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Relationship With Jesus
The Key To Effective Ministry

Section 10, Chapter 4

Mutations
Confirm the Book of Genesis

Continued on Page 2

Another theory put forth by evolutionists of how evolution took place, which also does not explain how life began, is the theory of Mutational Evolution. Mutational Evolution teaches that over time genes in animals were mutated and led to these animals being better able to compete for resources within their environment. Because this was true, they increased in number faster than previous life forms which, as a result, were displaced from those environments. These then became enhanced life forms. Over billions of years, many mutations have taken place which evolutionists believe have led to the many varieties of life forms which we see on earth today.354/114-117

A recent reference book on medical genetics lists over 4,500 diseases caused by genetic mutations. Mutations are permanent random changes in cellular DNA. They change the genetic code for amino acid sequence in proteins. It is understood that the fire that occurred in the Apollo capsule that killed three astronauts was the result of a comma in the wrong place for instruction for creating the space capsule. One amino acid out of sequence as a result of base sequence error in the DNA creates similar results in the biochemical world. These wrong DNA instructions are the result of the deletion or insertions of a DNA base, the alphabet of DNA. When this takes place in the female ova or male sperm DNA, the genetic mutation becomes permanent and is what is known as inherited diseases. Mutations also take place in cells in the body and accumulate over time but are not passed on. These are known as "somatic mutations." Cancers and other degenerative diseases are the result of this kind of mutation.

Geneticist Dr. Ling Lester explains that a mutation is basically just a genetic mistake.356 Genes are passed on from generation to generation. To be passed on they are copied. Like in any other copying process, the copying of genes can result in mistakes. These mistakes we call mutations. Dr. Carl Weeland explains that in everyone of us is information, an information code, which determines that we are going to be a human being verses an alligator, that you will have blue eyes verses green eyes. Half of this information comes from our mother and half from our dads. DNA from our parents is two six foot long strands. This DNA is cut up into 46 pieces we call chromosomes. Genes are little sentences along these DNA chromosome strands. The information in these genes, which determines for example whether you will have green or blue eyes, is not passed on like a copier, but is copied one letter at a time. The total information in the DNA in ourselves and all the coded letters would fill volumes and volumes of books. In twenty minutes, all the information, all the letters and sentences which determines what we are going to be, is copied from the 46 chromosomes in our cells for reproduction. Every once in a while a typo occurs in this process which results in a mutation of that gene. Amazingly our bodies have filtering mechanisms which filter out many of these mistakes. Sometimes, however, despite this, a mistake gets by. If this happens in the sperm of the male or egg of the female it is passed on permanently from generation to generation and these mutations build up from generation to generation. Like in a computer program, if you have a defect in the program and copy it, you copy the defect with it.356

If this is true, why donít we see this accumulation of defects in ourselves more greatly than we do? The reason is because it will only show up if both parents have this same defect in the same gene. If one does not, the good gene is produced rather than the defective one.

Biologist Dr. Gary Parker explains that evolutionists want us to believe that mutations are the writers who are writing new information into the script that give us new traits and new abilities. Science shows us just the opposite.356 Darwin and his associates believed that if an animal through successive generations did not use a particular genetic expression, that this would result in a change in the genetic script and would be passed on to the offspring. We know now though through science that this is not the case, that whether genes are used or not, they are still passed on from one generation to another. In light of these facts, despite the fact this has never been demonstrated through scientific observation, evolutionists now teach that change in organisms come about through mutations in the existing genetic code.

Examples of Mutations

*Cholesterol

Unfortunately, what evolutionists donít tell you is that all mutations are harmful, not beneficial. Mutations cause problems rather than the means for evolutionary change. We hear a lot about cholesterol today. Two much in our blood streams results in the clotting of our arteries. Recently it has been discovered that this is caused by a biochemical defect called familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). This disorder is the result of a mutation of a gene which creates a protein imbedded in the cell membrane which allows fats and cholesterol created in the liver to pass through into the cell. In some cases little or none of this protein is produced or if it is produced is not imbedded into the cell membrane. In other cases the protein is imbedded in the cell membrane but does not link with the fat or cholesterol packages. In another case it is not allowed to stay imbedded in the cell membrane. In another case the protein links with the fat and cholesterol packages but does not allow them to pass through into the cell.

Cholesterol in our systems is not bad because it is used in the construction of cell membranes. When the cell needs cholesterol it sends a message to the liver and the liver produces cholesterol in the blood stream for the cell to use. When the cell is not able to pass the cholesterol through its cell membrane, it keeps sending more messages to the liver to produce more cholesterol because it doesnít know the problem is not being able to pass the available cholesterol through. This results in high levels of cholesterol in the blood stream. The end result is rapid arteriosclerosis and heart disease. If a child has inherited this problem it results in fatal heart disease in their youth.

*Cystic Fibrosis

Another example of a mutated disease is cystic fibrosis (CF). This is another disease which cripples children and leads to early death. It results in damage to the lungs, digestive organs and in males the spermatic duct. It is the result of the misspelling of one key gene which regulates chloride ion transport across the cell membrane. The production of this protein involves 250,000 base pairs in the mRNA and 1,480 amino acids in the production of the protein. Research has shown this defect is the result of a deletion of three nucleotides (3 bases) which results in the loss of a phenylalanine residue on the peptide chains of the protein. This error in instruction results in lung infections, pancreatis, male infertility, but never anything beneficial.

*Cancer

What causes cancer? This involves genes concerned with cell replication. There are genes whose function are to suppress cell replication and genes which are concerned with encouraging cell replication. Both are necessary for proper cell function and growth. When a mutation, however, damages the gene for suppression of cell replication, you get uncontrolled replication of cells which results in a tumor. This is what we call cancer. An analogy given to this would be like having your gas peddle stuck to the floor at full throttle and no brakes. This kind of damaging mutation takes place over time and is mainly an old age disease. However, if this mutation is inherited it results in cancer in children.

*Sickle Cell Anemia

Evolutionists will cite sickle cell anemia as an example of a beneficial mutation because if a person receives the mutated gene for this from just one parent he will be resistant to malaria. What they do not tell you is that if the person receives this gene from both parents which results in their having sickle cell anemia, it will result in an early death in life. Regardless of the benefit to resistance to malaria, how is dying early in life beneficial? Again, a person only suffers from this genetic disease if it is passed on by both parents. You are never going to have a generation which all have this disease. It is not going to become a permanent change in the species of humans. It is only going to show up in special cases.

In light of these scientific facts, why do evolutionists continue to insist that evolution came about through mutations? Because there is no new source of genetic material to bring about evolution except through something rewriting the script which already exists. Because they come from the assumption that evolution is true, it had to come about through genetic mutations. However, ask any evolutionary scientists to give you examples of good beneficial mutations and all you will receive from them is silence. However there are thousands and thousands of documented examples of mutations that are non-beneficial and destructive. When God created us in the beginning the genetic code needed no improvement. Mutations are what computer viruses are to computers, just that: non-beneficial and destructive to the already perfect programming to begin with. Mutations are used to explain over and over again diseases and birth defects. Hundreds of these can be found in the textbooks, but no books can document any beneficial results from mutations of any kind.

Another fact that evolutionists do not explain about the concept of evolution is that in order to produce a new highly complex organ requires not one genetic mutation, but thousands, but not just thousands of mutations, but mutations that can work in concert together and bring about a beneficial result. Science has never witnessed to any degree an organism developing a new organ through mutations. All mutations are destructive, not constructive. Mutations are nothing more than usually a one letter mistake in the genetic code related. Mutations are mutations, not evolution in any stretch of the imagination. This is because mutations are not new information, but just variations on already existing information and not to the benefit of the organism involved. Mutations rather than being an increase of information are a decrease of information, a corrupting of the information that already exists. Information is lost, not built up. No scientist has ever witnessed a mutation increasing information, only corrupting the information that already exists.

Mutational Experiments

Since Evolutionists put forth the hypothesis of evolution through mutations, many experiments have been conducted on life forms to produce genetic mutations. The most popular life form for these experiments have been fruit flies. What has been the end result? While they have, through exposure to radiation, been able to produce mutated fruit flies, what they have not been able to do is reproduce fruit flies from mutated fruit flies. This is because without exception all mutated fruit flies are sterile and die without ever being able to pass on their mutated genes. The end result of all these experiments has been complete and total failure to give any evidence that life on earth evolved through genetic mutations.332/11-12, 338/273-274 What they discovered was that no mutation produced knew organs. They discovered that species can vary within certain limits, but cannot go beyond the boundary of their species.333/124-125

Many mutational experiments were also done on E. coli bacteria. The results were the same: While they came up with different strains of E. coli bacteria, it remained E. coli bacteria.349/88 C. H. Waddington, a biologist at the University of Edinburgh, had put it this way:

Continued on Page 2
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