 1/171, 28, 26; 31/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

alP 1) Wonderful a designated name of Jesus in Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 2) Something Wonderful, a miracle; anything wonderful or singular; hard to be understood, Godís dealings with His people; the testimonies of the Law. Noun: masculine singular, 6382. Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 1/625, 5/1067/3, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

$[wy Counselor, a designated name of God, Isaiah 9:6. Verb: qal participle, active masculine singular, 3289a; $[y, 3289. Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 1/332, 5/205/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

r/BG la El Gibbor meaning: El-Almighty, God-Almighty. A designated name of God, 410a; from la meaning El, Strong, God the mighty one, 410, & r/BG meaning almighty, strong, valiant, 1368. Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 1/12, 130; 5/411/2, 661/2; 31/CD; 37/CD; 42/CD.

!wlv;Arc' Prince-of-Peace. A designated name of God, 8269a; compound name: rvo prince, 8269, and !wlov; Peace, 7965. Isaiah 9:6 (9:5). 1/739, 717; 5/776/15, 736/2; 31/CD; 37/CD; 42/CD.

[Wv/hy, [v/hy Yeshua, Yehoshua or Yoshua (Joshua) meaning Yehovah is Savior. 1) Joshua the son of Nun of the tribe of Ephraim and successor to Moses as the leader of the children of Israel who also led the conquest of Canaan into the promised land. 2) a resident of Beth-shemesh on whose land the Ark of the Covenant came to a stop after the Philistines returned it. 3) son of Jehozadak and high priest after the restoration. 4) governor of Jerusalem under king Josiah who gave his name to a gate of the city of Jerusalem. Personal Noun: masculine singular, 3091; from h/hy Yehovah, 3068 and [vy to save, 3467. 1/172, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

etoimasia, a", h 1) preparation. 2) preparedness, readiness, Eph 6:15. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 2091; from etoimazw to make ready, prepare, 2090. 2/171, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

ha;r]m' 1) vision, as a means of revelation. 2) mirror. Noun: feminine singular, 4759; from ha,r]m' a seeing, looking, 4758. Exodus 38:8. 1/670, 5/1027/7, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!/lj} a dream. n. masc. sing. dec 1a. Num 12:6. !l'j;. 1/259, 260-261.

@wOzj; vision, revelation (yz'/j seer, ); vision: in ecstatic state, in night; vision, oracle, prophecy in divine communication; vision as title of book of prophecy. Noun: masculine singular, 2377; from hz:j;, 2372. Daniel 1:17. 1/252, 5/1026/2, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

ble 1) heart which is the essence of his soul, it is the part of man which decides how he will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through his mind; through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit; through the promptings of his conscience; and through his emotions. It is the volitional part of man. Manís Heart is the reality of manís soul. It is man himself who listens to his spirit: conscience, gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit and Godís revelation through communion; which searches out its library: memory, knowledge and past experience in the mind; and to the information gained through the five senses of his body and then decides independently of this information gained through all these avenues what it will follow or do. The Bible defines the heart as the volition of man. There are four functions of manís soul which are manifested through manís heart because they are all centered in manís volition: conscious reasoning, subconscious holdings, the soul-expression, and God-implanted giftedness. The conscious part of manís being is where reasoning takes place, for it takes an act of the will to reason (Mk 2:6, 2:8; Lk 5:22). Our self-consciousness is the very evidence of the existence of our soul. The Greek word that best describes the conscious aspect of manís constitution is nou'". Vine defines nous as ". . the seat of reflective consciousness, comprising the faculties of perception and understanding and those of feelings, judging, determining," 26/CD. Mark records in the Gospel of Mark that after Jesus forgave the sins of the paralytic, the scribes begin to argue among themselves as to how a man could have authority to forgive sins: "And immediately Jesus, aware in His spirit that they were reasoning that way within themselves, said to them, "Why are you reasoning about these things in your hearts?" Mark 2:8. The subconscious part of manís being is where basic presuppositions, decisions made, and talents are stored or implanted as a result of volitional decisions made through conscious reasoning and God implanted giftedness. It is also the root of soul-expression (1 Cor 14:25, Prov 27:19). The word t/yl;K] (kelayoth in Hebrew in the Old Testament and nefroiv (nephroi) in Greek in the New Testament translated reins are the words used to describe the subconscious aspect of manís constitution. "I, Yehovah, search the heart, I test the reins, even to give to each man according to his ways, according to the results of his deeds," Jer 17:10. ". . . and all the churches will know that I am He [Jesus] who searches the reins and hearts; and I will give to each one of you according to your deeds," Rev 2:23. David Cairns in his book, The Image of God in Man, defines this word as meaning ". . . where motive, or that which is known to God but hidden to man," 46/34. Lawrence J. Crabb in his book, Effective Biblical Counseling, defining what he calls the unconscious mind states that it is ". . . the reservoir of basic assumptions which people firmly and emotionally hold about how to meet their needs of significanceand security," 47/91. When God commanded Moses to build a tabernacle he told him he would implant in the heart of certain individuals abilities and skills required to do the work of art necessary: "And in the hearts of all who are wise of heart I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded you" (Exodus 31:6). Why is it that we can intellectually have an understanding of something in theory but cannot perfect it in physical practice where as someone else can? Because the ability to exercise our heart in that skill has not been given to us by God. If, however, God chooses, He can enlarge the capacity of our heart to be able to exercise skills we have not been able to do before. In a dream, in 1 Kings 3:5, God said to Solomon, "Ask what you wish me to give you." Solomon said to God in reply, "Give Your servant a hearing heart to judge Your people to discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?" 1 Kings 3:9. God states in reply, "Behold, I have given you a wise and discerning heart, so that there has been no one like you before you, nor shall one like you arise after you," 1 Kings 3:12. Later the writer of 1 Kings tells us, "Now Elohim gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and largeness of heart, like the sand that is on the seashore. And Solomonís wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt," 1 Kings 4:29-30. 2) middle, midst, inner part. Noun: masculine singular, 3820; a form of bb;le heart, understanding, 3824. 1/406, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

hb;v;j}m', tb,v,j}m' 1) thought, counsel. 2) device, plan, design, project, purpose. 3) work of art or skill, invention. Noun: feminine singular, 4284; from bv'j; to think, plan, devise, 2803. 1/278, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

!yliBih] to be vain, foolish. pl. absolute. state. Jer 23:16. lib,h,. 1/163.

hgh Qal 1) to murmur applied to the cooing of doves, the lamenting or sighing of men, the growling of the lion over his prey. 2) poet: to utter, speak. 3) to meditate, Joshua 1:8. Pual: to utter, speak, Isaiah 59:13. Hiphil: to mutter, spoken of enchanters, Isaiah 8:19. Verb: 3rd masculine singular, 1897. 1/165, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

dja feminine tja 1) one. 2) first, only in the enumerating of time, where the cardinal stands for the ordinal, vdjl djaB on the first (day) of the month; tnv tja the first year. 3) some one, any one; dja ![h one of the people, wyjam dja one of his brethren, dja @ya, al no one. Hence 4) as the indefinite article, dja lya a ram, dja aybn a prophet, a certain prophet. 5) dja-dja one-another; vya dja vya hFml dja one man from each tribe. 6) djaK, tjaK as one, together, at once. 6) feminine tja, tjaB one time, once; tjaB at once. Plural !ydja the same; joined into one; a few. Adjective: masculine singular, 259; a numeral from dja to unite oneself, 258. Gen 1:5. 1/17, 5/716/1, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

hYj life, living creature. Noun: fem. sing of masc, 2416b; from yj, 2416. Gen 2:7. 1/256, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.

epiqumia, as, h epithumia means with-authority-and-strong-passion-to-rush-against 1) irregular or violent desire, cupidity, lust. compound word epi upon, over, of authority, 1909, & qumo" to rush, strong passion & emotion, 2372. 2) earnest desire. 3) specially impure desire, lust. 4) metaphorically: the object of desire, what enkindles desire. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 1939; from epiqumew to desire, long for, 1937. 2/156, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

zwhv 1) spiritual life of deliverance from spiritual death, qavnato", 2288, the penalty of sin, John 6:51. 2) life, living existence, Luke 16:25, Acts 17:25. 3) the final life of the redeemed, Matthew 25:46. 4) life, source of spiritual life, Jesus, John 5:39, 11:25, Col 3:4, 1 John 1:2. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 2222; from zavw to live, breathe, be among the living, 2198. 2/181, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

bivo", ou, oJ 1) Biological-physical-life. 2) the means of sustaining biological-physical life. 3) the present state of existence, thus also livelihood, possessions, sustenance, maintenance, substance, goods. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 979. 2/70, 4/122, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

filew phileo 1) to manifest some act or token of kindness or affection. 2) to kiss, Matthew 26:48, Mark 14:44, Luke 22:47. 3) to love, regard with affection, have affection for, Matthew 10:37, John 5:20. 4) to like, be fond of, delight in a thing, Matthew 23:6, Revelation 22:15. 5) to cherish inordinately, set store by, John 12:25. 6) followed by an infinitive: to be inclined toward. Verb: 1 person singular, 5368; from filo" friend, 5384. 2/426, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

agaph agape 1) love, generosity, kindly concern, devotedness, effection, good will. 2) plural: love-feasts, Jude 12. Noun: feminine singular nominative & dative, 26; from agapaw to love, 25. 2/2, 5/622/5, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.

energh", eo", ou", o, h energetically-effective. Adjective: masculine singular nominative, 1756; from en in, 1722, & ergon deed, work, action. Heb 4:12. 2/139, 5/766/2, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD/1756, 1722, 2041.