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1 Corinthians 9:11
"If we sowed spiritual things in you, is it too much if we should reap material things from you?"

 

 

 

 

 

Evangelism:
The Time Is Now!

Section 1, Chapter 8

Further Insights on the Constitution of Man

Chapter Illustration

Back to chapter 7

The key to effective Evangelism, Discipleship, and Counseling is discerning the root of the problem and the root solution. In Evangelism, this would involve what is keeping the person from seeing that Jesus is the only way to God, forgiveness of sins, and Godís will and plan for his life. In discipleship, it would involve what is keeping the person from giving his soul life completely to Jesus to turn from a self centered lifestyle to a completely Christ centered lifestyle. In counseling it would be discovering what the real root problem is and what the real root solution is.

The first step to true discernment in these three areas requires a clear Biblical understanding about who man is.

This Chapter and Chapter 7 are also a beginning foundation for both the Basic and Advanced School of Evangelisms titled, Relationship With Jesus the Key to Effective Ministry.41 Every chapter is based on what is taught in these chapters on the Constitution and personality development of man. It is impossible to discern what is blocking a person from coming to Jesus if we are unable to discern in what part of their personality the block exists. This is also true in the ministry of healing. As we have already shared in earlier chapters, the Holy Spirit leads us by what we know. For this reason we begin this Basic School of Evangelism by studying what the Bible teaches about the Constitution and Personality Development of Man.

God created Man having a spirit, soul and body. The Jewish temple, the design given to man by God, is a visible example of man as spirit, soul and body. Manís temple the body is the outer court where the world interacts with the temple. The soul of man is like the inner court of the Jewish temple where the priests do their duties and give sacrifices and decide how they are going to interact with the world and carry out Godís will revealed through the Holy of Holies. Finally, the spirit, the holy of holies where God communicates with man His will and where man meets with and communicates with God.120/28-30

The Organs of Manís spirit are the conscience, gifts and manifestations, communion with God, and some emotion.

The Organs of Manís soul are the heart, mind, and some emotion.

The Organs of Manís body are the brain and the five senses by which he relates to and communicates with the physical world.

Definitions and Interrelated Functioning of the Basic Components of Manís Inner and Outer Constitution

Manís Spirit

Manís Spirit75, 104 is the means by which he has God-consciousness and is able to communicate with and have relationship with God. It is also the means by which man receives Godís will and plan for his life. Finally, it is the vehicle through which spiritual gifts are given and manifested. (1 Cor 2:10-15).

Manís Conscience101, 102 for an unbeliever is an organ of his soul and for a believer an organ of his spirit, which according to the Apostle Paul is Jesusí built-in alarm system which bears witness to the rightness or wrongness of manís thoughts and the decisions of manís heart which are functions of the soul.100, 103

Manís Purpose: is revealed by God through the gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit through man's spirit.

Manís Soul

Manís Soul 74, 77 is the means by which he has self-consciousness, relationship with self. Second, it is the medium between the spirit and the body. Third, it is what man becomes and manifests through his physical body in personality, vocation, and lifestyle as a result of, one, heart response to what he has learned through his mind body, conscience, and emotions; two, through what he has received from God through his spirit; and three, as a result of those abilities and talents God has chosen to give him individually.119

Manís Mind 108, 109, 110 an organ of the soul, is his computer by which he stores information gained through his five sensesóthe body, spirit, soul, conscience, heart, and emotions.111

Manís Heart 112, 113 the essence of his soul, is the part of man which decides how he will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through his mind; through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit; through the promptings of his conscience; and through his emotions. It is the volitional part of man.117

Manís Body

Manís Body 78, 79, 114, 115, 116 is the means by which he has world-consciousness and is the means by which he relates to and communicates with the physical world through his five senses. Second, it is the means through which his soul carries out Jesusí love and plan for his life outlined in the Bible and revealed through his spirit through union with the Holy Spirit.118 Third, it is the means by which he gives expression of his soul-life.

Expanded Definitions of Manís Inner and Outer Constitution

MANíS SPIRIT

The words for spirit in Hebrew are j'Wr75 (ruach) meaning spirit or wind (Gen 41:8), and tm'v]nI71 (neshmat) meaning breath or spirit.121 The word for spirit in Greek is pneu'ma76 (pneuma) meaning breath or spirit.122

Manís Spirit: is the means by which he has God-consciousness and is able to communicate with and have relationship with God. It is also the means by which man receives Godís will and plan for his life. The Apostle Paul wrote,

1 Corinthians 2:9-10 "But just as it is written, ĎThings which eye has not seen and ear has not heard, and which have not entered the heart of man, all that God has prepared for those who love Him.í For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God."

King David by the Spirit received Godís plans for the building of the temple (1 Chron 28:12). Paul and Barnabas were set aside by the Holy Spirit and commissioned to do missionary work (Acts 13). By the Spirit Paul came to know that Godís call for him was primarily to the Gentiles and Peter to the Jews (Gal 2:8).

Finally, manís spirit is the vehicle through which spiritual gifts are given and manifested.104 Paul writes concerning spiritual gifts and manifestation,

1 Cornthians 12:7-11 "But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit; to another faith by the same Spirit, and to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit. And to another the workings of powers, and to another prophecy, and to another the discerning of spirits, to another various-kinds of tongues, and to another the interpretation of tongues. But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills."

The purpose of these manifestations of the Holy Spirit through our spirits is to give us the ability to get to the root of a problem and the root solution and then know how to apply the solution. As we look to Jesus for the answer to our needs, through his Holy Spirit through our human spirit He manifests any or all of these gifts as needed to minister to the need. The meaning and how to manifest and apply these manifestations of the Holy Spirit are talked about thoroughly in Sections 5 and 6 of my Advanced Textbook on Evangelism titled, Relationship With Jesus the Key to Effective Ministry.41 Of manís spirit Martin Luther stated it,

". . . is the highest, deepest and noblest part of man. By it he is enabled to lay hold on things incomprehensible, invisible, and eternal."123/78

MANíS CONSCIENCE

Manís Conscience for an unbeliever is an organ of his soul and for a believer an organ of his spirit, which according to the Apostle Paul is Jesusí built-in alarm system which bears witness to the rightness or wrongness of manís thoughts and the decisions of manís heart which are functions of the soul.100, 103 The Apostle Paul writes,

Romans 2:14-15 "For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves, in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts (kardiva)112, their conscience (suneivdhsi")101 bearing witness, and the thoughts (logismov")124  between them accusing or excusing them."

There is no specific word in Hebrew for conscience, but there are phrases which indicate its existence like !h,ynEP] tr'K;h'102 (hakarath pnayahem). The word tr'K;h  means the look of and !h,ynEP  meaning their faces. The sense of the phrase means: a personís true heart revealed by the look on his face. In other words, the person may be lying, but his conscience shows through in his face.

The Greek word for conscience is suneivdhsi"101 (suneidesis). Concerning this word, Henry C. Thiessen states, "It comes from the Greek word suneivdhsi" , which means an accompanying knowledge. It is a knowing of our moral acts and states in connection with some moral standard or law which is conceived of as our true self and, therefore, as having authority over us."125/162

Manís memory or mind, from previous experience and stored information, also testifies to the rightness or wrongness of manís decisions in the heart, but the conscience is a definite separate function of the spirit, judging, as Paul testifies, not only the decisions of the heart, but the reasoning's of the mind as well.

MANíS PURPOSE

Manís Purpose is revealed by God through the gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit through man's spirit. Jesus said and the Apostle Paul wrote:

1 Corinthians 12:7-8 "But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given the word of wisdom105 through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge106 according to the same Spirit."

John 14:26 "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you."

John 16:13 "But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come."

THE COMMUNION OF MANíS SPIRIT

The Communion of Manís Spirit is his ability to communicate with and have relationship with God. Only a born again Christian whose spirit has been made alive and who has the life of God in the person of Jesus Christ living in him has this ability. The only way God can communicate with man is through manís spirit. This is because God is Spirit. Jesus said and the Apostle Paul wrote, John 4:23-24 "But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers. God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth."

1 Corinthians 2:9-10 "But just as it is written, ĎThings which eye has not seen and ear has not heard, and which have not entered the heart of man, all that God has prepared for those who love Him.í For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God."

This is also why a man without God has no ability to communicate with or have relationship with God. It is because his human spirit is dead. Therefore, there is no means for God to communicate directly to the person through his spirit. Paul writes about the unregenerate man,

Ephesians 4:17-18 "This I say therefore, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God."

Residents of Hell, by their own choice, are unable to commune with or know God in any capacity; nor is God able to commune with or know them. This is because God is spirit and residents of Hell are completely devoid of spirit, having no means of communicating with God or knowing God through their human spirit.

MANíS SOUL

Manís Soul is the means by which he has self-consciousness. Second, it is the medium between the spirit and the body. Third, it is what man becomes and manifests through his physical body in personality, vocation, and lifestyle as a result of heart response to, one, what he has learned through his mind body, conscience, and emotions; two, through what he has received from God through his spirit; and three, as a result of those abilities and talents God has chosen to give him individually.119

This is the reason for the resurrection: so man can continue to give expression of his soul-life through his body. In Hell one continues to have self-consciousness and awareness of his or her surroundings, but opportunity to give expression of that soul-life is forever ceased which is what is meant by the destruction of the soul: no means to develop or give expression of the soul-life.

In the Old Testament the word used for soul is the word vp,n<74 (nephesh). Moses wrote in Genesis 2:7,

"Then Yehovah-Elohim formed69 Adam of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the spirit71 of lives72; and Adam became a living73 soul74."

In the New Testament the word for soul is yuchv77 (suche). Paul wrote,

1 Thessalonians 5:23 "Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit76 and soul77 and body79 be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ."

The whole view of the Bible is that the life of man is his soul and that the soul itself is man himself. Two passages in the Bible, Matthew 16:26 and Luke 9:25, makes this plain. Watchman Nee, in his book The Spiritual Man, comments concerning these two passages:

"This signifies that the Holy Spirit is using Matthew to explain the meaning of Ďhimselfí in Luke and Luke the meaning of Ďsoulí in Matthew. Manís soul is the man himself, and vice versa."120/41

The soul is the essence of man himself, the medium between his spirit and body. The spirit has no access to the body except through the soul and then only with the soulís initiated cooperation. In the same way, the body has no access to the spirit. This is talked about more fully in

Chapter 1 of section 3 titled, "Jesusí Full Salvation for Man." Manís soul is also the means by which man carries out Godís will and plan for his life. Jesus reveals his will for our lives though our human spirit. The soul then decides whether it will carry it out through the body or not.

The Old Testament states that manís soul is in his blood:

Leviticus 17:11-14 "For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the soul that makes atonement. Therefore I said to the sons of Israel, ĎNo person among you may eat blood, nor may any alien who sojourns among you eat blood.í So when any man from the sons of Israel, or from the aliens who sojourn among them, in hunting catches a beast or a bird which may be eaten, he shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth. For as for the soul of all flesh, its blood is identified with its soul. Therefore I said to the sons of Israel, ĎYou are not to eat the blood of any flesh, for the soul of all flesh is its blood; whoever eats it shall be cut off."

Blood flowing through manís veins represents that he is physically alive. As long as we are physically alive and the blood is flowing, the potential of the full development of our souls, as Jesus intended, has the potential of being realized. But if murdered or our blood is shed (Gen 9:4-6) the potential of what we could have become and accomplished in Christ is destroyed. Jesus shed his blood, gave up his earthly soul-life, so that our souls might be saved.

Sin takes place in the soul. Watchman Nee writes,

"We should carefully note that the soul is where man expresses his free will and exerts his own mastery. The Bible therefore often records that it is the soul which sins. For example, Micah 6:7 says, Ďthe sin of my soul.í Ezekiel 18:4, 20 reads, Ďthe soul that sins.í And in the books of Leviticus and Numbers mention frequently is made that the soul sins. Why? Because it is the soul which chooses to sin."120/48-49

Because it is the soul that sins, therefore it is the soul that needs to be atoned for. Moses wrote,

Exodus 30:15 "You give the heave-offering of Yehovah to make atonement for your souls."

Leviticus 17:11 "For the soul of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul." (See also Numbers 31:50).

Isaiah 53:10-12 tells us that Jesus poured out His Soul, shed His blood, to redeem our souls.

Sin also destroys the potential of the soul. This is why the writer of Proverbs 6:32 states "He who commits adultery with a woman is lacking heart; he who would destroy his soul does it." It takes discipline and self-control over oneís emotions and lusts to develop oneís soul potential. Sin weakens the will (Heart) resulting in lack of discipline and self-control and thus frustrating the soul-potential or destroying it all together.

Jesus, in talking about the soul, said,

Matthew 16:24-27 "If anyone wishes to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. For whoever wishes to save his soul shall lose it; but whoever loses his soul for My sake shall find it. For what will a man be profited, if he gains the whole world, and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? For the Son of Man is going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and will then recompense every man according to his doing."

Jesus explains clearly that our soul is developed through surrender of our lives and will to His will. To pursue our own course according to our own will leads to ultimate destruction of our soul; that is, destroys the potential of what Jesus intended. Jesus said in John 6:63 "It is the Spirit who creates-life126; the flesh profits nothing." In Matthew 16:24-27, Jesus is also telling us that if we will not compromise in our walk with him when man shuts the door in our face through natural means, that He will Himself make sure that our soul is developed as He intended. He will make the way (Prov 29:25; 1 Pet 2:23, 4:19).

The Apostle John said, 3 John 2 "Beloved, I pray that in all respects you may prosper and be in good health, just as your soul prospers." As we allow Jesus to develop our talents and abilities according to His purpose and plans for our lives, which is our soul development, there will be a market for what we have and thus financially and materially we will prosper. (Deut 30:9-10). I believe this involves the maturity of our character as well.

MANíS HEART

Chapter Illustration 2

Manís Heart is the essence of his soul, it is the part of man which decides how he will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through his mind; through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit; through the promptings of his conscience; and through his emotions. It is the volitional part of man.116

Manís Heart is the reality of manís soul. It is man himself who listens to his spirit: conscience, gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit and Godís revelation through communion; which searches out its library: memory, knowledge and past experience in the mind; and to the information gained through the five senses of his body and then decides independently of this information gained through all these avenues what it will follow or do. The Bible defines the heart as the volition of man.

The word in Hebrew for Heart is ble (lav) & bb;le (lavav).113 The word in Greek is kardiva  (kardia).112 The will to choose best describes the heart and is described as taking place in the heart. The word for will or volition in Greek is qevlhma  (thelema) which means will, bent or inclination.127 In Hebrew the word is @/xr  (ratzone) meaning will, pleasure, hence wantonness.150

The writer of Proverbs states, Proverbs 6:32 "The one who commits adultery with a woman is lacking heart; he who would destroy his soul does it." The prophet Hosea states in the book of Hosea, Hosea 4:11 "Harlotry, wine, and new wine take away the heart." The implication here is that to have control over oneís lusts and emotions in line with the will of God is to have a strong will; or as the writer of Proverbs states it, to have heart, self-control. To surrender to oneís lusts and emotions or to have a weak will is to lack heart or will power. Jesus put it this way,

Matthew 15:19-20 "For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders. These are the things which defile the man; but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile the man."

Having evil thoughts or information in our minds does not make us evil. When in our hearts, we decide to act upon that information it then becomes sin. Acting upon the information does not have to be lived out physically to make it sin either. Jesus said in Matthew 5:27-28,

"You have heard that it was said, ĎYou shall not commit adulteryí; but I say to you, that every one who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her already in his heart."

This is why the writer of Proverbs tells us,

Proverbs 4:23 "Watch over your heart with all diligence, For from it flow the springs of life."

There are four functions of manís soul which are manifested through manís heart because they are all centered in manís volition: conscious reasoning, subconscious holdings, the soul-expression, and God-implanted giftedness.

The conscious part of manís being is where reasoning takes place, for it takes an act of the will to reason (Mk 2:6, 2:8; Lk 5:22). Our self-consciousness is the very evidence of the existence of our soul. The Greek word that best describes the conscious aspect of manís constitution is nou'"109. Vine defines nous as ". . the seat of reflective consciousness, comprising the faculties of perception and understanding and those of feelings, judging, determining."128 Mark records in the Gospel of Mark that after Jesus forgave the sins of the paralytic, the scribes begin to argue among themselves as to how a man could have authority to forgive sins:

Mark 2:8 "And immediately Jesus, aware in His spirit that they were reasoning152 that way within themselves, said to them, "Why are you reasoning about these things in your hearts?"

The word reasoning in the Greek is dialogivzontai  (dialogizontai). It means "to reason, deliberate, ponder, consider."152 The words himself, herself, themselves are synonymous with the word soul.

The subconscious part of manís being is where basic presuppositions, decisions made, and talents are stored or implanted as a result of volitional decisions made through conscious reasoning and God implanted giftedness. It is also the root of soul-expression (1 Cor 14:25, Prov 27:19).

The word t/yl;K  (kelay th)129 in Hebrew in the Old Testament and nefroi (nephroi)130 in Greek in the New Testament translated reins are the words used to describe the subconscious aspect of manís constitution.

Jeremiah 17:10 "I, Yehovah, search the heart, I test the reins, even to give to each man according to his ways, according to the results of his deeds."

Revelation 2:23 ". . . and all the churches will know that I am He [Jesus] who searches the reins and hearts; and I will give to each one of you according to your deeds."

David Cairns in his book, The Image of God in Man, defines this word as meaning "where motive, or that which is known to God but hidden to man."131/34 Lawrence J. Crabb in his book, Effective Biblical Counseling, defining what he calls the unconscious mind states that it is "the reservoir of basic assumptions which people firmly and emotionally hold about how to meet their needs of significance and security."132/91

When God commanded Moses to build a tabernacle he told him he would implant in the heart of certain individuals abilities and skills required to do the work of art necessary: Exodus 31:6 "And in the hearts of all who are wise of heart I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded you." Why is it that we can intellectually have an understanding of something in theory but cannot perfect it in physical practice where as someone else can? Because the ability to exercise our heart in that skill has not been given to us by God.

If, however, God chooses, He can enlarge the capacity of our heart to be able to exercise skills we have not been able to do before. In a dream, in 1 Kings 3:5, God said to Solomon, "Ask what you wish me to give you." Solomon said to God in reply,

1 Kings 3:9 "Give Your servant a hearing heart to judge Your people to discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?"

God states in reply,

1 Kings 3:12 "Behold, I have given you a wise and discerning heart, so that there has been no one like you before you, nor shall one like you arise after you."

Later the writer of 1 Kings tells us,

1 Kings 4:29-30 "Now Elohim gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and largeness of heart, like the sand that is on the seashore. And Solomonís wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt."

When, in obedience to God, I finished my two year degree in Electronic Technology the Lord gave me three more talents of Evangelism, Overseeing, and Teaching, He expanded my heart, of which this textbook work is an expression. (Matt 25:14-30). David wrote in Psalm 119:32, "I will run the way of Your commands, for You shall enlarge my heart."

Manís Soul is his unique personality having its roots in his subconscious, manifested through heart volition. Every time we make a decision about anything we learn or experience in life, that decision is permanently planted into our subconscious and our will becomes bound to it. The end result is that whether we are conscious of it or not, it affects everything we do. Our decisions make us who we are. When we think of someone, we think of the things they say and their physical mannerisms. We think about the facial expressions they make when talking or reacting to something they see or hear. All these things are our unique soul expressing itself through the will through our body. Without realizing it, these things control our will and the expression of our soul through our body. This is what Paul was talking about in a negative sense in Romans 7:14-24,

"For we know that the Law is spiritual; but I am motivated-and-controlled-by-the-flesh, sold into bondage to sin. For that which I am doing, I do not understand; for I am not practicing what I would like to do, but I am doing the very thing I hate. But if I do the very thing I do not wish to do, I agree with the Law, confessing that it is good. So now, no longer am I the one doing it, but sin which indwells me. For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh; for the wishing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not. For the good that I wish, I do not do; but I practice the very evil that I do not wish. But if I am doing the very thing I do not wish, I am no longer the one doing it, but sin which dwells in me. I find then the principle that evil is present in me, the one who wishes to do good. For I delight for the law of God in the inner man. But I see a different law in my members, waging war against the law of my mind, and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members. Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death?"

The human soul is like a sculpture. Every decision and choice we make is a chisel working away at our soul and forming, so to speak, a work of art. Unfortunately, once the chisel has done its work, if left to ourselves, the work cannot be undone. This is why Jesus said that with men salvation is not possible. It is also why Jesus said we must be born from above. Once the damage is done, the soul cannot be changed or repaired. Whatever decisions and choices we make become a permanent part of our souls and a permanent expression of our souls through our volition. This is what Paul is expressing in frustration in Romans Chapter 7. Jesus tells us it cannot be repaired, that the only solution is to be born from above, recreated inside and out. This is developed fully in Section 3, titled, "Jesusí Full Salvation For Man." Section 4 also talks about how to get victory over our bondages to sin in our souls on this side of Heaven until the resurrection and the recreation of our souls take place.

MANíS MIND

Manís Mind, an organ of the soul, is his computer by which he stores information gained through his five senses--the body, spirit, soul, conscience, heart, and emotions.110

The word used for mind and imagination in the Old Testament, rx,yE (y tzer).69, is a form of the word that Moses uses to express Godís forming man from the dust in Genesis 2:7.

"Then Yehovah-Elohim formed169 Adam of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the spirit of lives; and Adam became a living soul."

Genesis 6:5 "Then Yehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent133 of the imagination69 of his heart113 was only evil continually."

Isaiah 26:3 "The mind69 stayed on You, You will keep in perfect peace; because he trusts in You."

The word rx,yE  (yatzer) means imagination, thought; to form, frame.69 As we can see from these passages, the mind, heart and imagination are interrelated and all part of the soul of man.

Outside of  rx,yE (yatzer) other words that are sometimes translated mind, and sometimes incorrectly translated, in English Bibles are the Hebrew words for heart113, spirit75 and even soul74. Aside from these Hebrew words there are phrases that are referring to the mind indirectly. For example in Genesis 37:11 Joseph has just told his brothers and his father, Jacob, his dreams of ruling over them. The New American Standard Bible (NASB) translates Jacobís response as follows: "And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind." The literal translation of this highlighted phrase is: observed the word.

Another example is in Genesis 40:14. Joseph, in the Egyptian jail, has just interpreted the baker and cupbearerís dreams. After telling the cupbearer that he is going to be released and restored to his post before Pharaoh, he says to him, in the

NASB translation: "Only keep me in mind when it goes well with you, and please do me a kindness by mentioning me to Pharaoh, and get me out of this house." The literal translation of this highlighted phrase is: remember with yourself. As You can see, Moses does not have a word for mind but urges them to pay attention and remember with what? The soul (yourself) where the mind is.

The words in the Greek for mind are dianoiva (dianoia)108 meaning the mind, thought, imagination, insight, comprehension; nohvma (noema)109 meaning mind, understanding, intellect, conception; and nou'" (noos)110 meaning mind, intellect, opinion, conception. These Greek words in order are in the following passages:

Mark 12:30 "And you shall love Adonai-your-God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind (dianoiva)108, and with all Your strength."

Philippians 4:7 "And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, shall guard your hearts and your minds (nohvma)109 in Christ Jesus."

1 Cor 2:16 "For who has known the mind (nou'")110 of Adonai, that he should instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ."

According to Colossians 2:18 imaginations take place in the mind. According to Proverbs 2:2 wisdom135 is received in the mind, the library, but understanding of that wisdom takes place in the heart.

Proverbs 2:1-2 "My son, if you will receive my words, and hide my commandments within you, so that you bow your ear to wisdom135, you shall extend your heart113 to understanding175."

MANíS BODY

Manís Body is the means by which he has world-consciousness and is the means by which he relates to and communicates with the physical world through his five senses. Second, it is the means through which his soul carries out Jesusí love and plan for his life outlined in the Bible and revealed by the Holy Spirit through His human spirit.118 Third, it is the means by which he gives expression of his soul-life.

This is the reason for the resurrection, because our bodies are the means through which we are able to give expression of our soul life. The lost are also resurrected, and the damnation of Hell is that they are no longer able to develop or give expression of their soul-life through the body. This is what is meant by the destruction of the soul: Destruction meaning no means to develop or express their inward soul forever; absolute permanent frustration of development and expression of the soul through the body: Hell.

The Old Testament uses three words referring to the body: rc;B; (basar)78 meaning flesh; raev] (sh-air)176 meaning flesh, and hl;ben] (navelah)114 meaning corpse or carcase and always referring to a dead body. The Word flesh also refers to the soul of manís bondage to his bodily appetites. Moses wrote in Genesis 6:3 "And Yehovah said, My Spirit shall not always strive with man; in their erring he is flesh." Not only is man severed from God, but his soul also has sunk into bondage to the appetites and the desires of his body so that he is nothing but flesh.

The New Testament uses three words for body: sw'ma (soma)79 which is the word Paul uses when referring to the three types of life man has in 1 Thessalonians 5:23 and is the primary word for body in the New Testament,

"Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit76 and soul77 and body79 be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ."

The second word is savrx (sarx)115 meaning flesh which refers to the human body as well as the soul of manís bondage to his bodily appetites and desires (John 3:6). Finally, third: ptw'ma (ptoma)116 which refers always to a dead body, carcase or corpse (Rev 11:9). Martin Luther said that the bodyís "work is but to carry out and apply that which the soul knows and the spirit believes."123/78

MANíS EMOTIONS

Concerning manís emotions, when I did my word studies on the constitution of man in the Old and New Testament they seemed to have no specific place in the constitution of man. In fact, my study seemed to indicate that they primarily spring from three different aspects of manís inner being: heart, soul, and spirit.

The primary words for emotions or compassion in the Old Testament are @ym;j}r (racham„een)141 meaning mercies or tender compassion (Lam 3:22);137 mj}r; (racham)142 meaning to love tenderly, to pity, to have compassion or mercy upon anyone (Ps 18:2);143 and lm'j; (chamal)144 meaning to have compassion, to pity, spare (Ex 2:6).

The primary words for emotions or compassion in the New Testament are splagcnivzomai (splagknizomai)145 meaning to be moved with pity or compassion (Matt 9:36);139 ejleevw (elee )146 meaning to show mercy, kindness, compassion (Matt 18:33);140 metriopa'qevw (metriopatheo)147 meaning to show gentleness, compassion (Heb 5:2); oijkteivrw (oikteiro)151 meaning to be gentle, compassionate (Rom 9:15); and sumpaqhv" (sumpathes)148 meaning to sympathise or be compassionate (1 Pet 3:8).

Emotions of The Heart are being stirred to action (Ex 35:21), trembling (1 Sam 4:13, Deut 28:65), gladness or pleasantness (Judg 16:25), troubled (2 Sam 24:10), being enraged (2 Kin 6:11), sadness (Neh 2:2), joy (Prov 17:22), merriness (Ecc 7:3), and experiencing Godís love (Rom 5:5).

Emotions of The Soul are pleasure (Heb 10:38), hate (Num 21:5), weeping (Ps 119:28), bitterness (Job 7:11, Is 38:15), happiness and peace (Lam 3:17), despair (Deut 28:65), grief (1 Sam 2:33), and scorn (Ezek 25:15).

Emotions of The Spirit are sighing (Mk 8:12), being moved or troubled (Jn 11:33), rejoicing (Lk 1:47), anguish (Job 7:11), and anger (Ecc 7:9).

Lawrance J. Crabb in his book, Effective Biblical Counseling, makes a distinction between emotions that come out of compassion and as a result of sin.132/104-105 Emotions that result from sin are depression, crippling guilt, resentment, frustration, and anxiety. Emotions that spring from a non-sinful reaction are anguish (Lk 22:44), constructive sorrow (2 Cor 7:8-10), anger (Matt 21:12-13), motivated discontent (Phil 1:12), and concern (Prov 6:6-11). Crabb states that,

"In every instance, the wrong negative emotion can be traced to a wrong assumption about how personal needs can be met."132/105


Bibliography & Notes
Chapter 9

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