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Relationship With Jesus
The Key To Effective Ministry

Section 10, Chapter 2

DNA Confirms
The Book of Genesis

Chapter Illustrations 1, 2, 3

Page 1 of 2, 3, 4

The Creation of Man

Moses wrote in the book of Genesis 2:7 how God created man:

"Then Yehovah Elohim formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the spirit of lives; and man became a living soul." (Genesis 2:7)

When God created man, He created man with three kinds of life:

Physical: "Then Yehovah Elohim formed man of dust from the ground"

Spiritual: "and breathed into his-nostrils the spirit of lives"

Soulish: "and man became a living soul."

Manís spirit is the means by which he has God consciousness and relationship with God. Manís soul is the means by which he has self-consciousness and relationship with self. Manís body is the means by which man has world consciousness and is able to carry out his soul desires in the physical world. Section 1, Chapter 6 goes into greater depth concerning the creation, constitution and Fall of man. What we want to focus on in this Chapter is the miracle of the human body that God created.

*Nucleic Acids:  DNA Illustration

The blue print and bases upon which God created physical life and for the maintaining of that physical life is DNA a Nucleic Acid. Nucleic Acids are substances which store information that determines the structure and function of a living organism and its components. There are two types of Nucleic Acid in the living cell: DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). The six foot long strand of DNA in the human cell is broken down into 46 strands called Chromosomes. These Chromosomes contain the programming needed for all the different types of protein needed by an organism. The instruction for each type of protein needed are the hereditary components of DNA called genes (Illustration). RNA carries out this programming instruction known as protein synthesis. The DNA in all the chromosomes in the fertilized egg of a human contain all needed instruction to create and maintain a fully formed human being.

Computer programs are blue prints of information from which when the computer reads it, it produces a planned intended out come. The alphabet of the computer program is zero and one. Depending on how these zeros and ones are combined ("00110101101") determines how the computer will translate that information on your screen for viewing and in print on your printer. DNA is also a program, a blue print for all life, full of information for the building and maintaining of that life. DNA also has an alphabet of four letters called bases. These four bases are Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), and Cytosine (C); and a fifth called Uracil (U) used in place of thymine for RNA (Illustration). Depending on how these bases are combined in a given gene of DNA (AATCGTTTGCGT) determines how the cell will translate this information for an intelligent determined outcome. Both DNA and RNA are made up of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus arranged by design into molecular subunits called nucleotides (Illustration). The writing pad of DNA is a strand made of phosphoric acid. The letters of the DNA alphabet are attached to this phosphoric acid strand, not randomly, but intelligently, through a five-carbon sugar bridge called deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA.  (Illustration)

Protein is the primary outcome of the instruction of these gene bases within the DNA. Forces within the cell go to the DNA double Helix (Illustration), unravel that part of the DNA code instruction needed for a specific purpose and creates a RNA strand which carries out this specific instruction within the cell. These separate instructions produce protein for hair, eyes, skin, muscle, enzymes, and thousands of other functions needed to be carried out within the cell to produce a fully functioning human being. Enzymes have many functions. Many are used as catalysts within the cell to bring about the needed reactions the RNA instruction needs to carry out its intelligent intended purpose within the cell. Every cell type has characteristic proteins like actin and myosin for muscle tissue which makes it appear as it does.

Proteins are made up of Amino Acids, twenty of them (Illustration). This is a letter alphabet of protein structure. Depending on how these Amino Acids are added in a chain and arranged, called polypeptides, will determine what kind of protein is produced. So critical is this order that if just one Amino Acid is out of place, out of hundreds and thousands of ordered Amino Acids, the intended needed formation of the protein will be destroyed, and in many cases will lead to the weakened condition of the life form and to early premature death. Just how critical this is is talked about in Chapter 4 titled Mutations Confirm the Book of Genesis. Amino Acids in Protein are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and most of the time sulfur.

The polypedtides formed from the amino acids combine together to form chains which then fold into specific coiled or pleated structures which then arrange into fibers, crystals or specific layers to produce the final intended product like muscle, skin or hair. A small protein can consist of up to 600 amino acids. For example: Hemoglobin consists of 574 amino acids arranged in four polypeptide chains. Its chemical formula is C3032H4816O872N780S8Fe4. The protein hemoglobin carries the oxygen in red blood cells.

As has already been discussed, DNA contains three different families of chemicals: phosphate, sugar, and bases. A phosphate consists of a phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms and is necessary for living things. Bones contain phosphate. Sugars are a subgroup of a biochemical family called carbohydrates. They consist of carbon, water, hydrogen and oxygen. The "D" in DNA stands for the sugar deoxyribose.

The bases are the most significant part of the DNA molecule. They are a part of two families called purine and pyrimidine. These four bases and the families they go in are listed in this illustration.

DNA exists in the form of two strands attached to each other by means of their bases. Purine bases link up to pyrimidine bases in DNA to form what is known as the Double-Helix. By knowing the bases of one strand, you automatically know the base line up of the other strand. This is because Cytosine will only pair with Guanine and Adenine will only pair with Thymine.

Through the research of Phoebus Levene, it was discovered that the three components of phospate, sugar and a base were linked together by chemical bonds in the order of phosphate-sugar-base.330/10 The sugar forms the bridge between the phosphate and the base. This is what is known as a nucleotide. The DNA molecule is therefore a six-foot long strand of phospate and billions of bases connected to the strand of phosphate through individual sugar bridges one after the other. The DNA is then coiled into units we call chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell that is smaller than the period at the end of this sentence. RNA is similar in its make up to DNA except that the base uracil (U) is found in place of Thymine (T), and the sugar deoxyribose is replaced with the sugar ribose.

The genetically active strand of DNA is called the plus strand. The plus-strand sequence of AATCGTTTGCGT would be reflected in its mate, the minus strand, by the sequence TTAGCAAACGCA. By knowing the base sequence of one strand you can accurately predict the base sequence of the the other strand. The reason why the minus-strand exists has to do with cell division. It is like the negative of a photograph. When the cell gets ready to divide, the plus-strand separates from the minus-strand, and from nucleotide combinations floating within the cell a new plus-strand is formed to the minus-strand which then becomes the DNA of the new cell. Of course a new minus-strand also forms to the original plus-strand.

*How Genes Make Proteins

Within the DNA strand, bases are paired together in triplet combinations called condons. This is also true concerning the RNA. Sixty-four different kind of condon combinations are possible: AGC, GCA, TGG, etcetera. This is similar to binary coding of a computer. Instead of 0, 1 combinations, DNA have four to work with: A, G, C, T. Several of these condons in combination form a program for creating a specific amino acid. Most proteins consist of around 100 amino acids. Some consist of 1,000.

When the stretch of DNA condons for a specific protein are met, the last condon is a stop condon. They call this stretch of condons an open reading frame (ORF). Though DNA primarily produces specific proteins, it has many other functions as well.

The ORF is the gene for a specific protein. When a specific protein is needed, the DNA in the needed portion of the chromosome will uncoil. Next the two strands of DNA will separate at the strand of ORF needed. Next a compliment from nucleotides from RNA components within the cell combine with the ORF strand. This is known as transcription. RNA is similar to DNA in many ways, but it is always a much smaller molecule, and it contains only one strand. The strand of RNA formed is called messenger RNA or mRNA. The mRNA separates from the DNA and passes into the cytoplasm through the pores in the nuclear membrane.

Once out, the mRNA strand encounters ribosomes. Ribosomes are composed of protein and RNA. In some fashion the mRNA is handled by the ribosomes. At the same time, particles of yet another kind of RNA are attracted called transfer RNA or tRNA. As they associate with each other they transfer a particular kind of amino acid, and become attracted to the ribosome in accordance with the base sequence of the mRNA strand.

tRNA is intricately coiled and in some places double-stranded, with a group of three free and reactive bases on one end which comprise a triplet known as an anticodon. These three bases provide a means of connecting with a complementary triplet of bases of a strand of mRNA called a condon. A triplet sequence is associated with a specific amino acid. The strand of tRNA provides the scaffolding for the arrangement of amino acids into proteins. The final step in which protein is formed is called translation. Once the protein is complete, mRNA is released and can be reused to form fresh mRNA with a different information content, or to produce another strand of tRNA of the same kind.

There are also specific enzymes in the cell whose job are to destroy outdated and inappropriate mRNA so that they do not interfere with the present needs of the cell. The life of mRNA in a cell is in minutes or hours.

When this process takes place it is what is known as gene expression. What does this mean? It means that when God created Adam and Eve, their DNA, which is passed on to every human, contains all the genetic information that is expressed in all races of humans. This complete genetic information is in every cell of every kind of tissue you have in your body from bone cells to brain cells to skin cells to stomach cells. The reason why some humans express different genetic traits then others is because only certain genes in each human are expressed, accessed, while the others remain in the DNA molecule suppressed.

Continued on Pages 2, 3, 4
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