Bible Internet
Quick References


 CONTENTS TOPICAL  SCRIP  ORDER BOOKS HOME AUTHOR CONTACT


Table of
Contents

Bibliography & Notes

Topical Scriptures
Basic Evangelism Training
Advanced Evangelism Training

Concerning Donations

1 Corinthians 9:11
"If we sowed spiritual things in you, is it too much if we should reap material things from you?"


www.layevangelism.com

 INTERNET QUICK REFERENCE  

















Quick Reference Home Page
Doctrinal Contents

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Anthropology:
The Creation, Constitution
& Fall of Man

A Doctrinal Statement About MAN

Man, unlike all other living creatures, is created in Godís image meaning 1) like God, Man is a trinity. Each Man is one man of one essence but is composed of a trinity of spirit & soul & body. Manís spirit is his God consciousness and how he is able to have a relationship with God and receive from God. Manís soul is His self-consciousness and how man is able to relate to and have a relationship with himself. Manís body is his world-consciousness and how he is able to relate to and carry out Godís will in the physical world. Godís created order for Man is spirit, soul, then body. Godís intent for man was for him to receive His will by the Holy Spirit through his human spirit and then choose with his soul to carry out Godís revealed will through his human body. Like God, man has intellect, emotions and will which are organs of his soul, his self. Through his human spirit, Man has God consciousness and has freedom of will in his soul to choose whether to have a relationship with God or not. 3) Third, man was created with the moral righteousness of God ruling over himself. However, this was lost in the fall through Adam and Eve choosing to act out of the initiative of their soul: their intellect and feelings, and through their flesh: their appetite and desires instead of by the Holy Spiritís initiative, first, through their human spirit. This resulted in their being severed from God Spiritually. The end result is that man is now ruled over by his soul and flesh alone. Because of Adam and Eveís original sin and since the fall all men and women are born into this world with the consequences of original sin which is that they are born soulishly and physically alive but spiritually dead. This means that while their human spirit still exists, its function no longer exists: they are no longer able to have a relationship with Godómeaning to be able to receive from God by the Holy Spirit through their human spirit which is what we mean by all men being born into the world with original sin or with the consequences of original sin. Since the Bible defines sin as anything we do without Godís initiative first, since God only accepts what is initiated by His Holy Spirit through manís human spirit, and since manís spirit is no longer functional and since everything man now does originates out of his soul: his intellect and feelings, and his flesh: his appetite and desires, anything man does is sin and not acceptable to God whether good or bad and is why man cannot save himself and is what we mean by all unregenerate men being in total depravity. Until he is bornagain, this is who man is and his condition from birth.

Manís Creation

Moses, in Genesis 2:7 gives the following account of the creation of man:

"Then Yehovah Elohim formed Adam of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the spirit of lives; and Adam became a living soul."378

In this verse Moses tells us how God created Man: First, He formed manís body from the dust of the earth. Second, God breathed into man not just life but the spirit of lives. The noun is plural lives375 not life.374 When manís living spirit combined with the body, the body came to life and a self-conscious living soul was created. Thus, man has three kinds of life: a living spirit, a living soul and a living physical body. Paul wrote in 1 Thessalonians 5:23 "Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ."

Manís Spirit 372, 373 is the means by which he has God-consciousness and is able to communicate with and have relationship with God. It is also the means by which man receives Godís will and plan for his life. Finally, it is the vehicle through which spiritual gifts are given and manifested. (1 Cor 2:10-15)

Manís Soul 377, 370 is the means by which he has self-consciousness and is what man becomes and manifests through his physical body in personality, vocation, and life style as a result of heart response to, one, what he has learned through his mind, body, conscience, and emotions; two, through what he has received from God through his spirit; and three, as a result of those abilities and talents God has chosen to give him individually.379 This is the reason for the resurrection: so man can continue to give expression of his soul-life through his body. In hell one continues to have self-consciousness, but opportunity to give expression of that soul-life is forever ceased which is what is meant by the destruction of the soul: no means to develop or give expression of the soul-life.

Manís Body380, 381 is the means by which he has world-consciousness and is the means by which he relates to and communicates with the physical world through his five senses. Second, it is the means through which his soul carries out Jesusí love and plan for his life outlined in the Bible and revealed by the Holy Spirit through his human spirit.

Jesse Penn-Lewis, in her book Soul & Spirit, says the following about the constitution of man:

"Tertullian, one of the Church Fathers who wrote in the early centuries of the Christian era, calls the Ďfleshíóor physical beingóĎthe body of the soulí, and the soul Ďthe vessel of the spirit.í The soul stands between the spirit and the body, for Ďdirect communication between spirit and flesh is impossible; their intercourse can be carried on only by means of a mediumíóthe soul being that medium."52/138

Manís Soul is the medium between the spiritual and the physical world. Man receives information in his soul from both the spiritual and the physical world, but it is the soul that decides how it is going to use that information. Neither the spiritual realm nor the physical realm can make man do anything. It is manís soul which chooses his destiny.

This is what Jesus was talking about in Matthew 16:24-25 when he said:

"If anyone wishes to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. For whoever wishes to save his soul shall lose it; but whoever loses his soul for My sake shall find it. For what will a man be profited, if he gains the whole world, and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?"

Jesus tells us in this passage that if we insist on hanging onto our soul-life: our purpose, vocation and destiny in life, we will lose our souls. This means that we will never know the purpose, vocation and destiny in life Jesus created us to have. The person who rejects Jesus as Lord of his life and destiny, when he dies, will go into eternity never knowing who he really was. He will lose the soul-life Jesus intended for him to have and will forever lose any means of expressing and carrying out the soul-life he wanted to have. This is because Jesus is our source of life, existence and this world and all we enjoy in this world.

Jesus gives us 70 years to decide whether we want to have relationship with Him or not. Because He gives us the freedom of choice as to whether to have relationship with Him or not, if we reject Him until we die, He then honors our choice of rejection of Him and separates Himself and all He would have given to us if we chose relationship with Him. The problem, though, is that He is our source of life and all that is. Therefore to be separated from Him is to be separated from everything that is. All that is left is our self-conscious awareness of existence in a fiery black darkness forever with no possible means of ever being able to develop, express or fulfill our soul desires again because without Jesus there is no means because He is the means.

Jesus created man dependent on three kinds of life that are recorded in the First Epistle of John 3:14-17.

"We know that we have passed out of spiritual-death into spiritual-life353, because we love the brethren. He who does not love abides in spiritual-death. Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal spiritual-life abiding in him. We know love by this, that He laid down His soul370 for us; and we ought to lay down our souls for the brethren. But whoever has the biological-means-of-life,371 and beholds his brother in need and closes his heart against him, how does the love of God abide in him?"

These three kinds of life are the following:

1. Zoe: zwh;353 which is spiritual life. This is the life of our Spirit. Jesus is spiritual-life382 and the source of nourishment for our spirit. To cut off Jesus is to cut off the means of feeding and keeping our spirits alive spiritually. Jesus said,

"Do not work for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal spiritual-life, which the Son of Man shall give to you, for on Him God the Father has set His seal." (John 6:27)

2. Psyche: yuchv 370 which is the life of the soul. Our soul is alive when it has the means to express and carry out the talents, abilities, desires and gifts God gave us. If a person is not provided with what is necessary to develop and express the soul life God has called him to, he will go into complete frustration and anger and break down. Now You understand the plight of the ghettos. A person must have the means to develop and express the soul-life God has called him to, to be happy and healthy. When a person is killed physically, the potential for what his soul life might have been in this world is brought to a halt, destroyed. Jesus gave up his soul, his earthly life, as well as his physical life for us on the cross to save us and so we could have the means eternally to express and carry out the soul-life He has for us.

3. Bio: bivo371 which is the means to sustain biological, physical life. This is the life of our physical body. If you stop feeding your body biological food, your body will die.

Moses gives us further insight into the creation of man in Genesis 1:26-27

"Then Elohim said, Let Us make man in Our image383, according to Our likeness336; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth. And Elohim created man in His own image, in the image of Elohim He created him; male384 and female385 He created them."

In this passage, Moses tells us many things about man:

  1. First, man was created in Godís image and according to His likeness.

  2. Second, God created man to rule over the created creatures of the earth and to subdue the earth.

  3. Third, God created Man male and female.

  4. Fourth, God created man to have children and fill the earth.

First, in this passage, Moses tells us that not only did God create man a spirit, soul and body, but that He created man in His own image and according to His likeness. This means many things. First, the Bible teaches us that God is Spirit. Jesus said in John 4:24, "God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth." God created us a spirit, soul and body, we have a living spirit like God.

Second the Bible teaches us that Godís spirit is invisible to us. The Apostle John wrote in John 1:18, "No one has seen God at any time; the only-begotten God, who is in the bosom of the Father, that one has revealed Him." Godís true self is invisible to us. What we know about God we know through the incarnation of His Son Jesus Christ and through His Word the Bible. Our true self, our spirit, is also invisible to us. Only in the spiritual realm can we see our true self. In this physical life our true self is hidden from us and from others.

Finally, Paul teaches us in 1 Timothy 1:17 that God is immortal: "Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever, Amen." Our spirit and soul are also immortal. In this sense we are created in Godís image with one difference: While we had a beginning, God had no beginning but is eternal as well as immortal. When God created us, He created us to live forever.

Second, being created in Godís image means that manís inner constitution operates the same way Godís does with two differences: Godís is infinite and manís is finite, and Godís is independent but man is dependent on God. This is why we are able to communicate with and have a relationship with God because our inward workings are the same as His. Just as God has intellect, emotion and will, so we have intellect, emotion and will.

Third, being created in Godís image also means that like God man is a trinity. There is only one true God from eternity past of one essence manifested in three Persons: the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit (Is 43:10-11, Matt 28:19). A created human being is a trinity of spirit and soul and body. Godís nature is infinite, but manís is finite and dependent on God. There is only one God. Man is a created creature of God and will never be God as Isaiah 43:10-11 clearly brings out,

"ĎYou are My witnesses,í declares Yehovah, ĎAnd My servant whom I have chosen, in order that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He. Before Me there was no El formed, and there will be none after Me. I, even I, am Yehovah; and there is no Savior besides Me.í"

Fourth, being created in Godís image means man was created with the moral righteousness of God ruling over him through his spirit. Watchman Nee in His book The Latent Power of the Soul explains what this means:

"The words Ďimageí and Ďlikenessí may seem to be alike in meaning and may therefore appear repetitious. But in Hebrew the word Ďimageí does not point to physical likeness, rather it denotes moral or spiritual similarity. Someone has put it as: Ďchange into likenessí; that is, Ďto be conformed to a likenessí The purpose in God creating man is for man to be transformed according to His image, God wanted Adam to be like Him." 74/18

The Apostle Paul confirms this in Ephesians 4:24 when talking about what takes place in the born again experience of a Christian. He writes, "and put on the new man, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth." To be created in Godís Image means to be created in the image of His moral righteousness. The reason why Adam and Eve were able to have perfect unhindered fellowship with God was because they were ruled by the moral righteousness of God through their spirits; but it also means that God created man with a free will which meant if he so chose he could rebel against God and sever his relationship with God.

To be ruled by the moral righteousness of God means to be motivated and controlled by the Holy Spirit through oneís human spirit367 rather than by oneís soul,359 through oneís intellect and feelings; or flesh,386 through oneís physical lusts and desires. The Apostle Paul describes this clearly in 1 Corinthians 2:9-15 and 3:1-3,

"But just as it is written, ĎThings which eye has not seen and ear has not heard, and which have not entered the heart of man, all that God has prepared for those who love Him.í For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the spirit of the man, which is in him? Even so the thoughts of God no one knows except the Spirit of God. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things freely given to us by God, which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual thoughts with spiritual words. But a man who is motivated-and-controlled-through-his-soul359 does not accept the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are discerned387 through the spirit. But he who is motivated-and-controlled-through-his-spirit367 discerns all things, yet he himself is discerned by no man."

"And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to men motivated-and-controlled-through-his-spirit, but as to men motivated-and- controlled-through-his-flesh,386 as to babes in Christ. I gave you milk to drink, not solid food; for you were not yet able to receive it. Indeed, even now you are not yet able, for you are still motivated-and-controlled-through-the-flesh. For since there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not motivated-and-controlled-through-the-flesh, and are you not walking like mere men?"

Jude also talks about this in Jude 1:19, "These are the ones who cause divisions, motivated-and-controlled-through-their-soul, devoid of Spirit." When a congregation of believers is allowing themselves to be motivated and controlled by the Holy Spirit through their human spirits there is unity. This is because Jesus does not work against Himself. "Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty." (2 Cor. 3:17).

This is why the secular humanistic Freudian approach to psychology is dangerous and in error; it only focuses on manís soul and body and completely ignores the spiritual aspect of man. It is in error because it focuses on Man period. All of manís problems center in what he allows to be the motivating factor in His life: God through his human spirit, or manís soul or his flesh. God never intended for man to be motivated and con-trolled through his soul or flesh but by the Holy Spirit through his human spirit. He also intended for his ministers to only lead and teach by His counsel by the Holy Spirit through their Human spirit.

"ĎWoe to the rebellious children,í declares Yehovah,298 ĎWho execute a plan, but not Mine, and make an alliance, but not of My Spirit, in order to add sin to sin.í" (Isaiah 30:1)

"But if they had stood in My council, then they would have announced My words to My people, and would have turned them back from their evil way and from the evil of their deeds." (Jer 23:22)

"ĎHas a nation changed els [gods], when they were not els? But My people have changed their glory for that which does not profit. Be appalled, O heavens, at this, and shudder, be very desolate,í declares Yehovah. ĎFor My people have committed two evils: they have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters, to hew for themselves cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water. . . . Your own wickedness will correct you, and your apostasies will reprove you; know therefore and see that it is evil and bitter for you to forsake Yehovah-your-Elohim, and the dread of Me is not in you,í declares Adonai [Lord]-Yehovah-of-hosts.388" (Jer 2:11-13, 19)

Second, God created man to rule over the created creatures of the earth and to subdue the earth. The Bible plainly tells us that man is superior and in authority over all other creatures on the earth. The Bible also states that God has given man rule over the elements of the earth. But note what Godís intention is in this rule in Genesis 2:15, "Then Yehovah Elohim297 took the man and put him into the garden of Eden390 to cultivate479 it and keep it." Godís intended rule for man over the earth was not to abuse and pollute it, but to cultivate and keep it.

Third, God created man male392 and female.385 Note that the term Man378 in the Bible is a neutral term. The term Man is neither male nor female but both. The term Man in the Bible is the name given to the human race of males and females. So when a Christian talks about man in the Biblical sense, he means both male and female, the whole human race.

Fourth, God created man to have children and fill the earth. God so created us that we are able to take part in his creating us: the conceiving and bearing of children. But did God create sex for the bearing of children? What does the Bible say? We read in Genesis 2:18, 21-25,

"And Yehovah Elohim said, ĎIt is not good, Adam being alone; I will make a helper corresponding to him.í . . . And Yehovah Elohim caused a deep sleep to fall on the man, and he slept. And He took one of his ribs392 and closed up the flesh underneath. And Yehovah Elohim constructed the rib which He had taken from Adam into a woman, and brought her into Adam. And Adam said, ĎThis now at last is bone from my bones, and flesh from my flesh! For this shall be called woman393, because this has been taken out of man.í Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and shall cleave to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and they were not ashamed."

God first created man and woman for their enjoyment together. God is not against sex, He created it, but only between a man and a woman and then only as husband and wife in marriage. Children, the result of sex, are a secondary intention in the act of sex. Sex is God giving husband and wife a means of oneness in the greatest physical way for a man and woman to meet, "... and they shall become one flesh." The Bible teaches us that the act of sexual intercourse makes the man and the woman one flesh, no longer two. This is why the Apostle Paul admonishes us in 1 Corinthians 6:15-16,

"Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take away the members of Christ and make them members of a harlot? May it never be! Or do you not know that the one who joins himself to a harlot is one body with her? For He says, ĎThe two will become one flesh.í"

Sex in any other context except between a husband and wife, meaning between a man and a woman in marriage, is clearly condemned in the Bible.394

Adultery

"If there is a man who commits adultery with another manís wife, one who commits adultery with his friendís wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death. If there is a man who lies with his fatherís wife, he has uncovered his fatherís nakedness; both of them shall surely be put to death, their bloodguiltiness is upon them. If there is a man who lies with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall surely be put to death; they have committed incest, their bloodguiltiness is upon them." (Lev 20:10-12)

"If there is a man who lies with his uncleís wife he has uncovered his uncleís nakedness; they shall bear their sin. They shall die childless. If there is a man who takes his brotherís wife, it is abhorrent; he has uncovered his brotherís nakedness. They shall be childless." (Lev 20:20-21)

Bestiality

"If there is a man who lies with an animal, he shall surely be put to death; you shall also kill the animal. If there is a woman who approaches any animal to mate with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them." (Lev 20:15-16)

Homosexuality

"You shall not lie with a male as one lies with a female; it is an abomination." (Lev 18:22)

"If there is a man who lies with a male as those who lie with a woman, both of them have committed a detestable act; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them." (Lev 20:13)

Marriage

"If there is a man who marries a woman and her mother, it is immorality; both he and they shall be burned with fire, that there may be no immorality in your midst." (Lev 20:14)

*Nakedness

"If there is a man who takes his sister, his fatherís daughter or his motherís daughter, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace; and they shall be cut off in the sight of the sons of their people. He has uncovered his sisterís nakedness; he bears his guilt." (Lev 20:17)

"You shall also not uncover the nakedness of your motherís sister or of your fatherís sister, for such a one has made naked his blood relative; they shall bear their guilt." (Lev 20:19)

"But this is Old Testament stuff!"

Is it? What does the New Testament say on the subject? Jesus said the following:

"But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and those defile the man. For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders. These are the things which defile the man." (Matt 15:18-20).

In Evangelism on the field I have had people say to me that there is nothing in the Old Testament which teaches you cannot live and have sex with someone outside the bounds of marriage. What does the Old Testament teach on the subject? Exodus 22:16 states the following: "And if a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife." The Bible is clear, if you lie with a virgin, you must marry her, take her as your wife. Others will say that what Moses means here is only if they are not engaged. This is not what Moses is saying. In Hebrew Culture to be engaged was the same as marriage except for the consummation of the marriage: sexual intercourse. If a woman was engaged, she was to be treated the same as a married woman having sex with someone other than her spouse. The penalty for both consenting parties was death by stoning (Lev 20:10). Exodus 20:14, number 5 of the 10 commandments, states the following, "You shall not commit adultery."480

The word in the Hebrew for seduce is hT,p'y (yfatei) meaning "to entice or seduce."395 the words in Hebrew for virgin are hl;WtB] (bathoolah)396 and hm;l][' (almah).396 Both mean: a girl or woman who has never had sexual intercourse. The word almah is the word used in Isaiah 7:14: "Therefore Yehovah Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel." The Apostle Matthew in the Gospel of Matthew Chapter 1 tells us that this prophecy was fulfilled in the person of Jesus Christ of Nazareth through the virgin Mary. Some scholars have tried to tell us that almah is not referring to a virgin but to a maid. This is easily cleared up by going to the Greek Septuagent,6/842 a translation of the Bible into Greek that was done by 70 Hebrew scribes (Septuagint means 70) around 250 B.C.6/Preface These Hebrew scribes translated the word almah into the Greek word parqevno" (parthenos).397 This is the same word Matthew uses in Matthew 1:23. The word means: a girl or woman who has never had sexual intercourse, a virgin. The Hebrew translators of the Septuagint and Matthew understood the Hebrew Word almah to mean a virgin, a girl or woman who has never had sexual intercourse.34/145-146

Matthew records in the book of Matthew that when Joseph found that Mary was pregnant with child that he sought to put her away. He sought to put her away because he had not had sexual relations with Mary and therefore knew the child was not his. As he was contemplating this Matthew tells us that an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and told him to not be afraid to take Mary as his wife because she was not pregnant because she had committed fornication with another man, but that her conception was through the Holy Spirit. As a result not only did Joseph take Mary as his wife, but kept her a virgin, did not have sexual intercourse with her, consummate the marriage, until after Jesus was born (Matt 1:24-25).

What is the point of all this? Moses in Exodus 22:16 tells us plainly that if you have intercourse with a woman you are to marry her. She is now your wife. Joseph did not have relations with Mary until after they were married and he did not have sexual intercourse with her before they were married. That was why he was going to put her away because he knew he had not had sex with her so the child had to be someone elseís.

There are two words in the Greek used concerning sexual sin: They are porneuvw (porneuo) Meaning fornication340 and moicov" (moikos) meaning adultery.399 The Greek word porneuo is the word we get pornography from. Fornication is sexual perversion of any kind between two people outside of a man and woman having sex in the bonds of marriage. Adultery is a married person having sexual intercourse with someone other than their spouse. Exodus 20:14 quoted above is one of the Ten commandments and clearly condemns adultery. Fornication is clearly condemned in Exodus 22:16. It states clearly that if you have sex with someone out side of the bounds of marriage you are to marry them. She is now Your wife. The new Testament also makes it very plain that these two practices are not only wrong, but if not repented of400 will lead to hell. Key passages are the following:

"Or do you not know that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, shall inherit the kingdom of God." (1 Cor 6:9-10)

"For this you know with certainty, that no fornicator or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience." (Eph 5:5-6, see also Galatians 5:19-21)

"Let marriage be held in honor among all; and let the marriage bed be undefiled; for fornicators and adulterers God will judge." (Hebrews 13:4).

"For you know what commandments we gave you by the authority of the Lord Jesus. For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that is, that you abstain from sexual immorality, that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God; and that no man transgress and defraud his brother in the matter because the Lord is the avenger in all these things, just as we also told you before and solemnly warned you." (1 Thess 4:2-6)

"For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a certain terrifying expectation of judgment, and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries." (Hebrews 10:26)

The Bible clearly condemns any kind of sexual intercourse other than that which is between a married man and woman; but, Inside of Marriage the playground is free. Enjoy.

The Fall of Man

Godís intent for man was that his soul was to be motivated and controlled by the Holy Spirit through his human spirit, not through his soul, his intellect and feelings, or through his body, his appetites and desires. When we are ruled by the Holy Spirit through our human spirit, we are motivated and controlled and walking in the moral righteousness of God.

It was because Adam and Eve were created in Godís image, ruled by the Holy Spirit through their human spirit, that they were able to walk with God in the garden and have fellowship with Him. There was no moral unrighteousness in them, no disobedience or rebellion to prevent this pure holy relationship with God.

What does this all mean? It means that there was a time in History when there was no evil in man. There was a time in history when man was not divided in his soul: good and evil promptings. More importantly, this means that what man is today is not normal. Death is not normal. Before Adam and Eve sinned, there was no death in the world, in man or in the animal kingdom. Death is the result of Adam and Eveís sin. This means also that because there was no death in the world that there were no fossils before the Fall of man. Fossils are the result of manís sin and Godís judgment of man through the universal cataclysmic Flood taught in Genesis. We are not what God originally created us to be. The evil and death we see in the world is not what God originally intended.

If God created man in His image, which meant that man was perfectly holy as God is, what happened to man that destroyed his relationship with God and produced the evil side of his soul? Being created in Godís image involved a second factor: It involved man having a free will to choose whether he wanted to have relationship with God or not. Having relationship with God means allowing God to rule over us which means choosing to walk in obedience to God. When God created man He created man as a free will agent who had the ability to choose to have relationship with God by choosing to obey Him or by choosing not to have relationship with God by choosing to disobey Him. This was the significance of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden. Genesis 2:16-17 states,

"And Yehovah Elohim commanded the man, saying, you may eat from any tree of the garden for eating; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it dying, you shall die."

The expression "dying you shall die" meant that if they ate of this tree they would instantly experience spiritual deathóseparation from God; and then secondly, as a result of this separation, death of the body through slow corruption as well. While food prolongs our physical life in our state of corruption, only the life of Jesus can sustain our physical life forever. Physical death would then automatically lead to the death of the soul since it is only through our physical body that we are able to give our soulís expression which is why the promise of the resurrection.

Was there something different about this tree from the other trees in the Garden of Eden? We do not know. What do we know? We know that God did not want man to be ruled by his soul or by his body. God wanted man to choose through his soul to be ruled over by Him through the promptings of the Holy Spirit through his human spirit. We know that God wanted man to have the freedom to choose as to whether he wanted Him to rule over him through his spirit or not. How could God give man this choice? By commanding him to not do something that appealed to his soul: his intellect and feelings and his flesh: his appetites and desires. This is what this tree was all about: a test to see if they would chose to walk in obedience to God through the prompting of the Holy Spirit through their human spirit or whether they would choose to walk in obedience to the promptings of their soul and flesh.

Man at this point had no unrighteousness, sin, in him. His soul and flesh where in perfect submission to his spirit. There was nothing in manís soul or flesh to prompt him to do otherwise. Therefore an outside factor was needed to appeal to manís intellect and feelings and his appetites and desires rather than his spirit. This outside factor was Satan.

The first thing Satan did was appeal to manís intellect through Eve. Moses records in Genesis 3:1-5 the following:

"Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which Yehovah Elohim had made. And he said to the woman, ĎIndeed, has Elohim said, You shall not eat from any tree of the garden.í And the woman said to the serpent, ĎFrom the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, Elohim has said, "You shall not eat from it or touch it, lest you die."í And the serpent said to the woman, ĎYou surely shall not die! For Elohim knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like Elohim, knowing good and evil.í"

First Satan called God a liar and questioned his goodness. Next, he suggested that God was withholding from her and Adam intellectually, He was withholding information from them. Satan appealed to their intellect, their soul. Moses tells us that Eve had the following response:

"When the woman saw that the tree was good for food [appetite & desires], and that it was a delight to the eyes [feelings], and that the tree was desirable to make one wise [intellect], she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband [focus of affections] with her, and he ate." (Gen 3:6)

What happened? Our spirit, through the Holy Spirit, prompts us about what is right or wrong. Satan told Eve to listen to the promptings of her intellect, prompted by Satanís lies. Eve took the bait and started rationalizing why she should not listen to her spirit and instead listened to her intellect and the appetites and desires of her flesh. The end result was she decided to allow herself to be ruled by her soul and flesh instead of her spirit and she ate of the fruit of the tree God told her not to eat from.

What was the significance of this action? At that moment Eve rejected Godís rule over her and submitted to her rule over her instead. She made her soul, her intellect and feelings, and her body, her appetites and desires god instead. God could have no part in this unholy arrangement and so He severed His Spirit from their spirit, thus disconnecting both His ongoing presence & communication with them and His sustaining life force from them resulting in immediate spiritual death and eventual physical and then soulish death.

The Bible teaches us that Eve was deceived by the serpent, but not Adam. Adam was not deceived. He knew it was wrong to eat of the forbidden fruit. Therefore Adamís temptation was not about what was right or wrong. His temptation was where his affections were centered. When Eve sinned, because Adamís affection for Eve was stronger than his effection for God he ate the fruit. As soon as he did, God severed His Holy Spirit from him and his spirit died also. Adam decided to make Eve his god instead of Yehovah God. Genesis 3:7 then says the following:

"Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings."

Genesis 2:25 says that when they were created by God they came together, were naturally naked and not ashamed. The word in Hebrew for ashamed is v/B (b sh). It means to be disappointed, confused, per-plexed.401 Early in my Christian walk with God, the Lord taught me the importance of daily feeding on Him through His Word.402 After I learned this I faithfully spent time with the Lord every day. There was no confusion in my life, not that there were no problems, but I always knew what to do when a problem would arise. Six months later, I was up late one Friday night and decided to sleep in the next morning. When I got up I had other responsibilities to take care of and so did not have my regular morning Quiet Time with the Lord. I did the same Sunday morning.

When I went to Sunday School that morning in the college class, as I would talk and share with other college friends, every time I opened my mouth life did not come out but confusion and disorder and everyone knew something was wrong with Dale. So did I. I had not spent time with the Lord to acknowledge Him over my life and day.

Jesus operates by faith just like we do. When I did not spend time with Him, He assumed I did not want Him to rule over me that day and so He withdrew Himself from me. I was left with my own thoughts and reasonings out of my soul. I found myself confused and perplexed and ashamed in front of my Christian associates.

When I got home that afternoon, the first thing I did was have a quiet time with the Lord. After this, when I talked and shared with my associates, life came out of my mouth instead of perplexity and confusion. I knew what to say and do the rest of the day.

Adam and Eve from creation were in perfect harmony and communion with God. They had not experienced separation. After they ate the fruit, initially, they probably were not even aware what had taken place in their spirits, they just knew now they were naked, confused and perplexed. The word naked here, more than just their physical appearance, was probably referring more to the fact that the Lord had withdrawn from them, leaving them empty and without the taken for granted moment by moment counsel of the Lord in their spirits which left them confused and perplexed and with feelings of being naked and ashamed. They had not had this experience or feelings before and so not understanding its cause at first sought to remedy it by putting on fig leaves and then attempting to hide from the Lord who had already withdrawn Himself from them spiritually.

This was the reason for the conversation God had with them following. He knew what they had done and what had happened to them, but they did not. Therefore His following conversation with them was for their benefit to give them understanding of what they had done and what had happened to them as a result. As a result of their sin they had been severed from their spiritual source of life and were left only with the reasoning of their own thoughts and feeling, desires and appetites to guide them.

Man has been living by his intellect and flesh ever since. Paul describes it this way in the Epistle of Ephesians 4:17-19

"This I say therefore, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart; and they having become callous, have given themselves over to sensuality, for the practice of every kind of impurity with greediness."

The Bible tells us in Proverbs 21:30, "There is no wisdom and no under-standing And no counsel against Yehovah." God in Genesis 6:3, makes the following statement about manís condition: "My Spirit shall not always strive403 with man; in their erring he is flesh380." By Flesh God means that not only is man devoid of spirit, but even his soul has sunk into complete submission to the appetites and desires of his body so that he is really nothing more than flesh, completely motivated and controlled by his flesh.

Manís condition in the world without Jesus is that he is dead spiritually, devoid of spirit, without God and completely in bondage to and motivated and controlled by his soul and flesh alone. Because this is true, everything that man is and does, all works whether good or bad, are motivated and controlled out of his soul and flesh, not by Godís Holy Spirit through his human spirit. Only what God initiates by the Holy Spirit is acceptable to God (Isaiah 30:1). Because Man is born into this world soulishly and physically alive but spiritually dead, anything now that he does is motivated out of His soul and flesh and completely unacceptable to God whether good or bad. Jesus said in John 6:63 "It is the Spirit who creates-life, the flesh profits nothing." This is why God tells us through Isaiah in Isaiah 64:6 that all our righteous deeds are as filthy rags in His sight. This is also why the Bible tells us we cannot be saved by works. Works are motivated and controlled and come out of the motivation of manís soul and flesh, not by the Holy Spirit through his human spirit which connection he does not have. If left to himself, man is hopelessly lost and has no hope.

Is this the end of the story? Thankfully no. As soon as man fell and died spiritually, God immediately began to take measures to bring manís human spirit back to life and back into right relationship with Him. How did He do this? This is the discussion of our next Chapter titled "Soteriology: Jesusí Full Salvation for Man".

Chapter 7
Doctrinal Contents
Quick Reference Home Page
Top of Page