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Evangelism:
The Time Is Now!

Section 7, Chapter 2

The Bible: ABSOLUTELY Reliable
After Two-Thousand Years Of Transmission!

Chapter Illustration

Back to Chapter 1

Many times when doing Evangelism on the field, people will say to me that the Bible we have today is not reliable, meaning it is no longer true to the original written Manuscripts because it has been changed over and over again since its completion two-thousand years ago. They will also say that it is nothing more than a collection of documents written by men like any other religious book, that there is no God who controlled men in writing the sixty-six books of the Judeo-Christian Bible. Is this true? Are the Greek and Hebrew Manuscripts we have today, that our English Bibles are translated from, an exact copy of the original rendering of the Old and New Testaments? Is there internal evidence in the Scriptures beyond a reasonable doubt that God Himself inspired, led and controlled men in their writing of the Scriptures? I can say confidently and without hesitation, YES! there is. In this Chapter we are going to present to you, first, external Historical and Archaeological evidence that the Greek and Hebrew Manuscripts that we have today are true to the original manuscripts. Second, we are then going to show you internal evidence within the manuscripts themselves of their being letter for letter not only true to the original text, but by their very composition being impossible for man Himself to have composed the text without God’s divine literal absolute control in the writing of every single letter within the text of the Bible.

HISTORICAL & ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE

How are ancient Manuscripts tested for reliability and accuracy? Sanders in, Introduction to Research in English Literary History, lists and explains the three basic principles of historiography (methods of historical scholarship).155/143 They are the

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Bibliographical test

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The Internal Evidence test

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And the External Evidence test

The Bibliographical Test is an examination of the textual transmission by which documents reach us.156/26 How reliable are the copies we have in regard to the number of manuscripts (MSS) and the time interval between the original and existing copy?

New Testament

Starting with the New Testament first, lets talk about the existing N.T. MSS that we have. The books of the New Testament were the most frequently copied and widely circulated books of antiquity.157/50 There are over 24,970+ manuscript copies of portions of the New Testament in existence today: 5,686 (99') known Greek manuscripts, 10,000 Latin Vulgate and 8,300 other early versions and translations in Syriac, Egyptian, Arabic, Ethiopian, Armenian, Persian, Gothic, and Slavonic, just to name a few.440/34 The next closest document of antiquity is the Iliad by Homer which has only 643 manuscripts that still survive. The Iliad was written in 900 B.C. The earliest surviving copy today dates the 13th century A.D.158/145 That means that the earliest known surviving copy survives 2,100 years from the original document. In contrast, The New Testament was completed between A.D. 85-90 and the earliest surviving copy we have today is A.D. 125. That means the earliest known surviving copy is only 35 years from the original completion of the writing of the New Testament.158/145

Whereas there is as much as five percent changes in the text of Iliad from the original, less than one-half of one percent changes are found in the New Testament to the Original.159/366 Of this onehalf of one percent changes, their adoption or rejection cause no appreciable difference in the sense of the passages where they occur.160/14 Philip Schaff in his book, Comparison to the Greek Testament and the English Version, said the following about these variations in the New Testament: Not one of the variations altered, ". . . an article of faith or a precept of duty which is not abundantly sustained by other and undoubted passages, or by the whole tenor of Scripture teaching."161/177 Geisler and Nix state,

"Only about one-eighth of all the variants had any weight, as most of them are merely mechanical matters such as spelling or style. Of the whole then, only about one-sixtieth rise above ‘trivialities,’ or can in any sense be called ‘substantial variations.’ Mathematically this would compute to a text that is 98.33 percent pure."159/365

Due to the existing number of manuscripts of the New Testament, of early translations from it and due to the number of quotations made by early Church fathers from it, any doubtful passage is able to be checked for accuracy through these ancient authorities. This cannot be said of any other existing manuscript in the world.162/23

Do the early Church Fathers support manuscript reliability? Prior to the Council of Nicea (A.D. 325) the Church Fathers Clement of Rome (A.D. 95), Irenaeus (A.D. 180), Ignatius Bishop of Antioch (A.D. 70-110), Polycarp Bishop of Smyrna (A.D. 70-156), Clement of Alexandria (A.D. 150-212), Tertullian presbyter of the Church in Carthage (A.D. 160- 220), Hippolytus (A.D. 170-235), Justin Martyr (A.D. 133), Origen (A.D.185-253),Cyprian Bishop of Carthage (died A.D. 258) made over 32,000 quotations from the New Testament.159/353-354 If all manuscripts and translations of the New Testament were destroyed today, all but eleven verses of the New Testament could be reconstructed from the quotes of the New Testament made by the Church Fathers stated above.34/50-51

We have a large number of Roman official records. We also have a large number of Christian writings that have survived the first century. Despite this fact, in all these writings there is not one single eyewitness account of the events recorded in the Gospels that contradicts what we have recorded in the Gospels. Any lawyer or judge would attest to how important and confirming this is to the reliability and truthfulness of the Gospel records.288/30

Tertullian and Jerome, early Church Fathers, record an account of a presbyter from Asia, Turkey who published a counterfeit epistle that he claimed the apostle Paul had written. What happened as a result? Instantly the Universal Church set forth an ecclesiastical trial to examine this claim. The end result was that they found it to be a counterfeit, convicted the presbyter and exposed and published throughout the Church that it was a forgery.288/30 We can see from this example how vigilant the Church was to prevent corruption and assure preservation of genuine Biblical MSS. Because of the widespread copying and translations of the New Testament throughout the world, it was virtually impossible for someone to corrupt the text or add a book without immediate criticism and repudiation from the Church.

Old Testament

How Old Testament Manuscripts
Were Handed Down

How about the Old Testament? How reliable is it? According to Jewish Talmuds and Targums, the Scribes whose job it was to copy and preserve Old Testament books were called Masoretic. The Hebrew Word means wall or fence. Their careful and meticulous copying of the Old Testament manuscript, which today is known as the Masoretic Text, was a fence of protection in keeping the text absolutely accurate to the original.288/14

When I say absolutely accurate I mean just that. They did not just copy the text like we do when we copy a verse from the Bible by reading the phrase and then copying the phrase. They were absolutely meticulous. How meticulous? They had counted and knew exactly how many letters, for example, were in the book of Genesis: 78,064. They knew more than that: they new exactly how many letters of each letter of the alphabet were in the book of Genesis. They also knew how many letters there were from the beginning of the text and from the end of the text to the middle of the text. They also knew what the middle letter in the book of Genesis was to be.

After copying a book of the Bible, if after counting from the ends to the middle the count was not accurate or the letter in the middle was not correct, or there were more or less letters of any given letter of the alphabet than there should have been, that manuscript was discarded and burned because of its unreliability to the original text.164/89

The Oldest Biblical Manuscripts & Inscription

What kind of proof do we have of just how meticulous they did protect the accuracy of a copy from the original? Up until the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls dated 150-200 B.C., the most recent manuscript that we had of the Old Testament was dated A.D. 980.

New Testament:
the earliest known surviving copy is only 35 years from the original

What about the Dead Sea Scrolls? These Scrolls are made up of some 40,000 inscribed fragments. From these fragments more than 500 books have been reconstructed. They were first found in February or March of 1947 by a Bedouin shepherd boy by the name of Muhammad in a cave on a cliff on the west side of the Dead Sea about eight miles south of Jericho. They had been placed there around A.D. 68 by the Qumran religious community.167/48-49

The value of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) were that the oldest most recent Hebrew MSS we possessed up to this discovery was 980 A.D. Because this was true, until the discovery of the DSS we had no way of knowing that what we had was an accurate transmission since the time of Christ. The Hebrew Text of Isaiah was dated at 125 B.C., more than 1000 years older than the Hebrew Text of Isaiah we possessed. When our most recent copy of the Hebrew Text of Isaiah was compared with the DSS MSS, it was found to be more than ninety-five percent identical, and the five percent of variation consisted mainly in slips of the pen and variations in spelling.163/10 The variations that existed in no way changed the meaning or communication of the text.

Gleason Archer in his book, Survey of the Old Testament, comments that despite the fact that these manuscripts were a thousand years apart, that "they proved to be word for word identical with our standard Hebrew Bible in more than 95 percent of the text."163/25 He further commented that the five percent variation in the texts consisted only of slips of the pen and variations in spelling, not in what was written or taught in the text which means that the teachings of the manuscripts weren’t altered at all.

Dr. Robert Dick Wilson, formerly professor of Semitic philology at Princeton Theological Seminary who mastered more than 35 languages of ancient orient, commented in his book, A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament, that in over 144 cases of transliteration from Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian and Moabite into Hebrew and in 40 cases of the opposite that for more than 3,400 years proper names of the Hebrew Bible had been transmitted with absolute minutest accuracy. He states, "that the Hebrew text should have been transmitted by copyists through so many centuries is a phenomenon unequaled in the history of literature." 166/71 These proper names consist of forty kings that lived from 2000 B.C. to 400 B.C. Confirmed by history these names occur in the Old Testament in absolute chronological order. The probability of such close conformity to correct philological principles and accuracy is 1 chance in 75 x 1022.166/71 Concerning this accuracy, Wilson concludes:

"The proof that the copies of the original documents have been handed down with substantial correctness for more than 2,000 years cannot be denied. That the copies in existence 2,000 years ago had been in like manner handed down from the originals is not merely possible, but, as we have shown, is rendered probable by the analogies of Babylonian documents now existing of which we have both originals and copies, thousands of years apart, and of scores of papyri which show when compared with our modern editions of the classics that only minor changes of the text have taken place in more than 2,000 years and especially by the scientific and demonstrateable accuracy with which the proper spelling of the names of kings and of the numerous foreign terms embedded in the Hebrew text has been transmitted to us." 166/85

More than a thousand years ago a group of Jews called Yemenite Jews were separated from their Jewish brethren in the Middle East and Europe. During all this time both groups until the printing press meticulously copied from their verified accurate copies of the original. After a thousand years of separation, when their copies of the Torah were compared, only nine letters out of 304,805 letters in the Yemenite Torah differed from the accepted Hebrew Masoretic text of the Torah.

The oldest known Biblical inscription in existence was found by some archaeologists among some Jewelry and pottery in caves across the Hinnom Valley which dated 700 B.C.288/15-16 These caves were south of the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. This was confirmed to the Associated Press by Tel Aviv archaeologist Gabriel Barkay. On one of the pieces of Jewelry was inscribed Numbers 6:24-26.

Samaritans were a group of colonists that were imported into the West Bank of Israel around 700 B.C. by the Assyrians to repopulate the area after they took the Israelite population of the ten northern tribes in chains back to Assyria (modern Iraq-Iran). Discovered was a Samaritan Torah which contained every single word found in the Hebrew text of the Torah.288/35 The Samaritans careful preservation of the Torah proves that we have the original unaltered writings of Moses.

Dr. Robert Dick Wilson, comments,

"After forty-five years of scholarly research in biblical textual studies and in language study, I have come now to the conviction that no man knows enough to assail the truthfulness of the Old Testament. When there is sufficient documentary evidence to make an investigation, the statement of the Bible, in the original text, has stood the test."289/391

Flavius Josephus (37-100 A.D.), a Jewish and Roman historian, wrote concerning the Old Testament:

"We have given practical proof of our reverence for our own Scriptures. For, although such long ages have now passed, no one has ventured either to add, or to remove, or to alter a syllable; and it is an instinct with every Jew, from the day of his birth, to regard them as the decrees of God, to abide by them, and if need be, cheerfully to die for them. Time and again ere now the sight has been witnessed of prisoners enduring tortures and death in every form in the theaters, rather than utter a single word against the laws and the allied documents." 165/179-180

INTERNAL EVIDENCE

The Mystery of Hebrew Encoding

When I was in college, after completing two semesters of systematic theology which covered many different theories of biblical inspiration, I spent a part of my summer vacation seeking the Lord about what the proper view of Scripture was to be? I received my answer while reading through the book of Matthew. I came to Matthew 5:17-18 to read Jesus saying the following:

"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not one yod or one tittle shall pass away from the Law, until all is accomplished."

In this passage Jesus taught that every single letter and mark in the Bible is inspired as it appears in the original Hebrew and Greek.

In a later Chapter in this book we will cover Old Testament Prophecies relating to Jesus and modern times. However, in all the thousands of prophecies that are given in the Bible, there are no word for word prophecies given about America, at least not on the surface. Have you ever wondered or heard anyone ask the question, "Where is America in Prophecy?" I have many times. Until recently, many events of the present, outside of Israel, did not seem to be in the Bible. But a recent discovery called Hebrew Encoding has changed all this.

For the past 100 years and more we have seen an all out attack on the reliability of the Judeo-Christian Scriptures. Something wonderful, however, happened that has changed this dramatically: it is the ability to use computers to check the reliability of the scriptures in the original languages of the Scripture down to the letter. This has come about through a process that is called ELS: Equidistant Letter Sequences. Grant R. Jeffery in his book, The Signature of God, explains:

"Rabbi Michael Dov Weissmandl, a brilliant Czechoslovakian Jewish scholar in astronomy, mathematics, and Judaic studies, found an obscure reference in a book by a fourteenth-century rabbi known as Rabbeynu Bachayah that described a pattern of letters encoded within the Torah. This discovery during the years before World War I inspired Rabbi Weissmandl to begin exploring for other examples of codes hidden within the Torah. During the war years he found that he could locate certain meaningful words or phrases, such as hammer and anvil, if he examined the letters at sequences that were equally spaced in the Hebrew text. In other words, if he found the first letter of a significant word such as Torah, and then, by skipping forward seven letters he found the second letter of the word Torah, he continued to skip forward the same number of letters to see whether or not the complete word Torah was spelled out in the text at equally spaced intervals. Rabbi Weissmandl described this phenomenon as ‘equidistant letter sequences’ (ELS). The rabbi was astonished to find that an incredible number of significant words were hidden in code within the text of the Torah at equally spaced intervals. These spaced intervals between significant letters varied from every five letters, every seven letters, and numerous other intervals. However, once they found a particular word spelled out at, say every 22nd letter, the balance of the letters from the words in this group were also spaced at an interval of every 22nd letter."288/202-203

To the astonishment of scientists, in both the secular as well as the religious world, they have found in the Judeo-Christian Bible encoded words describing future events and personalities in human history from ancient times up to and including the present. Daniel shares in the book of Daniel that many of the things God showed Daniel about the last days were not to be revealed until the end times. Whether the discovery of ELS is the fulfillment of this prophecy no one can say absolutely, but the end result of running this program on the ancient Masoretic text of the Old Testament have been absolutely astonishing. By applying it to the Torah, the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament written by Moses, the following is a sample of what has been found in the hidden codes in the Masoretic Text:

For a start the word Torah was found encoded in Genesis 1:1, Exodus 1:1 and in Numbers and Deuteronomy over and over again. The word Eden is found encoded sixteen times between Genesis 2:4-10. This was just the tip of the ice berg. Also found encoded in the Masoretic text of the Book of Deuteronomy were the words Hitler and Nazis. Hidden close to the words Hitler and Berlin were the names of the death camps Auschwitz and Belsen. Also the phrases King of the Nazis near the phrase an evil house rose up (Deut 33:16). In Deuteronomy was found the name Eichmann who was responsible for the system of death camps which led to the extermination of 6 million Jews. In Deuteronomy 33:21 were is found Israel and the phrase a people cry murder, slaughter.

The name of the late Egyptian President Anwar Sadat occurred together with the name of the leader of the Moslem Brotherhood assassination team that killed him. The code sequence also contained the year of his assassination: 1981 with the words president, gunfire, shot, parade, and murder. He was assassinated during a review of a military parade in 1981.

Also in the hidden code of the Torah are names and phrases related to the French Revolution. Close together are: The French Revolution, Louis (The French King), House of Bourbon (his royal dynasty) Hamarseilles (The name of the French National anthem), and Bastillia (the infamous French prison for political prisoners). These are found astoundingly between Genesis chapters 39-41 which describe Joseph’s imprisonment in Egypt.

"Ah! Common Dale! This is a bunch of fantasy!" Is it? These Hebrew coded words and phrases have been studied by a secular publication called Statistical Science. They published their findings in the August 1994 issue. Their conclusions were that the embedded codes were legitimate. This encoding had also been studied by Professor Harold Gans, a senior researcher who examined sophisticated foreign government intelligence codes for the U.S. Army. The end result of his study is that he confirms the existence of these codes as reported in Statistical Journal and that they could not have happened by chance or by human design. As a result of his discoveries, he is now teaching classes in synagogues throughout the world about the incredible evidence proving divine authorship of the Bible.288/217 The end result is that many liberal Jews have come back to a literal belief in the Old Testament teachings.

Another astonishing discovery made in the Hebrew codes in the Torah was a discription about our Desert Storm war in January, 1991. Codes revealed the following word phrases concerning the Gulf war: the name Saddam; Scud-B and Russian; They shut the door possibly referring to the Israelites protecting themselves from chemical warfare; the phrase the missile will terrify followed by the 3rd of Shevat the actual day in the Hebrew calendar the first missiles hit Israel. Astonishingly the names America (hqyrma), Iraq, in Saudi Arabia, Schwarzkopf and George Bush. Also found were CNN together with the name Peter Arnet the famous CNN reporter who broadcast from Bagdad during the war.

A few years ago Yassir Arafat shook hands with Yitzchak Rabin during the signing of the Declaration of Principles on the White House lawn. Again this event was hidden in the Hebrew Code written by Moses 3,500 years ago. Dr. Moshe Katz, a Israeli Hebrew Code scholar, wrote in his book, Computorah — Hidden codes in the Torah, that they discovered the names of Arafat and Rabin in Genesis 32:23-26. They also found the code words: Arafat — shook the hand — of Rabin along with the phrase: not a real peace. Along with the name Rabin were the phrases first-born son together with head and Israel. Rabin was the first Prime Minister of Israel born in Israel. Also revealed in these Hebrew codes was Yitzchak Rabin’s assassination.

Also found encoded were the history of King David and his kingdom, Jewish sages with their actual dates of birth and death and the actual cities in which they were born.

Also found by Dr. Mitcham were Hebrew Codes about September 11 starting with Psalm 23:4 which states "Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil; for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me." The words found encoded were September 11, 2001 with World Trade Center and President George Bush. Within the passage Psalm 19:2-4 are encoded all the names of the Satellites in orbit above the earth and the names of some of the scientists involved in developing these satellites. Psalm 19:2-4 states,

"Day to day pours forth speech, and night to night reveals knowledge. There is no speech, nor are there words; their voice is not heard. Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their utterances to the end of the world. In them He has placed a tent for the sun."

Satellites communicate digital information which cannot be heard until translated through our computers, TV screens or through our cell phones. This speech today, because of geosynchronous orbiting satellites, can be heard anywhere on the earth. "Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their utterances to the end of the world." For more information See the book titled September 11 Is in the Bible Code authored by Drs Larry Mitchan, and Clifford and Barbara Wilson.

The name of our Messiah, Jesus, was found in the Hebrew Code. The name for Jesus in Hebrew is Yeshua ([Wvy). The name means: Yehovah is Savior.286 Jesus is Yehovah God of the Old Testament in the flesh. Repeated over and over in the Hebrew Code is Yeshua is My Name. Jesus’ name Yeshua is first encoded in Genesis 1:1. In Genesis is encoded Yeshua is able. Amazingly Jesus name is encoded in passages that talk about the coming Messiah in the Old Testament. Isaiah 53:10 reveals that Jesus would suffer for our sins. Encoded in this passage is Yeshua is My name telling us who the Messiah would be. Jeffrey R. Grant states that for this to happen by chance is 1 chance in 50 quadrillion.288/225 Zechariah 11:12 is the prophecy about Judas selling out Jesus for 30 pieces of silver. Encoded in this verse is the name Yeshua who was sold by Judas for 30 pieces of silver, the price of a slave. In the book of Leviticus 21:10-12 is encoded the phrase: Behold! The blood of Yeshua. Found encoded in Psalm 41:7-10 which is a prophecy about Judas’s betrayal of Christ was they plot evil against Yeshua. Because of the discovery of Hebrew encoding many agnostic Jews have come back to Yehovah and his Scriptures. Now because of the Hebrew Encoding they also know who the Messiah is: Yehovah Elohim in the flesh: Jesus Christ of Nazareth.

Why weren’t these codes discovered long ago? They would not have any meaning long ago since these people, places and names did not exist until now. Yes, America and the modern Middle East are in the Bible but hidden in the text until their revelation would have meaning and now at a time when the world needs to know that the Bible is the Word of God Absolutely. God told Daniel through the angel recorded in:

Daniel 12:8-9 "As for me, I heard but could not understand; so I said, ‘My lord, what will be the outcome of these events?’ And he said, ‘Go your way, Daniel, for these words are concealed and sealed up until the end time.’"

We are in the last days, the final hour.

Then there is the amazing Image Bible Codes too complicated to explain here: http://www.bible-codes.org/

How does the discovery of the Hebrew Encoding prove that God inspired, led and controlled men’s writing of every letter in the Bible? There is 1 chance in 50 quadrillion of these codes being produced in the text by chance. How complicated is this Hebrew encoding? So complicated is this encoding that taking any phrase and trying to do the same in English or Hebrew cannot be duplicated by man or computer. It is absolute evidence of God’s absolute control over every letter and word and order of the letters and words written in the Bible and their preservation over 3,500 years of time. They also confirm absolutely Jesus’ words that not one letter of Scripture would pass away or be corrupted until all would be fulfilled. The Hebrew Codes in Scripture give us absolute proof and confirmation of Jesus’ words. The Torah Codes Program is available in both IBM-compatible and Macintosh format from Frontier Research Publications, Inc.321

What is the significance of the discovery of Hebrew Encoding and how does this relate to how reliable the Manuscripts of the Bible we have are? It proves, as we will discuss in the next few Chapters as well, that the first five books of the Bible, the Torah written by Moses, could not have been made up or accumulated over several hundreds of years with several editors adding from time to time additional material. This is known as the Documentary Hypothesis formulated by Julius Welhausen and his associates in 1895. If this were to have happened, there would be no Hebrew Codes to find since the original text would then have been corrupted. It proves that the manuscripts of the Bible we have today are the same letter for letter text of the Bible they were originally written in by Moses and the rest of the authors of the Bible. Also, it proves that no man himself, despite all his modern technology, could have written these manuscripts without direct outside letter for letter instruction in doing so from a far higher intelligence than man himself. Finally, it proves beyond a reasonable doubt that Yehovah Elohim, Jesus Christ Himself, as the Bible claims, is the author of the Judeo-Christian Bible, the author of this book alone. The Apostles Paul and Peter wrote under the Inspiration of God:

2 Timothy 3:16-17 "All Scripture is give-by-inspiration-of-God324 and profitable for teaching for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work."

2 Peter 1:20-21 "But know this first of all, that no prophecy of scripture is a matter of one’s-own-authority-to-loose380 to-cause-to-come-into-existence381, for no prophecy was-ever brought-forth382 by the will of man, but being-brought-forth383 by the Holy Spirit, men of God spoke384."

The Mathematical Preciseness of
Every Letter In The Bible

Another confirmation of Jesus’ Words that every letter is inspired in the Scriptures is the mathematical preciseness of the Scriptures. So mathematically precise are the Scriptures that again neither man nor our computers can duplicate it.

Ivan Panin, a famous early century mathematician left Russia to eventually settle in Canada in the town of Aldershot, Ontario. Ivan had been a committed atheist early in his life, but also early in his life he found Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord. In 1890 Panin begin a scientific exploration of the text of the Bible that would last for fifty years which would prove God’s letter inspiration of the Bible.

In this study he discovered that the letters and words of the Bible were in a precise mathematical order. To fully understand this, one needs to understand that the languages that the Old Testament and the New Testament are written in are alphanumeric. This means that the letters of their alphabet are also their mathematical numbers. If this were true in the English alphabet it would mean that A would be 1, B would be 2, C would be 3 and so on. This is true of the Hebrew and the Greek alphabets. Each letter is also a number. Because each letter had a numeric value, every word can be given a Numeric value by adding up the total value of each of the individual letters.

For example: Genesis 1:1 states, "In the Beginning Elohim created the Heaven and the Earth." The word Beginning in Hebrew is tyviareB]. It has a numeric value of 913. As a result we can add up all the words in a sentence to determine its numeric value. What Panin discovered was that in both the first Chapter of Genesis as well as in the first Chapter of Matthew is an astonishing order of multiples of 7 that scientifically cannot be explained as happening by chance. The significance of this is that the number seven in the Bible is the number for God, the number of perfection. There were 7 days of creation, God rested on the seventh day. In the book of Revelation, Jesus through John wrote to the seven Churches. Revelation talks about 7 trumpets. In Genesis 1:1 Panin discovered 30 mathematical multiples of 7.

Some professors of mathematics at Harvard University tried to disprove its significance of evidence of God’s divine authorship in the Scriptures. What was the end result? The end result was that they found that they could not artificially duplicate this phenomenon in the book of Genesis in English. There were only 4,500 words in the Hebrew vocabulary in Old Testament times. At the time of this investigation there were over 400,000 words in the English Language. Despite this greater advantage and the advanced knowledge of mathematics and the use of computers they were not able to duplicate this phenomenon of 30 mathematical multiples of 7.

If you would like to read Panin’s complete work on this it is published in his book, The Inspiration of the Scriptures Scientifically Demonstrated. Panin searched for this pattern in literature outside the Bible. Neither he nor anyone else has ever been able to find this phenomenon in ancient or recent literature. It is only found in the Bible in both the Hebrew and the Greek texts.

Getting back to our original question: How reliable are the manuscript copies of the Bible we have today? In light of the evidence presented in this Chapter, we can say without wavering, The Bible: ABSOLUTELY Reliable After Two-Thousand Years Of Transmission!

Suggested Further Reading:

  1. McDowell, Josh. Evidence That Demands a Verdict. Vol 1. San Bernardino: Here’s Life Pub., 1979.

  2. Jeffrey, Grant R. The Signature of God. Toronto: Frontier Research Publications, Inc., 1996.

  3. Panin, Ivan. The Inspiration of the Scriptures Scientifically Demonstrated.

  4. Wilson, Robert Dick. A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament. Chicago: Moody Press, 1959.

  5. Morris, Henry M & Henry M. Morris III. Many Infallible Proofs. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, Inc., © 1974, 1996 by Henry M. Morris.

  6. Free, Joseph P. & Vos, Howard F. Archaeology and Bible History. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1992.

  7. Metzger, Bruce. The Text of the New Testament, 3rd edition. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1992.

  8. Aland, Kurt & Barbara. The Text of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1989.

On to Chapter 3
Bibliography & Notes
Section 7 Chapters

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