1 Corinthians 9:11
Which Clearly State That
Ezekiel 33:11"‘As I live!’ declares Adonai-Yehoveh, ‘I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn back, turn back from your evil ways! Why then will you die, O house of Israel?’"
Luke 9:56 "For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them."
John 3:17 "For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world should be saved through Him."
Romans 5:18 "So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to ALL MEN."
Romans 3:4, 3:22, 8:32, 10:11-13
1 Timothy 2:1-6 "First of all, then, I urge that entreaties and prayers, petitions and thanksgivings, be made on behalf of ALL MEN, for kings and all who are in authority, in order that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and dignity. This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires ALL MEN to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for ALL, the testimony borne at the proper time."
2 Peter 3:9 "The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for ALL to come to repentance."
Titus 2:11 "For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to ALL MEN."
Greek Word: proorizw
proorizw1) to predetermine, ordain-beforehand. 2) to foreordain, appoint beforehand. Verb: 1 person singular, 4309; from pro before, 4253, & orizw determine, 3724. Eph 1:5. 2/345, 5/722/17, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
Greek Word: pa"
pa", pasa, panall. When the word appears without an article as is the case in 1 Tim 2:1-6 and Titus 2:11 it means literally everyone without exception. Adjective: masculine singular nominative, 3956. 2/311, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
In 1 Timothy 2:1-6 Paul states several all’s: 1) Pray on behalf of all men, 2) God desires all men to be saved, 3) that they would all come to a knowledge of the truth, and 4) Jesus was given as a ransom (died for our sins) for all men. The Bible does not contradict itself. Only man’s interpretations do. Paul plainly tells us in this passage of Scripture that God’s will is that ALL men be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth. This passage also clearly tells us that Jesus did not just die for a select ordained few, but for ALL men. The teaching of Predestination as it has been traditionally taught through the history of the Church is a Christian heresy not supported by the Word of God as is clearly indicated by the passage above.
Some opponents have tried to tell me that the word ALL here refers to people chosen from every race, thus all meaning from every race, not all men. This interpretation is even included in some Lexicons of the bible. For example, in the Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon of the Bible is the following quote from C.H. Spurgeon’s sermon titled Particular Redemption:
"... ‘the whole world has gone after him’ Did all the world go after Christ? ‘then went all Judea, and were baptized of him in Jordan.’ Was all Judea, or all Jerusalem, baptized in Jordan? ‘Ye are of God, little children’, and the whole world lieth in the wicked one’. Does the whole world there mean everybody? The words ‘world’ and ‘all’ are used in some seven or eight senses in Scripture, and it is very rarely the ‘all’ means all persons, taken individually. The words are generally used to signify that Christ has redeemed some of all sorts — some Jews, some Gentiles, some rich, some poor, and has not restricted His redemption to either Jew or Gentile ..."86/CD
What is wrong with Spurgeon's comments here? What isn’t he telling us? First, in the first example he sites from John 12:19 the word whole is not used. A correct translation of this passage is that "the world has gone after him." This is a general statement we even make today that does not mean all everyone, all inclusive.
The second passage Spurgeon quotes is from Matthew 3:5 which in context states:
"Then Jerusalem was going out to Him, and all Judea, and all the district around the Jordan; and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins." (Matt 3:5-6)
Even an uneducated person understands that the use of the word all here, in context, does not mean not one person was left out. In any society or community of these sizes there are always going to be dissenters, those who do not believe. This does not require even an explanation from Spurgeon. But as is true with every heresy, passages are taken out of their immediate, surrounding and in the context of the Bibles full teaching on the subject and made to have a meaning total context does not support.
What Spurgeon is doing here is committing the same error he is attacking. He first is assuming the reader is making assumptions no intelligent person would make. Only He is committing the error he assumes men are making who in context are correct in interpreting the use of the wordpa" (pas, "all") in 2 Timothy 2:1-6 to mean all inclusive. When Paul states that God desires "all men to be saved," Paul by his own comments in the context of all does not mean he believes all men will be saved. Otherwise, why would he be admonishing Christians to pray for all men? Not because all men will be saved, but because it is God’s will, desire that all men would make the right choice so as to be saved, but God does not force men He gave independent will to accept His salvation for them.
Second, it is not true that God chooses some to be saved and to be lost. The context of Scripture does not support this assertion. for example Paul wrote in Romans 5:18:
"So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to ALL men."
If all men here does not mean literally all inclusive, then neither does Adam’s transgression bringing condemnation to all men mean literally all inclusive. Context here tells us very plainly that Jesus salvation on the cross is for all men meaning all inclusive, not just those who do accept His Salvation. For further discussion see the more intensive article following this page.
Ephesians 1:5 "He ordained-beforehand to adopt us as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will."
What God ordained beforehand, before the foundation of the world, is that the only way we could come to Him and be saved and become His sons and daughters is by coming to Him through Jesus Christ. There is no other way to God except through Jesus Christ. Those who come to God through Jesus Christ will be saved, those who do not will not be saved.Predestination
Argument: Jesus said in John 6:44 "No one can come to Me, unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day." This passage proves that God chooses those who will be saved and those who will be lost!
Answer: What is it this person is not telling you? What he is not telling you is the context of this statement of Jesus. Note what Jesus then said in John 6:45: "It is written in the prophets, ‘and they shall all be taught of God.’ Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father, comes to Me." The context of Jesus’ statement in John 6:44 is that the Jews were claiming to reject Jesus because they were followers only of Yehovah God. Jesus tells them however that if they did know His Father, Yehovah, they would follow Him because the Father always points us to His Son. His point was they did not know Him or come to Him because they did not know God. They were religious, but not true followers of Yehovah.
Argument: Ephesians 1:4 states, "Just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before Him, in love." This passage clearly states that God chose before the foundation of the world who will be saved and who will not.
Answer: Again, Ephesians 1:4 is being taken out of context. What isn’t this person telling us? He is not telling us what Ephesians 1:5 states. It says, "He ordained-beforehand to adopt us as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will." What is it that God predestined (ordained-beforehand)? Not those who will be saved and those who will be lost, but that the only way we can come to Him, be saved and become His adopted children is by coming to Him through Jesus Christ. Those who come to Him through Jesus Christ will be saved, those who do not will not be saved. Before the foundation of the Word God chose that only those whom come to Him through Jesus will be saved.
Argument: God said, quoted by Paul in Romans 9:15, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion." God tells us plainly in this passage that He chooses who He will have mercy on and who He will not, it matters not whether a person chooses whether to follow Jesus or not, God has already determined those who will be saved.
Answer: Again we have to ask ourselves what isn’t this person telling us. First, again, he is taking a verse of the Bible out of its immediate and surrounding context. This starts with Romans chapter 4 where Paul talks about how Abraham was saved not because of His observance of the Law that came 400 years later through Moses, but because he believed God. The Jews were infuriated because Paul was teaching that the Gentiles who had lived a life of sin, could now be saved through faith by simply believing on Gospel. They were also infuriated because Paul was telling the Jews that they too were only saved by faith in the Gospel which meant that no amount of there previous works had any bearing on their salvation. It is in this context that Paul makes this statement in Romans 9:15. Note Paul's further statements in Romans 9 which support what I am saying,
"What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, even the righteousness which is by faith; but Israel, pursuing a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law. Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone." (Romans 9:30-32)
"For not knowing about God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God." (Romans 10:3)
Question? How then do you explain Romans 9:16-23
"So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy. For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, ‘For this very purpose I raised you up, to demonstrate My power in you, and that My name might be proclaimed throughout the whole earth.’ So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires. You will say to me then, ‘Why does He still find fault? For who resists His will?’ On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing-molded will not say to the molder, 'Why did you make me like this,' will it? Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use, and another for common use? What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction? And He did so in order that He might make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory."
Answer: The Bible does not contradict itself, only our interpretations do. If you take this passage by itself without the total Surrounding context we just discussed of Paul’s argument, it seems to be saying God has chosen those who will be saved and those who will be lost. In context, what is Paul telling us in this passage? First, that God already knew beforehand who would believe and who would not believe. Those who will not believe are the vessels of wrath Paul is talking about. Pharaoh over Egypt in Moses’ day was one of those. Paul is telling us that God knowing Pharaoh would not believe hardened Pharaoh's heart even further so that He could manifest His power through Him, but God did not make Pharaoh's choice of unbelief for him. What God did do was use Pharaoh's unbelief to glorify Himself and spread the knowledge of Himself throughout the earth through His deliverance of the Israelites from Pharaoh with the many miracles He performed to do so. It was the Israelites unbelief which kept them from Christ and it was the Gentiles faith which brought them to Christ. The issue is the Jews unbelief and their jealousy over the Gentiles (Rom 11:11) whom God has accepted because of their faith and has rejected them because of their unbelief. Paul then gives the Gentiles a warning who have believed:
"Quite right, they were broken off for their unbelief, but you stand by your faith. Do not be conceited, but fear; for if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will He spare you. Behold then the kindness and severity of God; to those who fell, severity, but to you, God’s kindness, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off. And they also, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in; for God is able to graft them in." (Rom 11:20-23)
Paul explains that the Jews fell away not because God chose them to be damned, but because of their unbelief. He then explains to the Gentiles that they were brought into the family of God only because of their faith. He then warns them that their saved condition will only continue as they continue in faith which brings up another heresy taught by people of the Predestined persuasion which is that because God only chooses those who will be saved and those who will be lost, those who are chosen to be saved are saved forever no matter what they do. If this were true, why then would Paul be giving the Gentiles a warning if God has already chosen those who will be saved and will be lost? Paul however makes plain here that we are saved by faith and only remain saved as we continue in that faith. What does having saving faith mean? It means, first, that once we confess and repent of our sins that we accept God’s forgiveness for our sins only through the death and shed blood of Jesus Christ, not by any works of ours. Second, once we have done this, it means we surrender the Lordship of our lives to Jesus which means we trust Him with our lives. Our trust in Jesus with our lives is manifested through our obeying His commands to us revealed through the Holy Spirit. The Apostle John wrote,
"By this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His commandments. The one who says, ‘I have come to know Him,’ and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him." (1 John 2:3-4)
According to the Apostle John and the writer of Hebrews in Hebrews Chapters 3 and 4, faith and obedience are synonymous. We are not saved by obedience, but the evidence of our salvation through faith is proved through our obedience. What did Jesus come to save us from? From ourselves and Self-rule back to His rule in our lives through the Holy Spirit. Jesus makes plain that Only those who obey Him and submit to His will, will enter the Kingdom of God:
"So then, you will know them by their fruits. Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven. Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’ And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.’" (Matt 7:20-23)
See the Unpardonable Sin for further passages on this subject.
Paul then goes on to say in Romans 9:16-23 that the Jews fell away because of their unbelief but can be brought back in if they repent from depending on their own works of righteousness and place faith in God’s work of righteousness through Jesus Christ. Paul wrote about Himself in the book of Philippians:
"More than that, I count all things to be loss in view of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them but rubbish in order that I may gain Christ, and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith." (Phil 3:8-9)
This is the meaning and the context of Paul’s arguments in Romans Chapters 9-11.
The science of archaeology has discovered and provided us an explanation for why God hardened Pharaoh’s heart. In the theology of the ancient Egyptian death cult, as described in the Egyptian Book of the Dead (Documentation in my book Evangelism: The Time Is Now!), after death the deceased had to go through a trial in the Hall of Judgment to determine his guilt or innocence. If judged guilty his fate was destruction; if innocent, then eternal life with his reward. In order to pass through this judgment, the dead had to deny a long list of sins that were read against him and successfully declare that he was pure. This act was called the "Negative Confession," and while it was being conducted the deceased’s heart, shown in a canopic jar, was being weighed in the scales of judgment against the standard of truth represented by the hieroglyphic symbol of a feather. This judgment is seen clearly in a mural painting known as The weighing of the heart. Against the testimony of the deceased, his heart would confess the truth, showing his Negative Confession to be a lie. The heart, therefore, would tip the scales in favor of judgment and result in his destruction. Since all men sin and the natural inclination of the heart is to confess such sin, the ingenious Egyptians devised a means to keep the heart from contradicting the Negative Confession. They did this by writing magical incantations on a stone image of their sacred dung beetle, called a scarab, that was carved in the shape of a heart. This stone heart scarab was then placed in or on the chest cavity during mummification, a fact revealed by x-rays of Egyptian mummies. Various incantations ordered the heart to not rebel or witness against the individual in question. This resulted in the transfer of the stony character of the scarab to the fleshly heart in the afterlife which made hard and unable to speak. This act of ritual "hardening of the heart" reversed the natural function of the unhardened heart and resulted in salvation since the deceased was now decreed sinless through silence.
However, when God hardened Pharaoh’s heart, who as a god himself represented the salvation of Egypt, He reversed the theological hope of all Egyptians. This hardening resulted in Pharaoh’s inability to naturally respond to the destructive plagues, and therefore stop them by surrendering to Moses’ request. Therefore, instead of the "hardening the heart" bringing salvation, instead it brought destruction. Thus, archaeology has provided new insight into a difficult theological concept by giving us the proper background and setting of the Egyptian beliefs God through Moses wished to counter. This discovery also confirms the historical accuracy of the Exodus account.
What is true is that men are in bondage to self and sin and blinded to their need of Jesus' salvation (2 Cor 4:3-4)). This is why Paul instructs us in 1 Timothy 2:1-6 to pray on behalf of all men. Men cannot recognize their need of Jesus without Holy Spirit enlightenment, but neither can the Holy Spirit enlighten them until they hear the Word of God. Paul said in Romans 10:17 "So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ." The Word of God is the Holy Spirit’s tool for convincing people of their need of Jesus for salvation. Therefore, in order for a person to release their faith in Jesus’ salvation for them, they must first hear the Word of God. The writer of Hebrews writes:
"For the word of God is spiritually-alive and energetically-effective and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the conscious-reasonings and intentions of the heart." (Hebrews 4:12)
The writer of the book of Hebrews tells us that God’s Word is spiritually-alive and energetically-effective. In other words, God’s Word is ALIVE! When a person hears the word of God it releases faith in them and frees their will to begin turning to Christ. But this is not enough. They still need our encouragement to make that decision. This is why we are commanded to go out and why it is so important that we use our free time to go out and share the love of Jesus Christ with men because without our help, our faith, they cannot muster up and release their faith to receive Jesus as Savior and Lord. This is why Paul states in Romans 1:16-17,
"For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed FROM FAITH TO FAITH as it is written, ‘But the righteous man shall live by faith.’" (Romans 1:16-17)
Therefore to bring a person to Christ we need, first, to pray for them that God will free their wills to turn to him. We also need to pray and bind Satan and command him to lose their wills so they can. Second, we need to then go out and share the Word of God with them. Third, once they understand what it means to be a Christian and how to become one, we then need to encourage them to then pray and receive Jesus as Savior and Lord and then pray with them as they do. From Faith to Faith!
See Also Predestination