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Chapter 3

Chapter 4

The Nature of God

Doctrinal Statement About the NATURE OF GOD

The Bible teaches us that there is only one True God of one essence from eternity past who had no beginning and no end; who is a Trinity of three individual Persons with independent intellect, emotions and will: the Father & the Son & the Holy Spirit in eternal relations. We do not mean that there are three individual god's who make up one Godhead as is taught in some religions. There is only one God, meaning of one essence, who is a Trinity of three Persons. Take any one of these persons away and you no longer have the one and only True God who created the universe and man.

Biblical Evidence

Moses wrote in Genesis 1:1 "In-the-beginning Elohim67 created the heavens and the earth." The Term Elohim is the general term for "God" in Hebrew. Elohim was also the universal term used for "God" in many of the surrounding cultures of Moses’ time. Elohim, !yhiloa> (Hebrew is read from right to left), is a singular plural noun broken down into two words: lae El and !yhi heem. lae means God and !yhi means these. Together they mean These-are-God," thus indicating the Triune nature of God. This is why when God created man that God says in Genesis 1:26 "Let Us make man in Our-image, according to Our-likeness." Man Himself is a trinity of spirit, soul and body but of one essence, one human being. Paul wrote in 1 Thessalonians 5:23,

"Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit (pneu'ma) and soul (yuchv) and body (sw'ma) be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." (1 Thess 5:23)

Elohim in Genesis 1:1 is treated as a singular noun and is therefore followed by a singular verb ar;B; barah meaning He-Created, thus indicating in the first verse of the Bible the Triune nature of the ONE God: Three-in-One. God is made up of one essence, thus one, but composed of three individual conscious self-willed individuals: the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. For this reason Moses wrote in Deuteronomy 6:4 "Hear, O Israel! Yehovah our-Elohim, Yehovah is One!" Jesus Christ stating the foremost commandment and Mark quoting Deuteronomy 6:4 & 6 from the Greek Septuagint306 said:

"The foremost is, ‘Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all Your strength.’" (Mark 12:29-30)

When God told Moses on Mount Sinai that he was called by Him to deliver the Israelites out of bondage to Egypt, Moses asked God what name he was to give to the Israelites when they were to ask him what God had sent him to them? Moses recorded God’s Answer in Exodus 3:14-15,

"And Elohim said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM;287’ and He said, ‘Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, "Yehovah.429 . . has sent me to you."’ This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations.’" (Exodus 3:14-15)

In response to Moses question God told Moses to tell them that Yehovah (hw:hoyÒ) sent him to them. Yehovah, which some translate Jehovah or Yahweh, is a form of the Hebrew verb to be and is repeated twice meaning "I AM WHO I AM". God tells us that His name is "I Am who I Am" and that this will be His name forever. God speaking through Isaiah the prophet tells us about Himself in Isaiah 43:10-13,

"‘You are My witnesses,’ declares Yehovah, ‘And My servant whom I have chosen, in order that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He. Before Me there was no El formed, and there will be none after Me. I, even I, am Yehovah; and there is no Savior besides Me. It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, and there was no strange els among you; So you are My witnesses,’ declares Yehovah, ‘and I am El. Even from eternity I am He; And there is none who can deliver out of My hand; I act and who can reverse it?’"

In this passage God tells us many things about Himself:

  • First, that Before Him there was no God formed.

  • Second, that there will be no God formed after Him.

  • Third, that there is no Savior besides Him.

  • Fourth, that He had no beginning, that His existence is from eternity past.

This passage forever dispels the myth that a created man can become God as is taught by some religions. Yehovah God tells us through Isaiah that He is the Only God, that there was no God formed before Him and that there will be no God formed after Him. Yehovah God tells us that He is the only God that exists, that He is the only God who has ever existed and that He is the only God who will ever exist. This God, Moses tells us in Genesis Chapter 1, created the earth, the heavens and man.

Jesus Christ of Nazareth claimed to be Yehovah God, our Creator and Savior. As Jesus was entering Jerusalem on a donkey, the children began to praise and worship Jesus. The Greek states that as a result of this that the religious leaders became indignant.481

"But when the chief priests and the scribes saw. . . the children saying, ‘Hosanna to the Son of David,’ they became indignant, and said to Him, ‘Do You hear what these are saying?’ And Jesus said to them, ‘Yes; have you never read, "Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have prepared praise for Yourself"?’" (Matthew 21:15-16)

When Jesus said "Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have prepared praise for Yourself" He was quoting from Psalm 8:2 and was claiming that this referred to Him. Psalm 8:1 states "O Yehovah, our-Adonai [our-Lord], how majestic is Your name in all the earth, who have displayed Your splendor above the heavens!" Then the Psalmist talking further about Yehovah states "Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have prepared praise for Yourself"?’" (Quoted from the Greek Septuagint306). The Psalmist tells us that this referred to Yehovah. Jesus by claiming this for Himself claimed to be the one and only true God Yehovah in human form.

God the Father Himself called Jesus Elohim. In Hebrews 1:8 the writer of Hebrews tells us "But of the Son He says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the righteous scepter is the scepter of Your kingdom.’" This is a direct quote from Psalm 45:6. The word for God here is Elohim. God the Father calls Jesus Elohim, the God of Genesis 1:1 who created the earth, heavens and man. Paul tells us in Acts 20:28,

"The church of God which He purchased with His own blood." (Acts 20:28)

Paul tells us that God purchased His church with His own blood. Jesus is the one who shed His blood and died on the cross to save us from our sins. Paul and John wrote about Jesus Christ:

"In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace." (Ephesians 1:7)

"The blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin." (1 John 1:7)

"To Him who loves us, and released us from our sins by His blood." (Revelation 1:5)

God prophesied through Isaiah and Micah about the the Messiah Jesus Christ that He would be God in the flesh:

"Therefore Yehovah Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin396 will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel334" (Isaiah 7:14)

"For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty-El306, Father-of-Eternity307, Prince-of-Peace." (Isaiah 9:6)

"But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity." (Micah 5:2).

In these prophecies about Jesus we are told that Jesus will be God in the flesh, that He is from all eternity and that He is the Father of eternity. These are all the things God attributes to Himself alone in Isaiah 43:10-11 quoted earlier. Jesus is Yehovah God in the flesh.

Jesus claimed to be our Creator. The Apostles John wrote:

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God. This One was in the beginning with God. All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being." (John 1:1-3)

"For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities— all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together." (Colossians 1:16-17)

God "In these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the ages." (Hebrews 1:2)

The writers of the New Testament tell us that Jesus is our Creator. Some religions try to say Jesus was not God but a being created by Him that He created the heavens and the earth through. However Yehovah states the following about His creating the earth, the heavens and man:

"I, Yehovah, am the maker of all things, Stretching out the heavens by Myself, and spreading out the earth all alone." (Isaiah 44:24)

Yehovah God tells us plainly that He created the earth, the heavens, and man without help from any created being. Thus for Jesus to claim to be our Creator is for Jesus to claim to be Yehovah God.

Jesus claimed to be our Savior. Jesus stated the following about Himself in the Gospels:

"For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world should be saved through Him." (John 3:17)

"For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them." (Luke 9:56)

When Mary became pregnant with a child an angel of the Lord told Joseph not to be afraid to take her as His wife because she was with child by the Holy Spirit, not as the result of having had sexual intercourse with a man. The angel then told Joseph,

"‘And she will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people from their sins.’ Now all this took place that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, "Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and shall bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel," which translated means, "God with us."’" (Matthew 1:21-23)

The angel tells us that Mary’s firstborn is to be called Jesus because He will save His people from their sins. The name Jesus302 in Hebrew is Yeshua (['Wvwhoy). It is a compound word meaning Yehovah-is-Savior. Yehovah tells us in Isaiah 43:10-11 that He and he alone is Savior, yet the angel tells us that the baby is to be named Jesus because He the baby will save us from our sins. Thus the angel claimed that Jesus is Yehovah God in the flesh and that for this reason that men will call Jesus Immanuel334 (lae WnM;[i) which means "God-with-us". Nowhere in the New Testament do you find Jesus called Immanuel. This is because the term Immanuel is not a title or name given to Jesus, but a term describing who Jesus is: God with us. Jesus will be called God with us.

The Holy Spirit is God. The word in Hebrew for Spirit is j'Wr Ruach.376 Isaiah in Isaiah 61:1 called the Holy Spirit Lord-Yehovah:

"Ruach-Adonai-Yehovah [hwIhy] yn:doa} j'Wr] is upon me, because Yehovah has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the broken hearted, To proclaim liberty to captives, and freedom to prisoners."

yn:doa} Adonai362 is the word for "Lord" in Hebrew, especially when referring to Yehovah God. There is no article here (h, a or the) in the Hebrew to render it "The Spirit of Yehovah," so it is "Spirit Lord Yehovah" referring back to Spirit, telling us who the Spirit is: Lord-Yehovah.

Paul tells us about the Holy spirit in 2 Corinthians 3:17 "Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty." Paul tells us that the Holy Spirit is the Lord—Adonai.

The Holy Spirit is called Elohim in Genesis 1:2:

"And the earth was desolate and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and Ruach-Elohim267 [!yhila> j'Wr] was-hovering-vibrating over the face of the waters."

Again the article is missing thus telling us who the Holy Spirit is: Elohim, God.

The Holy Spirit is called Yehovah298 and lae El,294 God, in Isaiah 40:13 and 18,

"Who has directed Ruach-Yehovah [hw:hy] j'Wr, again no article], Or as His counselor has informed Him?. . . . To whom then will you liken El? Or what likeness will you compare with Him?"

2 Chronicles 18:23 called the Holy Spirit Yehovah: "How did Ruach-Yehovah268 [hw:hy]Aj'Wr, no article] pass from me to speak to you?"

Paul in Romans 8:9 calls the Holy Spirit the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Jesus: "However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit-of-God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit-of-Christ, he does not belong to Him." Paul tells us here very plainly that Jesus Christ is Yehovah God in the flesh and that the Holy Spirit is His Spirit, God’s Spirit.

One religion tries to say that the Holy Spirit is only an active force which issues out from God, not God Himself. Note however Peter’s comments about the Holy Spirit in Acts 5:3-5,

"But Peter said, ‘Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back some of the price of the land? While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men, but to God.’"

An active force, cannot be lied to, only a person can be lied to. Peter tells Ananias that when he lied to the Holy Spirit he was lying to God, thus declaring the Holy Spirit God.

The Holy Spirit spoke to men. The writer of Hebrews tells us about the Holy Spirit,

"Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, ‘Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me, as in the day of trial in the wilderness.’" (Hebrews 3:7-8)

An active force does not speak, only an intelligent being with a mind can speak. The Holy Spirit is a person, the third Person of the ONE Triune-God of the universe.

The Holy Spirit can be grieved. Paul wrote in Ephesians 4:30,

"And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption."

An active force cannot be grieved or anything else, it is a non-conscious power. The Holy Spirit like a person can be grieved because He is a Person.

The Holy Spirit pulls aside and sends men into ministry. Luke wrote in Acts 13:2

"And while they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.’"

Who is doing the calling? The Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit has independent intellect and will, attributes of a person.

The Holy Spirit is a Person, the Third Person of the ONE Triune-God, Yehovah-God, who carries out the wishes of the Father and the Son. Jesus said of the Holy Spirit in John 16:13-15,

"But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come. He shall glorify Me; for He shall take of Mine, and shall disclose it to you. All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said, that He takes of Mine, and will disclose it to you." (John 16:13-15)

The Triune Nature of the ONE God

Finally, God is a Trinity of three Persons: The Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Jesus revealed this to us at His water baptism in Matthew 3:16-17:

"And after being baptized, Jesus went up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon Him, and behold, a voice out of the heavens, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased." (Matthew 3:16-17)

God is not 1 + 1 + 1 = 3, but 1 x 1 x 1 = 1. This is because God is of one essence manifested in three separate persons: The Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. The writer of Hebrews talking about Jesus said,

"And He is the reflected-brightness of His glory and the exact-image of His essence,269 and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high." (Hebrews 1:3)

Jesus is of the same essence as the Father. This is why Jesus is called the ONLY Son of God in John 3:16 because only He is of the essence of God, God Himself. When a person receives Jesus as Savior and Lord, John 1:12 and Ephesians 1:5 tell us that God adopts that person as His son or daughter and thus we are called sons of God.

"But as many as received Him, to them He gave the authority to become children of God, to those who believe in His name." (John 1:12)

"He ordained-beforehand to adopt us as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will." (Eph 1:5)

But unlike Jesus, we are not of the essence of God, we do not become God. We become Jesus’ brothers and sisters through adoption only, but we remain men, creatures created by God. That is why Jesus is the only true Son of God because He is of the essence of God, God Himself, an eternally existing uncreated being.

God is Elohim which means These-are-God. This God of one essence is composed of three persons: the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit in eternal relations who created the earth, the heavens and man. This God’s name is Yehovah who is also Jesus Christ in the flesh. Paul wrote about Jesus in Colossians 2:9 "For in Him all the

fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form." Note Paul does not say that Jesus was a man in whom God dwelt like demon possession, but that Jesus is God in His entirety in bodily form. This is the God of the Bible who created the earth, the heavens and man. This is why Jesus in the Bible tells us that He is the only way to God. Jesus said:

"I-AM270 [Ejgwv Eijmi] the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me." (John 14:6)

"Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter by the door into the fold of the sheep, but climbs up some other way, he is a thief and a robber.... Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.... If anyone enters through Me, he shall be saved and shall go in and out, and find pasture." (John 10:1-9).

The Apostle Paul wrote in 1 Timothy 2:5 "For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus" (1 Timothy 2:5). Why is Jesus the only way to God? Because He is the one and ONLY true God in the flesh. The Apostle John wrote in the Gospel of John 1:1 and 1:14,

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God." (John 1:1) (qeo;" h\\n oJ logo")

"And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth." (John 1:14)

"And we know that the Son-of-God has come, and has given us understanding, in order that we might know Him who is true, and we are in Him who is true, in His-Son-Jesus-Christ. This is the true God and eternal life." (1 John 5:20)

There have been many religious men of the past and present who have claimed to be God’s messengers with a way to God, but what is the Bible’s test of a true prophet of God? Whether or not they confess that Jesus Christ is God who became flesh, man, and the only way to God. The Apostle John wrote in 1 John 4:1-3,

"Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God; and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God; and this is the spirit of the antichrist, of which you have heard that it is coming, and now it is already in the world." (1 John 4:1-3)

Paul talked about the fact that there are other Jesuses who will be taught that are not the Jesus taught in the Bible:

"But I am afraid, lest as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds should be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ. For if one comes and preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different gospel which you have not accepted, you bear this beautifully. . . . For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves as apostles of Christ. And no wonder for Satan transforms himself into an angel of light. It is not a great thing then if his ministers transform themselves as ministers of righteousness; whose end will be according to their works." (2 Corinthians 11:3-15)

Jesus is not an angel, He was not a man who became God; Jesus is the ONLY true God who ever was and will ever be from eternity past who in time became man so that now Jesus is fully God and fully man and will remain so forever!

There is only One God and he communicates with and relates to man ONLY through the God-Man Jesus Christ. Hebrews 1:1-2 tells us,

"God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the ages."

Why? Hebrews 1:3 tells us why:

"And He is the reflected-brightness of His glory and the exact-image of His essence,269 and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high."

Because Jesus is God in all His essence and power in human form. "For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form" (Colossians 2:9).

The Book of Revelation 19:10 tells us any messenger of God, if truly of God, will testify about who Jesus is and that He is the only way to God, God Himself in the flesh: "For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy." The Bible teaches us that any spirit which tells you anything else about Jesus or moves you away from the Jesus of the Bible is not from God and is to be rejected and shunned. If you want to get to know the God of the Bible, there is only one way: by coming to Him through Jesus Christ of Nazareth. As Jesus said, "I-AM the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me" (John 14:6). There is no other way to God but through Jesus.

How do we know this is true? When asked what His proof to His claims were, Jesus did not say "Don’t Ask Questions, just believe!" No, He did not say this. He said "Okay, I will give you proof that I AM, that I am the only true God from eternity past, Your Creator and Savior in the flesh: kill my human body and on the third day I will raise it up re-created healthy and Alive!" They did kill Him and on the third day he did rise from the dead with over 512 witnesses to the fact (1 Cor 15:3-4) who walked with Him for forty days after and then witnessed His ascension physically to heaven.

John 2:22 "When therefore He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture, and the word which Jesus had spoken."

Acts 1:3 "To these He also presented Himself alive, after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days, and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God."

Even Jesus’ disciples had doubts about taking Jesus’ claims about Himself literally, but after He rose physically from the dead they no longer had any doubts.

Thomas being away when Jesus first appeared to His disciples said in John 20:25 "Unless I shall see in His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe." When they were all gathered together in one place, Jesus came among them and said to Thomas in "Reach here Your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand, and put it into My side; and be not unbelieving, but believing." Thomas answered and said to Him in response, "My Lord and my God!" (John 20:27-28).

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