Bibliography & Notes - 1-93
Hd;b][;l] to work, labour,
tillage, agriculture. Gen 2:15. Hd;bo:.
yl;xe rib. Gen 2:21.
hV;ai woman, female.
Gen 2:22. vn"a;. 1/49, 36-37.
Leviticus 20; Matthew 15:18-20; 1 Cor 6:9-10, Matthew
5:17-20, Hebrews 13:4.
Wvv;Bot]yI to be ashamed,
disappointed, confused, perplexed. Hithpal. fut. 3 pers. pl. masc. Gen
2:25. v/B. 1/361, 71.
@/dy: to strive. Gen
6:3. @WD. 1/47, 147-148.
Hebrews 9:14; John 16:13-15 and 14:26.
a knowing with oneself, as the inward faculty of moral judgment, the
consciousness of knowing what is write or wrong. Noun: feminine singular
nominative, 4893; from suneivdw to be aware
of, to know, 4894. 2/391, 5/198, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
!h,ynEP] tr'K;h' sense: a
person's true heart revealed by the look on his face. tr'K;h'
meaning the look of & !h,ynEP]
meaning their faces. fem., verbal of Hiph.. Isaiah 3:9. rk'n:
to know, discriminate. 1/549-550.
1 Tim 1:5; Heb 9:14, 10:22; Rom 9:1.
Prov 20:27, Matt 26:41, Jn 7:37-39, 1 Cor 6:17, 1 Cor
2:9-11, 1 Chron 28:12, Zech 12:1.
sofiva divine widom,
knowledge. noun. 1 Cor 12:8. sofov".
gnw'si" 1) knowledge
of a special kind and of a high character, of God. 2) Christian knowledge.
3) of the heretical Gnosis, Gnosticism. Noun: feminine singular
nominative, 1108; ginwvskw to know,
understand, perceive, 1097. 1 Cor 12:8. 2/79, 5/579/10, 28/CD, 31/CD,
Matt 22:37, Mk 12:30, Lk 10:27.
diavnoia the mind,
disposition, thought, imagination, insight, comprehension, intellect, full
or thorough mind. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 1271; compound
word from diav through, 1223, and nou'"
mind, 3563. 2/94, 5/662/8, 28,CD/ 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
nohvma mind, understanding,
intellect, conception. Phil 4:7. nou'".
nou'" 1) the mind,
intellect, conception which involves perceiving, understanding, feeling,
judging, determing, reasoning; the intellectual faculty, the understanding.
2) the mind, intellect as the side of life contrasted with physical
existence, the higher, mental part of the natural man which initiates his
thoughts and plans. 3) mind, attitude, opinion, way of thinking as
the sum total of the whole mental and moral state of being. 4) also the
result of thinking mind, thought, opinion. Noun: masculine singular,
3563; probably from the base of ginwvskw to
know, understand, perceive, 1097. 2/280, 5/662/11, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
1 Sam 16:6, Prov 15:13, Zech 4:6, Ps 31:5, Is 30:1.
kardiva heart; the
essence of manís soul, the part of his constitution which decides how he
will respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body;
through his mind, through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit,
through the prompting of his conscience, and through his emotionsóthe
volitional part of man; also regarded as the center and source of the whole
inner life, its thinking, feeling, and volition. There are four functions of
manís soul which are manifested through manís heart because they are all
centered in manís volition: conscious reasoning, subconscious holdings,
the soul-expression, and God-implanted giftedness. The conscious part of manís
being is where reasoning takes place, for it takes an act of the will to
reason, Mk 2:6, 2:8; Lk 5:22. The subconscious part of manís being is
where basic presuppositions, decisions made, and talents are stored or
implanted as a result of volitional decisions made through conscious
reasoning and God implanted giftedness. It is also the root of
soul-expression, 1 Cor 14:25, Prov 27:19. When God commanded Moses to build
a tabernacle he told him he would implant in the heart of certain
individuals abilities and skills required to do the work of art necessary:
"And in the hearts of all who are wise of heart I have put wisdom, that
they may make all that I have commanded you," Exodus 31:6. Manís Soul
is his unique personality having its roots in his subconscious, manifested
through heart volition. Every time we make a decision about anything we
learn or experience in life, that decision is permanently planted into our
subconscious and our will becomes bound to it. The end result is that
whether we are conscious of it or not, it affects everything we do. Our
decisions make us who we are. When we think of someone, we think of the
things they say and their physical mannerisms. We think about the facial
expressions they make when talking or reacting to something they see or
hear. All these things are our unique soul expressing itself through the
will through our body. Without realizing it, these things control our will
and the expression of our soul through our body. This is what Paul was
talking about in a negative sense in Romans 7:14-24. The human soul is like
a sculpture. Every decision and choice we make is a chisel working away at
our soul and forming, so to speak, a work of art. Unfortunately, once the
chisel has done its work, if left to ourselves, the work cannot be undone.
This is why Jesus said that with men salvation is not possible. It is also
why Jesus said we must be born from above. Once the damage is done, the soul
cannot be changed or repaired. Whatever decisions and choices we make become
a permanent part of our souls and a permanent expression of our souls
through our volition. This is what Paul is expressing in frustration in
Romans Chapter 7. Jesus tells us it cannot be repaired, that the only
solution is to be born from above, recreated inside and out, John 3:5-7.
Noun: feminine, 2588, prolonged from a primary karóLatin, cor,
"heart". Rom 2:15. 2/213, 5/468/11, 28/CD, 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD,
ble 1) heart which is
the essence of his soul, it is the part of man which decides how he will
respond to what he has learned through his spirit, soul and body; through
his mind; through gifts and manifestations of the Holy Spirit; through the
promptings of his conscience; and through his emotions. It is the volitional
part of man. Manís Heart is the reality of manís soul. It is man himself
who listens to his spirit: conscience, gifts and manifestations of the Holy
Spirit and Godís revelation through communion; which searches out its
library: memory, knowledge and past experience in the mind; and to the
information gained through the five senses of his body and then decides
independently of this information gained through all these avenues what it
will follow or do. The Bible defines the heart as the volition of
man. There are four functions of manís soul which are manifested through
manís heart because they are all centered in manís volition: conscious
reasoning, subconscious holdings, the soul-expression,
and God-implanted giftedness. The conscious part
of manís being is where reasoning takes place, for it takes an act of the
will to reason (Mk 2:6, 2:8; Lk 5:22). Our self-consciousness is the very
evidence of the existence of our soul. The Greek word that best describes
the conscious aspect of manís constitution is nou'".
Vine defines nous as ". . the seat of reflective consciousness,
comprising the faculties of perception and understanding and those of
feelings, judging, determining," 26/CD. Mark records in the Gospel of
Mark that after Jesus forgave the sins of the paralytic, the scribes begin
to argue among themselves as to how a man could have authority to forgive
sins: "And immediately Jesus, aware in His spirit that
they were reasoning that way within themselves,
said to them, "Why are you reasoning about these things in
your hearts?" Mark 2:8. The subconscious
part of manís being is where basic presuppositions, decisions made, and
talents are stored or implanted as a result of volitional decisions made
through conscious reasoning and God implanted giftedness. It is also the
root of soul-expression (1 Cor 14:25, Prov 27:19). The word t/yl;K]
(kelayoth in Hebrew in the Old Testament and nefroiv
(nephroi) in Greek in the New Testament translated reins are
the words used to describe the subconscious aspect of manís constitution.
"I, Yehovah, search the heart, I test the reins, even to
give to each man according to his ways, according to the results of his
deeds," Jer 17:10. ". . . and all the churches will know that I am
He [Jesus] who searches the reins and hearts; and I will give
to each one of you according to your deeds," Rev 2:23. David Cairns in
his book, The Image of God in Man, defines this word as meaning
". . . where motive, or that which is known to God but hidden to
man," 46/34. Lawrence J. Crabb in his book, Effective Biblical
Counseling, defining what he calls the unconscious mind states
that it is ". . . the reservoir of basic assumptions which people
firmly and emotionally hold about how to meet their needs of significanceand
security," 47/91. When God commanded Moses to build a tabernacle he
told him he would implant in the heart of certain individuals abilities
and skills required to do the work of art necessary: "And
in the hearts of all who are wise of heart I have put wisdom, that they may
make all that I have commanded you" (Exodus 31:6). Why is it that we
can intellectually have an understanding of something in theory but cannot
perfect it in physical practice where as someone else can? Because the
ability to exercise our heart in that skill has not been given to us by God.
If, however, God chooses, He can enlarge the capacity of our heart to be
able to exercise skills we have not been able to do before. In a dream, in 1
Kings 3:5, God said to Solomon, "Ask what you wish me to give
you." Solomon said to God in reply, "Give Your servant a hearing
heart to judge Your people to discern between good and evil. For who is able
to judge this great people of Yours?" 1 Kings 3:9. God states in reply,
"Behold, I have given you a wise and discerning heart, so that there
has been no one like you before you, nor shall one like you arise after
you," 1 Kings 3:12. Later the writer of 1 Kings tells us, "Now
Elohim gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and largeness of
heart, like the sand that is on the seashore. And Solomonís wisdom
surpassed the wisdom of all the sons of the east and all the wisdom of
Egypt," 1 Kings 4:29-30. 2) middle, midst, inner part. Noun:
masculine singular, 3820; a form of bb;le heart,
understanding, 3824. 1/406, 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.
hl;ben] corpse, carcase
of men and animals. Psalm 79:2. lben;. 1/532.
savrx 1) Flesh, humanity,
human race, man, Matthew 24:22, Luke 3:6, John 1:13-14, 17:2. 2) fellow-countrymen,
kindred, Romans 11:14. 3) flesh descendant, lineage, Romans 1:3,
9:3. 4) flesh referring to this life, 1 Cor 7:28. 5) flesh
refering to the appetite and desires of the body, Galatians 5:16-17, 24;
Romans 8:3, 5. 6) flesh referring to humanity born into the world
with a soul and body but devoid of spirit, John 3:6. 7) flesh
referring to self and confidence in the strength of self through the soul
and body, self motivated and controlled, rather than by the Holy Spirit
through our human spirit, John 6:63, Romans 7:5, 2 Corinthians 7:5,
Galatians 2:23, 29, 3:3; Ephesians 2:11; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 2:18;
Hebrews 9:13-14. 8) flesh referring to the physical body, Matthew
19:5, Luke 24:39, Acts 2:31, 1 Corinthians 15:39, Hebrews 9:10. Noun:
feminine singular nominative, 4561. 2/363, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
ptw'ma a dead body, carcase,
corpse. noun. Rev 11:9 . pivptw. 2/356, 325.
Proverbs 3:5, 6:32, 9:16, 27:19; Hosea 4:11.
Psalm 79:2, Matt 10:28, 1 Thess 5:23, 1 Cor 15:35-38.
Gen 2:7; Matt 22:37, 25:14-30; Lev 17:11; Deut 30:9-10.
Nee, Watchman. The Spiritual Man. Volume 1.
New York: Christian Fellowship Publishers, Inc, 1968.
Job 32:8, Prov 20:27, Job 34:14-15, 1 Sam 11:16, Prov
15:13, Zech 4:6, Ps 31:5, Is 30:1.
1 Cor 2:10-11, Mk 2:8, Matt 26:41, Eph 4:30, 1 Thess 5:19,
Kerr, Hugh Thompson Jr. A Compend of Luther's
Theology. Philadelphia: The Westminister Press, 1943.
logismov" 1) a
computation, act of computing. 2) a thought, cogitation. 3) a
conception, device. Noun: masculine singular nominative, 3053; from logivzomai
to count, calculate, 3049. 2/249, 28/CD, 31/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
Thiessen, Henry C. Lectures in Systematic Theology.
Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1949.
zwopoievw to create or make
alive. Verb, 2227; from zw'on alive,
2226, and poievw to create or make alive,
4160. zw'on, 2226, & poievw,
4160. 2/182, 183, 332; 5/790/2; 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
qevlhma will, bent,
inclination. acc plural. Eph 2:3. qevlw.
Vine, W. E. An Expository Dictionary of New Testament
Words. Old Tapan: Revell, 1960.
t/yl;K] subconscious reins.
denoting: the secret workings and affections of the soul. noun fem
pl. abs. Jer 17:10. hy:l]Ki. 1/380, 379.
nefroiv subconscious reins. denoting:
the secret workings and affections of the soul. acc. pl. Rev 2:23. nefrov".
Cairns, David. The Image of God In Man.
London: Collins Clear Type Press, 1973.
Crabb, Lawrance J. Jr. Effective Biblical Counseling.
Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1977.
tbov]j]m' purpose, intent;
fabrication, plot; to think, regard, value, compute. Noun: feminine
plural construct, 4284. Gen 6:5. of bv'j;.
1/482, 278, 5/785/4, 37/CD.
ijscuvw to be strong, be
well, be in good health. Mk 12:30. ijscuv".
hm;k]h' wisdom. Prov
2:2. mk'h;. 1/257.
1 Kin 8:50, 2 Chron 30:9, Zech 7:9.
1 Sam 23:21; 2 Chron 36:15, 17; Ezek 16:5.
Micah 7:19; 1 Kin 8:50; 2 Kin 13:23; Is 49:15; Jer 12:15;
Deut 13:17, 40:3.
Matt 14:14, 15:32, 18:27, 20:34; Mark 1:41, 6:34, 8:2,
9:22; Lk 7:13, 10:33, 15:20; 1 Jn 3:15.
@ym;j}r' compassion, mercy.
Ch. masc. pl. Dan 2:18. mj}r;. 1/681.
mj}r; to love tenderly, to
pity, to have compassion or mercy upon any one. Ps 18:2. 1/681.
Ps 86:15, 111:4, 112:4, 145:8.
lm'j; to have compassion,
to pity. Exod 2:6. 1/264.
splagcnivzomai to be moved
with pity or compassion. Matt 9:36. splavcnon.
ejleevw to have compassion,
pity. Matt 18:33. e[leo". 2/131.
metriopa'qevw to be gentle,
compassionate. Heb 5:2. . 2/268.
compassionate. 1 Peter 3:8. sumpavscw. 2/383.
See Section 7 in this Textbook, titled, The
Bible: God's Word Absolutely.
@/xr; will, pleasure,
hence wantoness. noun. Gen 49:6. hx;r;.
oijktevirw to have compassion
favor towards. 2 Cor 1:3. 2/285.
dialogivzontai to reason,
deliberate, ponder, consider thoroughly, dispute, muse, think. Verb:
third person plural present middle indicative, 1260b; of dialogivzomai,
1260. Mark 2:8. 2/93, 5/796/5, 27/CD.
In Section 3 Chapter 1 titled, "Understanding Your
Salvation In Jesus," I explain Biblically and theologically why this is
sodomites, a male who have sexual intercourse with other males. Noun:
masculine isngular, 733; from a[rrhn or a[rshn
male, 730, & koivth sexual
intercourse, 2845. 2/53, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
whoremonger, one who practices sexual immorality, someone who has
voluntary sex with someone else outside the bounds of marriage. Noun:
masculine singular, 4205. 2/337, 5/368, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
moiceiva adultery, a
married person having sexual intercourse with someone other than their mate.
Noun: feminine singular nominative; from moiceuvw
to commit adultery, 3431. Galatians 5:19. 2/272, 5/14/2, 28/CD,
pisteuvw to believe, give
credit to, to be persuaded of, place faith and confidence in. Verb: 1
person singular, 4100; from pivstis faith,
belief, firm persuasion, 4102. 2/314, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
ajpeiqevw 1) to refuse belief
and obedience, disobey, John 3:36, Rom 10:21. 2) to be uncompliant.
Verb: 1 person singular, 544; from ajpeiqhv"
disobedient, 545. 2/37, 26/CD, 28/CD, 30/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
anakrivnw to discern, judge.
(compound word: ajnav meaning: Through the
midst, between & krivnw meaning: to
separate, to make a distinction between. 2/19, 241). 1 Cor 2:15. 2/23.
hT,p'y to deceive, seduce,
entice. Piel fut. 3 pers. sing. masc. Exodus 22:16. ht;P.
1/336, 636, 5/303.
hl;WtB] a virgin
meaning: a girl or woman who has never had sexual intercourse. noun
fem. sing. Exodus 22:16. lt'B Arab: to
separate. 1/124-125, 5/628, 7/1470.
hm;l][' virgin meaning:
a girl or woman who has never had sexual intercourse. noun fem. sing.
Isaiah 7:14. !l'[; to hide, conceal.
1/207, 601; 7/1470.
parqevno" A virgin
meaning: a girl or woman who has never had sexual intercourse. noun
fem. Matt 1:23. 2/309, 4/679, 5/1016.
moicou;" an adulterer; a
married person having sexual intercourse with someone other than their mate.
acc. pl. Heb 13:4. moicov". 2/272, 4/579,
#a;nTi to commit adultery;
spiritual or voluntary sexual intercourse of a married person with someone
other than his or her lawful spouse. Kal fut. 3 pers. sing. Exodus
20:14. #a'n:. 1/765, 529; 5/14; 7/19.
povrnou" a fornicator,
impure person; two adults have sexual intercourse outside the bonds of
marriage; whoremonger, male prostitute. acc. pl. Heb 13:4. povrno",
povrnh. 2/337, 4/740, 5/368.
See Section 4 Chapter 3 in this Textbook titled,
"Daily Feeding on Jesus Through the Word."
rx'y: to form, fashion,
mold as a potter, to squeeze into shape; figuratively to
determine or form a resolution. Verb: qal third masculine singular,
3335; identical to 3334. Gen 2:7. 1/339, 5/367/2, 37/CD.
twaob;X]h' hwIhy“ yn:doa Adonai-Yehovah-of-hosts
meaning: Lord Yehovah of hosts. A compound name of God, 136b; from
136, 3068 and 6635a. Amos 9:5. 31/CD, 37/CD, 42/CD.
our sins to God, making right our wrongs confessed, and then bring forth fruit
in keeping with repentance. Matthew 3:1-12.
metanoevw 1) to repent,
repentance: to turn away from sin, our ways and self rule back to God's
ways and rule over our lives. Repentance involves:
first, confessing our sins, Matt 3:6, making straight our ways, Matt 3:3,
and then bringing forth fruit showing that we have truly repented, Matt 3:8,
a change of behavior. To turn away from something, to change oneís way of
life as the result of a complete change of thought and attitude with regard
to sin and righteousness, in the N.T. always sin; to undergo a change in
frame of mind and feeling and principle, to repent; a change of heart
and mind away from self and sin and toward God and holiness; a change for
the better, an amendment, and always of repentance from sin; to reform,
heartily to amend with a hatred toward oneís past sin; Matthew 3:2,
Luke 17:3-4. Verb: 1 person singular, 3340; from metav
in, with, by means of, 3326, & noievw to
perceive with the mind, observe; to mark attentively, 3539. 2/266,
4/560, 5/808, 26/CD, 26/CD, 28/CD30/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
Kruse, Dale P. Evangelism: The Time Is Now! Teacherís
Manual. Tulsa, OK: Layman Evangelism Ministry Book Series, © 1999
by Dale P. Kruse.
incapable of dissolution, indissoluble; hence enduring, everlasting
(!a denotes privation; augmentation, union
& kataluvw to dissolve, to destroy,
demolish, overthrow. 2/1, 218). Heb 7:16. 2/12.
ktivsi" creation, the
act of creating. 2 Cor 5:17. ktivzw. 2/242.
ejpiqumei' irregular or
violent desire, cupidity, lust. 3 per. sing. pres. ind. (compound word επι:
upon, over, of authority, 2/153; & θυμος:
to rush, strong passion & emotion, 2/197). Gal 5:17. ejpiqumevw.
proorivzw ordain beforehand.
(pro before & ojrivzw
to set bounds, restrict. 2/341, 292). Eph 1:5. 2/345.
gennavw to receive birth, to
be born, produced. Verb, 1080; from givnomai to
be created, come into existence, 1096. 2/78-79, 5/82/4, 28/CD, 31/CD,
a[nwqen from above, from a
higher place, John 3:3, 3:31. Adverb, 509; from a[nw
up, upwards, above, on high, 507. 2/34, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
incapable of dissolution, indissoluble; hence enduring, everlasting.
Adjective: masculine singular nominative, 179; from a
denotes privation, 1, & a derivative of kataluvw
to dissolve, destroy, 2647. 2/12, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
Romans 6, Colossians 1:27
ktivzw 1) properly: to reduce
from a state of disorder and wildness. 2) in N.T. to call into being,
to create. 3) to call into individual existence, to frame. 4) to
create spiritually, to invest with a spiritual frame.
Verb: 1 person singular, 2936. 2/242, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
ejpiqumiva, as, hJ 1) irregular
or violent desire, cupidity, lust. compound word ejpiv
upon, over, of authority, 1909, & qumov"
to rush, strong passion & emotion, 2372. 2) earnest desire.
3) specially impure desire, lust. 4) metaphorically: the object of
desire, what enkindles desire. Noun: feminine singular nominative, 1939;
from ejpiqumevw to desire, long for, 1937.
2/156, 26/CD, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
yucikov" pertaining to
the soul; motivated and controlled through the soul. Adjective, 5591;
from yuchv, 5590. 1 Cor 2:14. 2/443, 28/CD,
pneumatikov" that which
pertains to the spirit; motivated and controlled through the spirit.
Adjective, 4152; pneu'ma, 4151. 1 Cor 15:44.
2/331, 5/688/5, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
proorivzw 1) to predetermine,
ordain-beforehand. 2) to foreordain, appoint beforehand. Verb:
Masculine singular Nominative, 4309; from prov before,
4253, & ojrivzw determine, 3724. Eph
1:5. 2/345, 5/722/17, 28/CD, 31/CD, 37/CD.
See References 69, 70, 71, 72, 73 and 74.
Back to Bibliography
& Notes - 1-93
Section 1 Chapters